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Semenovsky regiment

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Semenovsky regiment

Semenovsky Lifeguard Regiment
Active 1683-1917
Country Russian Empire
Branch Army
Type Infantry
Size Regiment
Garrison/HQ St. Petersburg
Insignia
Badge of the regiment

Semenovsky Life-Guards Regiment (Семёновский лейб-гвардии полк) was one of the two oldest guards regiments of the Imperial Russian Army.

History

Peter's Toy Army

Its history dates back to 1683 from Toy army of Peter I. In 1700 it was designated the Semenovsky Life Guards Regiment (after a village of Semenovskoe near Moscow, where it was initially stationed). From 1723 the regiment was quartered in St. Petersburg.

The Great Northern War

During the Great Northern War the regiment fought in the Battle of Narva, in 1703 excelled in the siege of Nyenschantz and capture of the Swedish fleet at the mouth of the Neva River, took part in the Prut campaign of 1711.

Russo-Turkish War of 1735–1739

Russo-Swedish War of 1741–1743

Russo-Swedish War of 1788–1790

The Napoleonic Wars

The entire regiment participated in the wars with France (1805, 1806–07, 1812–14)

19th Century

It participated in the wars against Turkey (1828–29 and 1877–78).

In 1905, regiment participated in quelling of the armed uprising in Moscow.

World War 1 and disbandment

During the First world war, the regiment was dispatched to the South-Western front as part of the 1st Guards Infantry Division; the reserve battalion, which remained in Petrograd took part in February revolution in 1917.

In March 1918 the Semenovsky regiment returned from the battlefront to Petrograd and was disbanded the same month.

Revival

In 2013 President Vladimir Putin signed a decree on re-establishment of the Regiment as The Semenovsky 1st Infantry separate regiment (1-й отдельный стрелковый Семёновский полк), and as part of the The Kremlin Guard.

External links

  • Semenovsky Life Guards Regiment
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