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Seoul Station

Seoul
Korean: 서울역
South Korean Railway terminal
View of the station from the street.
Location  South Korea, Seoul
Coordinates
Owned by Korail
Platforms 5 (4 island platforms)
Tracks 10
Construction
Parking yes
Other information
Fare zone 0
History
Opened 1900
Electrified yes

Seoul Station is a major railway station in Seoul, the capital of South Korea. The station is served by the Gyeongbu Line, its high-speed counterpart and the Gyeongui Line, with frequent high-speed, express, and local services to various points in South Korea.

Contents

  • Services 1
  • Station layout 2
    • KORAIL 2.1
    • AREX 2.2
      • Platform layout (AREX) 2.2.1
    • Seoul Metro 2.3
      • Platform layout (Seoul Metro) 2.3.1
  • History 3
  • Old Seoul Station 4
  • General information 5
  • Gallery 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Services

The station is the primary terminus for the KTX and express services to Busan. The station is also served by about a dozen trains per day on the Honam Line and its express Gwangju Station and Mokpo. The station used to be the terminus for all long-distance trains on the Gyeongbu, Honam, Jeolla, and Janghang Lines, but in early 2004, the terminus for most Honam, Jeolla, and Janghang Line trains was moved to Yongsan.

AREX express trains provide service to Gimpo Airport and Incheon International Airport. Service began December 29, 2010.

Seoul Subway serves the station with Line 1 and Line 4, and an hourly train on the Gyeongui Line.

Station layout

KORAIL

Sinchon
West 1413 1211 109 87 65 43 21
Namyeong
Platform No. Line Train Destination
1·2 Gyeongbu Line Cheonan Express For Yeongdeungpo·Suwon·Cheonan
Gyeongbu Line Nooriro For Sinchang
3~12 Gyeongbu Line KTX·Saemaul-ho·Mugunghwa-ho·Nooriro For Daejeon·Dongdaegu·Busan·Pohang·Masan Station·Suncheon·Haeundae
13~14 Gyeongbu Line KTX·Saemaul-ho·Mugunghwa-ho·Nooriro For Haengsin / Seoul Arrival
West Gyeongui Line B Express·A Express·Local For Digital Media City·Daegok·Ilsan·Munsan

AREX

Terminus
  Local       Express  

Gongdeok ↓ / Incheon International Airport

Line Train Destination
AREX Local Exit Only
AREX Local For Gimpo Airport·Incheon International Airport
AREX Non-stop Exit Only
AREX Non-stop For Incheon International Airport
  • Platform numbers are not assigned; instead, platforms are classified as "express" or "local"

Platform layout (AREX)

AREX platform level Eastbound local AREX Local Alighting passengers only →
Island platform, doors will open on the right
Westbound local AREX Local toward Incheon Int'l Airport (Gongdeok)
Eastbound express AREX Express Alighting passengers only →
Island platform, doors will open on the right
Westbound express AREX Express toward Incheon Int'l Airport (Terminus)

Seoul Metro

Platform Line Destination
Line 1 Platform
To Sinchang/Incheon Line 1 For Guro·Incheon·Byeongjeom·Cheonan·Sinchang
To Soyosan Line 1 For Cheongnyangni·Seongbuk·Chang-dong·Uijeongbu·Soyosan
Line 4 Platform
To Danggogae Line 4 For Chungmuro·Dongdaemun·Nowon·Danggogae
To Oido Line 4 For Dongjak·Sadang·Geumjeong·Oido

Platform layout (Seoul Metro)

Line 1 platforms Eastbound Line 1 toward Incheon or Sinchang (Namyeong)
Island platform, doors will open on the right
Westbound Line 1 toward Soyosan (City Hall)
Line 4 platforms Northbound Line 4 toward Danggogae (Hoehyeon)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Southbound Line 4 toward Oido (Sookmyung Women's Univ.)

History

The former Seoul Station, named "Gyeongseong Station" started operating in a 33m2 (10 pyeong) wooden building in July 1900 with the extension of the Gyeongin Line north of the Han River. It was originally located near Yeomcheon Bridge and was renamed as "Namdaemun Station" in 1905, due to its proximity to Namdaemun. The Gyeongbu Line opened in 1905, and the Gyeongui Line opened in 1906 - both lines connecting to the station. In 1910, when the original wooden building was demolished and a new train station was erected, the station reverted to the name "Gyeongseong Station," when the name of the city of Seoul changed from Hanseong to Gyeongseong ("Keijo" in Japanese). The construction of the current "Old Seoul Station" began on June 1, 1922, and was finished on September 30, 1925.[1]

The station was renamed "Seoul Station" on November 1, 1947. The station was expanded throughout the post-Korean War era; the Southern Annex of Seoul station was completed on Dec 30, 1957, and the Western Annex was completed on Feb. 14, 1969. In 1975, the Korea National Railroad's office moved from Seoul Station to the new West Annex Office. A raised walkway connecting the Seoul Station and the West Annex was completed on 1977, and Korea's first privately funded station was erected in 1988 in time for the Seoul Olympics. In 2004, a new terminal adjacent to the existing one was completed to coincide with the introduction of KTX high-speed rail service.[1]

Old Seoul Station

Old Seoul Station
Old Seoul Station

The Old Seoul Station (Hangul구서울역사; hanja舊서울驛舍, literally meaning "Old Seoul station building"; ), originally named Keijo (Gyeongseong) Station and designed by Tsukamoto Yasushi of Tokyo Imperial University, was finished on November 1925. This red brick building, designed in an eclectic style, features a Byzantine-style central dome and a centralized and symmetrical layout.[2] The floor of the Central Hall on the ground floor was covered with granite and the walls were covered with man-made stone. The wooden floor inside the building’s VIP Lounge was covered with birch wood and a western style restaurant was located on the 2nd floor.[1]

On 25 September 1981, the old station was designated as Historic Site 284.[1] A restoration project of the old station began on September 2007 to "transform the former Seoul Station, which had lost its functionality as a train station since the opening of the new KTX Station, into a premier national multidisciplinary cultural facility." On the same year, the management was transferred from the Cultural Heritage Administration to the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism. After the design for former Seoul Station’s remodeling was developed in 2009, the remodeling construction began.[3]

On 9 August 2011, the station was reopened as a culture complex with its original exterior, after a two year of restoration project by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism and the state-run Korea Craft and Design Foundation (KCDF).[4] On 2 April 2012, "Culture Seoul Station 284" was officially launched "as a space for diverse artistic and cultural creation and exchange." The official name, which combines the station's historic, spatial, and urban symbolisms, was selected through a national open call. By combining the notion of a cultural space with the old Seoul Station’s historic site number 284, the name aims to embody the concepts of preserving its appearance and value as a historic site while simultaneously cultivating the meaning of the station as a place of various cultural intersections. The restored station is a 9,202m2 building with two stories above ground and one story below ground level.[3] The former station, before the renovation, has the main lobby, a waiting room, and a VIP room on the first floor, and a barber shop and restaurants on the second floor. Post-renovation, the first floor contains a venue for performances, exhibitions and events, and a multipurpose hall on the floor above.[5]

General information

  • Korail Seoul Station
  • Seoul Metro Line 1 Seoul Station

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "History". Culture Station 284. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  2. ^ "서울역사 (Seoul Station Building)". Seoul Metropolitan Government. 2003. Retrieved 2009-04-26. 
  3. ^ a b "Restoration Project". Culture Station 284. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 
  4. ^ "Historic Seoul Station reopens". The Hankyoreh. 10 August 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  5. ^ "Old Seoul Station Gets New Lease of Life". Chosun Ilbo. 10 August 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 

External links

  • (Korean) Station information from Korail
  • Seoul Station introduction (KTX Cyber Station)
  • Seoul Station introduction (Incheon International Airport Railroad Homepage)
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