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Server farm

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Title: Server farm  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Thread pool pattern, History of Wikipedia, Compile farm, Scram, Farm (disambiguation)
Collection: Cluster Computing, Fault-Tolerant Computer Systems, Server Hardware, Servers (Computing)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Server farm

A row of racks in a server farm
This server farm supports the various computer networks of the Joint Task Force Guantanamo

A server farm or server cluster is a collection of

External links

  1. ^ Mitrani, Isa (January 2013). "Managing performance and power consumption in a server farm". Annals of Operations Research 202 (1): 121–122.  
  2. ^ "Luiz André Barroso".  
  3. ^ "TPC describes upcoming server power efficiency benchmark - Server Farming". 2009-02-19. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  4. ^ "TPC eyes energy consumption and virtualization benchmarks". 2008-11-06. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  5. ^ Rich MillerApril 1st, 2009 (2009-04-01). "Efficient UPS Aids Google’s Extreme PUE". Data Center Knowledge. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  6. ^ a b "Iceland looks to serve the world". BBC News. 2009-10-09. Retrieved 2009-10-15. 
  7. ^ a b "Cold front: Can Canada play a leading role in the cloud?". 2010-12-08. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  8. ^ "Finland - First Choice for Siting Your Cloud Computing Data Center". 2010-12-08. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  9. ^ [2] Archived August 19, 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Wheeland, Matthew (2010-06-30). "Swiss Carbon-Neutral Servers Hit the Cloud". Retrieved 2012-09-20. 


See also

According to some estimates, for every 100 watts spent on running the servers, roughly another 50 watts is needed to cool them.[6] For this reason, the siting of a Server Farm can be as important as processor selection in achieving power efficiency. Iceland, which has a cold climate all year as well as cheap and carbon-neutral geothermal electricity supply, is building its first major server farm hosting site.[6] Fibre optic cables are being laid from Iceland to North America and Europe to enable companies there to locate their servers in Iceland. Other countries with favorable conditions, such as Canada,[7] Finland,[8] Sweden[9] and Switzerland,[10] are trying to attract cloud computing data centers. In these countries, heat from the servers can be cheaply vented or used to help heat buildings, thus reducing the energy consumption of conventional heaters.[7]

The EEMBC EnergyBench, SPECpower, and the Transaction Processing Performance Council TPC-Energy are benchmarks designed to predict performance per watt in a server farm.[3][4] The power used by each rack of equipment can be measured at the power distribution unit. Some servers include power tracking hardware so the people running the server farm can measure the power used by each server.[5] The power used by the entire server farm may be reported in terms of power usage effectiveness or data center infrastructure efficiency.

Performance per watt

The performance of the largest server farms (thousands of processors and up) is typically limited by the performance of the data center's cooling systems and the total electricity cost rather than by the performance of the processors.[2] Computers in server farms run 24/7 and consume large amounts of electricity, for this reason, the critical design parameter for both large and continuous systems tends to be performance per watt rather than cost of peak performance or (peak performance / (unit * initial cost)). Also, for high availability systems that must run 24/7 (unlike supercomputers that can be power-cycled to demand, and also tend to run at much higher utilizations), there is more attention placed on power saving features such as variable clock-speed and the ability to turn off both computer parts, processor parts, and entire computers (WoL and virtualization) according to demand without bringing down services.


Server farms are increasingly being used instead of or in addition to mainframe computers by large enterprises, although server farms do not yet reach the same reliability levels as mainframes. Because of the sheer number of computers in large server farms, the failure of an individual machine is a commonplace event, and the management of large server farms needs to take this into account by providing support for redundancy, automatic failover, and rapid reconfiguration of the server cluster.

Server farms are commonly used for cluster computing. Many modern supercomputers comprise giant server farms of high-speed processors connected by either Gigabit Ethernet or custom interconnects such as Infiniband or Myrinet. Web hosting is a common use of a server farm; such a system is sometimes collectively referred to as a web farm. Other uses of server farms include scientific simulations (such as computational fluid dynamics) and the rendering of 3D computer generated imagery (also see render farm).



  • Applications 1
  • Performance 2
    • Performance per watt 2.1
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

. data center or server room in a 19-inch racks which enable communication between the different parts of the cluster and the users of the cluster. Server farmers typically mount the computers, routers, power supplies, and related electronics on routers and/or network switches Server farms often have backup servers, which can take over the function of primary servers in the event of a primary-server failure. Server farms are typically collocated with the [1]

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