Shen Junru

Shen Junru

Shen Junru (Chinese: 沈钧儒; pinyin: Shěn Jūnrú; Wade–Giles: Shen Chünju; (January 2, 1875-June 11, 1963) was a Chinese lawyer, political figure, and the first President of the Supreme People's Court of China in the People's Republic of China.

Biography

Shen was born in Suzhou, Jiangsu, with family ancestry in Jiaxing,[1] Zhejiang during late Qing Dynasty. He received the Jinshi or "presented scholar" degree, the highest under the imperial examination system. Shen completed a preparation course (速成科) at Hosei University, in Tokyo, Japan in 1905.

Shen Junru and other six intellectuals in Shanghai were arrested in 1936 by Chiang Kai-shek's government, which is known as the Seven Gentlemen Incident. This incident caused a national crisis and the seven were released only after the Japanese launched all scale invasion in the summer of 1937.[2]

Shen attended the first Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) in 1949 and was appointed to be the first President of the Supreme People's Court from 1949 to 1954. Shen had also served as a member of the committee of the Central People's Government, and was vice-chairman of the CPPCC from 1949 to 1963.

Additionally, Shen was vice-chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress from 1954 to 1963, and chairman of the China Democratic League from 1956 to 1963. He was also vice-chairman of the Chinese Political and Law Studies Association (中国政治法律学会).

Notes

  1. ^ Also spelled: Wade Giles: Chia-hsing, Postal map spelling: Kashing.
  2. ^ Patrick Fuliang Shan, “Demythologizing Politicized Myths: A New Interpretation of the Seven Gentlemen Incident,” Frontiers of History in China, vol. 8, No. 1, 2013, 51-77.

External links

Legal offices
Preceded by
none
President of the Supreme People's Court of China
1949 – 1954
Succeeded by
Dong Biwu
Party political offices
Preceded by
Zhang Lan
Chairman of China Democratic League
1956 – 1963
Succeeded by
Yang Mingxuan
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