World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Sidney Lamb

Article Id: WHEBN0023409264
Reproduction Date:

Title: Sidney Lamb  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ferdinand de Saussure
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Sidney Lamb

Sydney MacDonald Lamb (born May 4, 1929, Denver, Colorado) is an American linguist[1] and professor at Rice University, whose stratificational grammar is a significant alternative theory to Chomsky's transformational grammar. He has specialized in Neurocognitive Linguistics and a stratificational approach to language understanding.

Lamb earned his Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley in 1958 and taught there from 1956 to 1964.[1] His dissertation was a grammar of the Uto-Aztecan language Mono, under the direction of Mary Haas and Murray B. Emeneau.[2] In 1964, he began teaching at Yale University before joining the Semionics Associates in Berkeley, California in 1977.[1] Lamb did research in North American Indian languages specifically in those geographically centered o♙California. His contributions have been wide-ranging, including those to historical linguistics, computational linguistics, and the theory of linguistic structure. His work led to innovative designs of content-addressable memory hardware for microcomputers.

Lamb is best known as the father of the relational network theory of language, which is also known as "stratificational theory". Near the turn of the millennium, he began developing the theory further and exploring its possible relationships to neurological structures and to thinking processes. His early work developed the notion of "sememe" as a semantic object, analogous to the morpheme or phoneme in linguistics; it was one of the inspirations of Roger Schank's Conceptual dependency theory, a methodology for representing language meaning directly within the Artificial Intelligence movement of the 1960s/1970s.

In 1999, his book — Pathways of the Brain: The Neurocognitive Basis of Language expressing some of these ideas — was published. See also: "Linguistic and Cognitive Networks" in Cognition: A Multiple View (ed. Paul Garvin) New York: Spartan Books, 1970, pp.195-222. Reprinted in Makkai and Lockwood, Readings in Stratificational Linguistics (1973), pp. 60-83.


External links

  • Language and Brain: Neurocognitive Linguistics
  • Lamb biography

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.