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Sikkimese people

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Title: Sikkimese people  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Sikkim, S. Mahinda, Ranikhola, Uttarakhand Bhotiya, Roro Chu
Collection: Culture of Sikkim, Indian People by Ethnic or National Origin, People from Sikkim
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Sikkimese people

Old Nepali woman

Sikkimese people inhabit the Indian state of Sikkim. The indigenous peoples of Sikkim consist of the Lepcha, migrating from Tibet, Bhutias, descendants of Buddhists who arrived from Tibet in the 15th century, who migrated from the Kham district of Tibet in the 14th century, and Nepali, descendants of Hindus who arrived from Nepal in the 19th century. The current population is approximately 13% Lepcha, 16% Bhutias and 67% Nepali.[1]

The dominant language is Nepali, but other languages include Bhutia, Dzongkha, Groma, Gurung, Kafle, Lepcha, Limbu, Magar, Majhi, Majhwar, Nepal Bhasa, Rai, Sherpa, Sunuwar, Tamang, Thulung, Tibetan, and Yakha.[2][3]

Hinduism is the majority religion in Sikkim, with 60.9% of the population adhering to the religion.[4] Buddhism forms a large minority with 28.1% of the population following the religion.[4] Christians form 6.7% of the population,[4] consisting mostly of people of Lepcha origin, converted to the faith after British missionaries came in the 19th century. Mosques in downtown Gangtok and Mangan serve the Muslim population, which numbers at 1.4% of the population.[4] Many Lepcha follow a syncretic faith based on the pre-Buddhist Mun religion.[5][6][7][8][9][10]

See also


  1. ^ Sikkim People - People of Sikkim, Sikkim People and Lifestyle, Sikkimese People
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b c d Indian Census
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^

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