World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Silene latifolia

Article Id: WHEBN0003066451
Reproduction Date:

Title: Silene latifolia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Silene, Lepidoptera
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Silene latifolia

Silene latifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Silene
Species: S. latifolia
Binomial name
Silene latifolia
  • Lychnis × loveae B. Boivin
  • Lychnis alba Mill.
  • Lychnis divaricata Rchb.
  • Lychnis macrocarpa Boiss. & Reut.
  • Lychnis pratensis Raf.
  • Lychnis vespertina Sibth.
  • Melandrium album (Mill.) Garcke
  • Melandrium boissieri Schischk.
  • Melandrium dioicum subsp. album (Mill.) D. Löve
  • Melandrium eriocalycinum Boiss.
  • Melandrium latifolium (Poir.) Maire
  • Melandrium marizianum Gand.
  • Silene alba (Mill.) E.H.L.Krause
  • Silene dioica A. DC.
  • Silene macrocarpa (Boiss. & Reut.) E.H.L.Krause
  • Silene pratensis Godr.

Silene latifolia (formerly Melandrium album), or White Campion, is a dioecious flowering plant in the family Caryophyllaceae, native to most of Europe, Western Asia and Northern Africa. It is a herbaceous annual, occasionally biennial or a short-lived perennial plant, growing to between 40-80 centimetres tall.

Each petal is deeply notched (Wenas Wildlife Area).
Silene latifolia - MHNT

The appearance depends on the age of the plant; when young they form a basal rosette of oval to lanceolate leaves 4-10 cm long, and when they get older, forked stems grow from these, with leaves in opposite pairs. The flowers grow in clusters at the tops of the stems, 2.5-3 cm diameter, with a distinctive inflated calyx and five white petals, each petal deeply notched; flowering lasts from late spring to early autumn. The entire plant is densely hairy. Occasional plants with pink flowers are usually hybrids with Red Campion (S. dioica).

Habitat and occurrence

White campion grows in most open habitats, particularly wasteland and fields, most commonly on neutral to alkaline soils. Despite the wide array of conditions in which campion can thrive, it prefers sunny areas that have rich and well-drained soil.[2] An example ecoregion of occurrence is in the Sarmatic mixed forests.[3]

It is also named the Grave Flower or Flower of the Dead in parts of England as they are seen often growing on gravesites and around tombstones.

It is naturalised in North America, being found in most of the United States, the greatest concentrations of the plant can be found in the north-central and northeastern sections of the country.[4] S. latifolia is thought to have arrived in North America as a component of ship ballast.

References and external links

  1. ^
  2. ^ Connecticut Botanical Society
  3. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011. "Sarmatic mixed forests". Topic ed. Sidney Draggan. Ed.-in-chief Cutler J.Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment
  4. ^ Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Weeds of The Northeast, (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1997), Pp. 198-199
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.