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Title: Simdega  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Anuj Lugun, South Chotanagpur Division, Khunti, Khunti (Lok Sabha constituency), Panchghagh Falls
Collection: Cities and Towns in Simdega District
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia



Collage of different locations in Simdega
Clockwise - Kelaghagh Dam, Hilly Terrain, District Administration Office
Nickname(s): Nursery of Sports[1]
Simdega  सिमडेगा is located in Jharkhand
Location in Jharkhand, India
Country  India
State Jharkhand
District Simdega
 • Type Municipal Council
 • Body Nagar Parishad
Elevation 418 m (1,371 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 599,813
 • Official Odia, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 835223
Telephone code +91-6525
Vehicle registration JH 20
Website .in.nicsimdega

Simdega is a City in the Indian state of Jharkhand .Simdega is the administrative headquarters of the eponymous District and Subdivision.The city stands at an elevation of approximately 418 metres (1371 feet) above sea level and covers an area of 3,750 square kilometre.Bounded in the north by Gumla , on the east by Ranchi and West Singhbhum, on the west by Jashpur Nagar , Chhattisgarh and on the south by Rourkela , Odisha.[2] It is accessible from every part of India by road through National Highways (National Highway 23 .). The nearest railway station is Rourkela railway station.

Historically, the area was ruled by the Gajapati Kings of Gajapati Kingdom of Kalinga for centuries. The region is culturally an amalgamation of Indigenous and Odia Culture. The influence of Odia culture is significant in the area and the populace. The region also had historical relationship with Emperor Ashoka and Buddhism as evident from archaeological finds in the region.


  • History 1
  • Education 2
  • Health 3
  • Banking and Other Services 4
  • Sports 5
  • Geography 6
  • Demographics 7
  • Land usage details 8
  • Economy 9
    • Iron, minerals and diamond exploration 9.1
  • Transport 10
  • Tourist places 11
    • Kersai 11.1
    • Kelaghagh dam 11.2
    • Ram Rekha Dham 11.3
    • Dangadi 11.4
    • KetungaDham 11.5
    • Rajadera 11.6
    • Bhairo Baba Pahari 11.7
    • Bhanwar Pahar 11.8
    • Mazar of Anjan Peer Saheeb 11.9
    • Tingina 11.10
    • Bandurga 11.11
  • References 12


Simdega erstwhile the Princely Kingdom of Kaisalpur-Birugarh Parganas[3] which was ruled by the King Ganga Vamsi of the Gajapati Royal family of the Gajapati Kingdom for centuries even during the British Colonial era. The Gajapati Royal Family still resides at Biru or Birugarh, situated at a distance of about 11 km from Simdega City on N.H. 23. This region of beautiful plateau is inhabited by the tribal and Odia Communities . The region has always been popular to missionaries, who established Schools, convents, hospitals and parishes on the lands donated by the erstwhile Gajapati Kings and its subordinates. Christian Missionaries especially Society of Jesus helped in spreading the education by establishing several Christian schools in the region.

As located in South Jharkhand, the language has been the sweet Nagpuri - a dialect of Odia language,[4] whose offshoots being Sadri in many forms and adaptability. Odia culture has highly influenced this region. The Odia Kings ruled this area for centuries even during the period of British Raj. The Gajapati Kings of Kaisalpur-Birugarh invited Odia-Brahmin scholars from Odisha to this region and gradually these Odia Brahmins settled in every corner of the Kaisalpur-Birugarh Kingdom, even today in the remotest villages of this region one can trace these Odia Brahmins families. The Gajapati Kings had donated acres of land and even villages and Zamindaris to them.The other Odia communities of this region are Vaishnava, Goldsmith, Mahakud (Gauda or Yadava), blacksmith and Bhuiyan or Rout. The schools of this area has produced some eminent hockey players from this area who have represented India in Olympics and other National and International arena.It is known as cradle of Hockey in Jharkhand.[5]

Development of Simdega is crucial to the development of south Jharkhand. Being in the proximity to Rourkela, Industrial Capital of Odisha,[6] the region is bound to develop and cater to population in southern Jharkhand.


Simdega is steadily emerging as a centre for education at the tertiary level. Christian Missionaries have established good schools in the area in land donated by the erstwhile Gajapati kings of Kaisalpur-Birugarh.Both CBSE and JAC curriculam is being followed at schools in Simdega.

Some of the prominent schools are

  1. St.Mary School
  2. Holy Spirit School
  3. St.Francis School
  4. St. John's School
  5. Ursuline Convent for Girls
  6. St.Anne School
  7. DAV Public School
  8. Gossner Inter College
  9. Kendriya Vidyalaya
  10. SS School
  11. Navodaya School.

College level education is not adequate for the area as there are only two colleges of Ranchi University namely Simdega College[7] which being the constituent college of the university and other affiliated college is S.K. Bage College, Kolebira. There has beein constant demand for improving the higher education in the City.


The city has been making advances in the area of health facilities available to the residents. Apart from the community health centers ('CHC') at various Blocks at the District, there are two government hospital at Simdega namely;[8]

  1. District Hospital -01
  2. Referral Hospital -02

"St. Anne Dispensary and Nursing Home" is being run by the "Daughter of St. Anne" at Samtoli, Simdega Town. Further, Shanti Bhawan Medical Centre a 100 bed super- specialty Hospital at Biru has been established in year 2014 by Calvary Gospel Ministry, USA.[9]

Shanti Bhavan Medical Centre, Biru, Simdega

Banking and Other Services

Banking Services-

The City is well served by various Public Sector Banks as well as Private Sector Banks.

  1. State Bank of India
  2. Central Bank of India
  3. Allahabad Bank
  4. Bank of Baroda
  5. Union Bank
  6. UCO Bank
  7. Punjab National Bank
  8. HDFC Bank
  9. ICICI Bank
  10. IDBI Bank

The city is also well served by ATM of various Banks in and around the City.

Postal Services-

The city has good network of India Post. The Head Post Office is located near Gandhi Maidan, Main Road, Simdega-835223


Simdega is also known as 'Cradle of Hockey' in the state. It have given top notch sportsman at Olympics representing the county. Sylvanus Dung Dung is former olympian who won Gold at 1980 Moscow Olympics in Hockey. Michael Kindo is another olympian winning Bronze at 1972 summer olympics. Asunta Lakra captain of India's women Hockey Team hails from Simdega.[10]

Recently, the city has got an 'Astroturf Hockey Stadium' for budding Hockey players for the area.[11] It has also an outdoor stadium named Albert Ekka Stadium for other sports namely football and cricket.


Simdega is located at .[12] It has an average elevation of 418 metres (1371 feet).


As of 2011 India census,[13] Simdega had a population of 599,813. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%.Average literacy rate in Simdega as per census 2011 is 85.46% being higher than the national average, of which males and females are 89.22% and 81.54% literates respectively.[14]

Simdega is located in a minority concentrated district. Almost , 57 Percent of the Population is Christian. Amongst this , 32.90 Percent are Roman Catholic and the rest 23.40 percent adhere to Lutheranism.[15] The concentration of Christian population is highest in all regions of Jharkhand. Hindu's consist of 33 Percent of the Population.Muslim Population consist of 10 Percent of the Population.

Land usage details

Cultivable land: 1,34,024.33 hect. Irrigated : 16,367 hect. Un-irrigated : 1,17,657.33 hect.

Main crops : Paddy, Maize, Wheat, Groundnut,Black Gram(Urad).

Main forest produces: Mahua, Chironji, Kusum seeds, Sal seeds, Tendu leaves

Major industry : Agriculture and Limestone Mining

Main Rivers : Sankh River, Chinda River and Palamara River


Economy of Simdega is primarily based on Agriculture and Agriculture allied activities like lac production and animal husbandry. The area has Animal husbandry farms for poultry, Emu, Ducks and pigs. The main crop of simdega being Paddy, Maize, Corn. The region has fertile soil for cultivation of various fruits and vegetables which are consumed locally through local farmers market, giving emphasis to locally grown and sourced produce.

ATMA ( Agriculture Technology Management Agency)[16] is located in Simdega which gives education and training to local entrepreneurs about latest and scientific agricultural techniques including Animal Husbandry, Lac Production and Honey production.

Simdega's proximity to highly industrialized area of Odisha provides the area with benefits of being closer to major Industrial Hub and Industrial Capital of Odisha. Simdega economy is dependent upon these Industrial Hubs in Odisha.

Iron, minerals and diamond exploration

Geological Survey of India (GSI) has undertaken exploration of Diamonds in Sankh River bed in Simdega. GSI has identified Simdega to have huge Diamond Deposits in Jharkhand .De Beers and Jindal Group have identified Simdega for Diamond exploration and mining in Jharkhand.[17][18][19][20] Mittal Steel Company has earmarked the Koilebeira area, some 25 km from Simdega, to establish Steel Plant in Jharkhand[21][22]


Simdega is located in the south-western part of the state of Jharkhand. As far as its border is concerned, it is surrounded by Gumla district in the north, Khunti and West Singhbhum in the east, Chhattisgarh state in the west, and Odisha state in the south.

Simdega being at the intersection of Jharkhand-Odisha-Chattisgarh has huge potential to establish itself as a logistics hub. It serves also as transit point for Logistics and Motorists travelling to Rourkela or Jaspur and Ambikapur.

By road

Passenger buses and Non Stop buses run regularly from Ranchi, Gumla, Lohardaga, Sasaram and Rourkela(Orrisa).

  1. Simdega to Ranchi - 150 km.
  2. Simdega to Gumla - 77 km.
  3. Simdega to Rourkela (Odisha) - 77 km.
  4. Simdega to Gaya (Bihar)- 320 km.
By air

Nearest airport is Rourkela. Other nearby airports are Ranchi and Bhuvneshwar.

By rail
  • Railway facility is not enough in Simdega district. Only two blocks (Bano and Jaldega) of Simdega district are connected via railway line. These blocks lie between the Ranchi-Rourkela rail route. It has been proposed that Simdega City should be connected with the Railway network of the Indian Railways.

Tourist places

Simdega has tremendous potential for development of tourism. Its scenic beauty, beautiful landscapes full of greenery coupled with very pleasant climate can attract both domestic as well as foreign tourists. Ram Rekhadham, Dangadi, Kelaghat, Ketungadham, Bandurga, Birugarh, Rajadera, Bhanwarpahar are the main places of interest.


Kersai is a lovely and wonderful scenically place. It is situated in block Kersai. A beautiful village scenario attracts the visitors. It is developed as picnic spot such as Dangaddi, AlooPahar, Sangam . It is 45 km from simdega, and 25 km from Bolba.

Kelaghagh dam

Kelaghagh dam is the most beautiful dam on Chhinda river in Simdega. The dam is surrounded by multiple hills which attracts tourists very much. There facility of boating through motor boats and para-sailing. Kelaghagh dam also has a guest house for tourist accomodation.

Kelaghagh Dam, Simdega

Ram Rekha Dham

Ramrekha Dham is the most important tourist destination this area. It is situated at a picturesque place on top of a hill and every year there is a big fair during Kartik Purnima. It is said, that Lord Rama along with Sita and brother Laxman has visited this place and has left his mark (Foot prints)there. Some archaeological structures like agni kund, charan paduka, sita chulha, gupt ganga etc. shows that during Banwas period they followed this path.The Kaisalpur-Birugarh Royal family discovered and developed this place.

Ramrekha Dham in Simdega


Dangadi is a lovely and wonderful scenically place. It is situated in block Bolba. A beautiful waterfall attracts the visitors. It is developed as picnic spot. It is 45 km from simdega and 25 km from Kersai.


Ketunga Dham situated in Bano Block is very important historical place. The archaeological survey of India points out this place as the Land Of Buddha Period. At Ketunga Dham many statue of Buddha were found. It is said that King Ashoka (Maurya Emperor) established these statues while returning to Pataliputra after the Kalinga war.


Rajadera is situated in Thethaitanger Block. There exists beautiful and small waterfalls on Chhinda river. The field of sand attracts every one for a picnic.

Bhairo Baba Pahari

Bhairo Baba Pahari is a cave situated in Phulwatanger village of Simdega Block. The Cave looks like a living body.

Bhanwar Pahar

Bhanwar Pahar is in Kolebira Block. Here lots of Black bees (Bhanwara) found and it is said Bhanwar Pahar due to this. In ancient age these flies were used as the soldiers. It is very similar to Himachal Pradesh. Flowers of GULAITCHI on the small hill is nature's gift to villagers living in the small houses on the hill. A small Natural pond exists in between the stones on the hill. It is surprising to see the pond full of water in all seasons. Looking the ground from the top of the small hill is a great feeling. One can feel the natural airconditioning system inside the cave on Bhanwar Pahaar.

Mazar of Anjan Peer Saheeb

The mazar of Anjaam Peer Saheeb is inside the premises of Kolebira police station. This is a great symbol of harmony, social policing and perhaps a single example of a mazar inside a Police Station. Every Year Uras Mela is organised here, and people of all communities participate and pray for peace.


Tingina can be said the 'Ashok Vatika' of Simdega. Here no other trees except Ashoka Tree exists. It is a great gift of nature to the villagers of Tingina in Jaldega Block.


Bandurga is the holy place of Goddess of Shakti and situated in Bolba Block. This place is also a natural picnic spot.


  1. ^ 
  2. ^ "District Profile". District Administration, Simdega. October 4, 2015. Retrieved October 4, 2015. 
  3. ^ "District Profile". 
  4. ^ "The Oriya Language | about | language". Retrieved 2015-10-04. 
  5. ^ "Simdega lives to play hockey". 
  6. ^ = Rourkela the Industrial Capital of India "Rourkela Industrial Capital of Odisha" . 
  7. ^ "Simdega College". Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  8. ^ "District Profile- Health". Government. 
  9. ^
  10. ^ "Asunta Lakra, a symbol of tribal hope". 
  11. ^ "Chak de on Astroturf - Simdega's present to future Asuntas & Dungdungs". 
  12. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Simdega
  13. ^
  14. ^ "Simdega District Urban/Rural 2011". 
  15. ^ "Simdega- Statistics". 
  16. ^ "Agriculture Technology Management Agency Simdega". 
  17. ^ "De Beers unveils mining blueprint". 
  18. ^ "History of Diamond mining in Jharkhand and Chattisgarh". 
  19. ^ "GSI spots diamond reserve". 
  20. ^ "Jharkhand may reap diamond harvest - Deccan Herald - Internet Edition". Retrieved 2015-10-09. 
  21. ^ "ArcelorMittal renews commitment to set up a steel plant in Jharkhand". 
  22. ^ "Non-tribals hold key to Torpa steel project". 
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