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Simon Singh

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Title: Simon Singh  
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Subject: Richard Wiseman, Good Thinking Society, The Infinite Monkey Cage, The Amaz!ng Meeting, Anita Anand
Collection: 1964 Births, Alumni of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, Alumni of Imperial College London, Critics of Alternative Medicine, English People of Indian Descent, English Sceptics, English Science Writers, Fellows of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry, Living People, Mathematics Writers, Members of the Order of the British Empire, People Associated with Cern, People Educated at Wellington School, Somerset, People from Wellington, Somerset, Punjabi People, Recreational Cryptographers, The Doon School Faculty
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Simon Singh

Simon Lehna Singh
Singh in 2013 at the Merseyside Skeptics Society
Born (1964-09-19) 19 September 1964
Somerset, England
Nationality English
Institutions CERN
Alma mater Emmanuel College, Cambridge
Imperial College London
Thesis Heavy flavour physics at the CERN PP̄ collider (1991)
Known for Journalism, Libel campaign BCA v. Singh,[1] Books and Broadcasting
Notable awards Science Writing Award (2006)
Kelvin Prize (2008)
HealthWatch Award (2014)
Order of the British Empire
Spouse Anita Anand (m. 2007)
Children 1

Tom Singh (brother)

Simon Lehna Singh, MBE (born 19 September 1964) is a British popular science author whose works largely contain a strong mathematical element. His written works include Fermat's Last Theorem (in the United States titled Fermat's Enigma: The Epic Quest to Solve the World's Greatest Mathematical Problem),[2][3] The Code Book[4] (about cryptography and its history), Big Bang[5] (about the Big Bang theory and the origins of the universe), Trick or Treatment? Alternative Medicine on Trial[6] (about complementary and alternative medicine, co-written by Edzard Ernst) and The Simpsons and Their Mathematical Secrets (about mathematical ideas and theorems hidden in episodes of The Simpsons and Futurama).[7] In 2012 Singh founded the Good Thinking Society.[8]

Singh has also produced documentaries and works for television to accompany his books, is a trustee of NESTA, the National Museum of Science and Industry and co-founded the Undergraduate Ambassadors Scheme.


  • Education 1
  • Career 2
  • Chiropractic lawsuit 3
  • Bibliography 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


Singh's parents emigrated from Punjab, India to Britain in 1950. He is the youngest of three brothers, his eldest brother being Tom Singh, the founder of the UK New Look chain of stores. Singh grew up in Wellington, Somerset, attending Wellington School, and went on to Imperial College London, where he studied physics. He was active in the student union, becoming President of the Royal College of Science Union.[9] Later he completed a PhD degree in particle physics at Emmanuel College, Cambridge and at CERN, Geneva.[10]


Simon Singh signing a book for a fan, Brisbane 23 May 2005.
Book Fermat's Last Theorem signed by the author.

In 1983, he was part of the UA2 experiment in CERN.[11] In 1987, Singh taught science at The Doon School, the independent all-boys' boarding school in India.[12] In 1990 Singh returned to England and joined the BBC's Science and Features Department, where he was a producer and director working on programmes such as Tomorrow's World and Horizon. Singh was introduced to Richard Wiseman through their collaboration onTomorrow's World. At Wiseman's suggestion, Singh directed a segment about politicians lying in different mediums, and getting the public's opinion on if the person was lying or not.

After attending some of Wiseman's lectures, Singh came up with the idea to create a show together, and Theatre of Science was born. It was a way to deliver science to normal people in an entertaining manner. Richard Wiseman has influenced Singh in such a way that Singh states:

Singh directed his BAFTA award-winning documentary about the world's most notorious mathematical problem entitled "Fermat's Last Theorem" in 1996. The film was memorable for its opening shot of a middle-aged mathematician, Andrew Wiles, holding back tears as he recalled the moment when he finally realised how to resolve the fundamental error in his proof of Fermat's Last Theorem. The documentary was originally transmitted in October 1997 as an edition of the BBC Horizon series. It was also aired in America as part of the NOVA series. The Proof, as it was re-titled, was nominated for an Emmy Award.

The story of this celebrated mathematical problem was also the subject of Singh's first book, Fermat's last theorem. In 1997, he began working on his second book, The Code Book, a history of codes and codebreaking. As well as explaining the science of codes and describing the impact of cryptography on history, the book also contends that cryptography is more important today than ever before. The Code Book has resulted in a return to television for him. He presented The Science of Secrecy, a five-part series for Channel 4. The stories in the series range from the cipher that sealed the fate of Mary, Queen of Scots, to the coded Zimmermann Telegram that changed the course of the First World War. Other programmes discuss how two great 19th century geniuses raced to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphs and how modern encryption can guarantee privacy on the Internet.

On his activities as author he said in an interview to Imperial College London:

Big Bang, one of the physics books by Simon Singh.

In October 2004, Singh published a book entitled Big Bang, which tells the history of the universe. It is told in his trademark style, by following the remarkable stories of the people who put the pieces together.

In 2003, Singh was made a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) for services to science, technology and engineering in education and science communication.[15] In the same year he was made Doctor of Letters (honoris causa) by Loughborough University, and in 2005 was given an honorary degree in Mathematics by the University of Southampton.

Simon Singh speaks to Richard Wiseman on the Edinburgh International Science Festival (2014).

He continues to be involved in television and radio programmes, including A Further Five Numbers (BBC Radio 4, 2005). He made headlines in 2005 when he criticised the Katie Melua song "Nine Million Bicycles" for inaccurate lyrics referring to the size of the observable universe. Singh proposed corrected lyrics, though he used the value of 13.7 billion light years; accounting for expansion of the universe, the comoving distance to the edge of the observable universe is 46.5 billion light years.[16][17] BBC Radio 4's Today programme brought Melua and Singh together in a radio studio where Melua recorded a tongue-in-cheek version of the song that had been written by Singh.[18]

In 2006, he was awarded an honorary Doctor of Design degree by the University of the West of England
Singh speaking at TAM London in October 2009
This was followed up by his receipt of the Kelvin Medal from the Institute of Physics in 2008, for his achievements in promoting Physics to the general public.[20] In July 2008, he was also awarded a degree of Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa) by Royal Holloway, University of London.[21] In July 2011, he was awarded another degree of Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa) by the University of Kent for services to Science. In June 2012, Singh was awarded the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Science (honoris causa) for his contribution to science communication, education and academic freedom by The University of St Andrews.[22]

Simon was part of an investigation about Sense About Science.[11][23] In the investigation, a student asked ten homeopaths for an alternative to her preventative malaria medication. All ten homeopaths recommended homeopathy as a substitute.[24] This investigation was reported by the BBC.[25]

Simon is a member of the Advisory Council for the Campaign for Science and Engineering.[26] He is the inaugural recipient of the Lilavati Award.[27] In February 2011 he was elected as a Fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry.[28]

Chiropractic lawsuit

Protest before the Royal Courts of Justice on the Strand, central in London
Simon Singh approaches The Royal Courts of Justice

In 19 April 2008, The Guardian published Singh's column "Beware the Spinal Trap",[29][30] an article that was critical of the practice of chiropractic and which resulted in Singh being sued for libel by the British Chiropractic Association (BCA).[31] The article developed the theme of the book that Singh and Edzard Ernst had published, Trick or Treatment? Alternative Medicine on Trial, and made various statements about the lack of usefulness of chiropractic "for such problems as ear infections and infant colic":

When the case was first brought against him, The Guardian supported him and funded his legal advice, as well as offering to pay the BCA's legal costs in an

  • Undergraduate Ambassadors' Scheme, co-founded by Simon Singh
  • Simon Singh: No miracle cure for junk science
  • Archive of Happy Families, a British Chiropractic Association brochure that claimed “chiropractic care ... helped children” with asthma, bedwetting and baby colic, claims Dr. Singh took issue with, all ending in a lawsuit.
  • Transcript of Court of Appeal judgment on leave to appeal, 14 October 2009.
  • Ten Questions that BCA Members Should Now Be Asking, an analysis of the legal and practical position that BCA members are in as a result of the lawsuit, by Jack of Kent.
  • Chiropractors Try to Silence Simon Singh
  • Simon Singh: The five most important numbers in mathematics
  • Simon Singh: Another five numbers
  • Simon Singh: A further five numbers
Radio shows

External links

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  12. ^ There’s math in Simpsons, Simon says - Hindustan Times
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  14. ^ The Simon Singh interview Imperial College, 1999
  15. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 56963. p. 22. 14 June 2003.
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  29. ^ a b reinstated on 15 April 2010
  30. ^ Comment is Free, The Guardian
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  33. ^ Martin Robbins. Furious backlash from Simon Singh libel case puts chiropractors on ropes. "One in four chiropractors in Britain are under investigation as a result of campaign by Singh supporters." The Guardian, 1 March 2010
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[39] must show that they suffer serious harm before the court will accept the case. Additional protection for website operators, defence of 'responsible publication on matters of public interest' and new statutory defences of truth and honest opinion are also part of the key areas of the new law.plaintiffs and became law. The purpose of the reformed law of defamation is to 'ensure that a fair balance is struck between the right to freedom of expression and the protection of reputation'. Under the new law, Royal Assent’s Queen Elizabeth II received Defamation Act 2013 On 25 April 2013 the [1] making manifesto commitments to libel reform.2010 UK general election To defend himself for the libel suit, Singh's out-of-pocket legal costs were tens of thousands of pounds, but the trial has acted as a catalyst and focus for libel reform campaigners resulting in all major parties in the [38] On 15 April 2010, the BCA officially withdrew its lawsuit, ending the case.[37] On 1 April 2010, Simon Singh won his court appeal for the right to rely on the defence of fair comment.[36] noting that the case had gathered wide support for Singh, as well as prompting calls for the reform of English libel laws.Nature Medicine and [35][34]

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