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Sivasamudram Falls

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Sivasamudram Falls

Shivanasamudra Kaveri Falls
File:Barahachukki.jpg
Shivanasamudra Kaveri Falls
Location Mandya District, Karnataka, India
Coordinates

12°17′38″N 77°10′05″E / 12.294°N 77.168°E / 12.294; 77.168Coordinates: 12°17′38″N 77°10′05″E / 12.294°N 77.168°E / 12.294; 77.168

Type Segmented
Total height 98 metres (322 ft)
Number of drops Gaganachukki, Bharachukki
Watercourse Kaveri River
Average
flow rate
934 cubic metres/s (33,000 cubic ft/s)

Shivanasamudra (Kannada: ಶಿವನಸಮುದ್ರ) is a small town in the Mandya District of the state of Karnataka, India. It is situated on the banks of the river Kaveri, which forms here the boundary to the Chamarajanagar District, and is the location of one of the first Hydro-electric Power stations in Asia, which was set up in the year 1902.[1]

Waterfalls

The Shivanasamudra Falls is on the Kaveri River after the river has wound its way through the rocks and ravines of the Deccan Plateau and drops off to form waterfalls.[2] The island town of Shivanasamudra divides the river into twin waterfalls. This creates the fourth largest island in the rivers course. A group of ancient temples are located here and there likely was a village.

This is a segmented waterfall. Segmented waterfalls occur where the water flow is broken into two or more channels before dropping over a cliff, resulting in multiple side by side waterfalls. It has an average width of 305 meters, a height of 98 m, and an average volume of 934 cubic meters / sec. The maximum recorded volume is 18,887 cubic meters / sec. It is a perennial waterfall. The time of best flow are the monsoon season of July to October.[3]

A common misconception about these waterfalls are that the left segment is called Bangalore.

Power generation

Asia's second hydro-electric power station after Sidrapong is located at the waterfall and is still functional. This station was commissioned by the Diwan of Mysore, Sir K. Seshadri Iyer. The power generated here was initially used in Kolar Gold Fields. Thus, Kolar Gold Fields became after Darjeeling the second town in Asia to get hydro electricity.

Gallery

Notes

External links

  • Template:-inline
  • Sivasamudram Map
  • Cauvery or Sivasamudram Falls
  • Travel Guide Shivanasamudra
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