World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Skender Vakuf / Kneževo

Article Id: WHEBN0025788528
Reproduction Date:

Title: Skender Vakuf / Kneževo  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Čelinac
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Skender Vakuf / Kneževo

Kneževo
Skender Vakuf

Coordinates: 44°28′16″N 17°22′44″E / 44.47111°N 17.37889°E / 44.47111; 17.37889Coordinates: 44°28′16″N 17°22′44″E / 44.47111°N 17.37889°E / 44.47111; 17.37889

Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Government
 • Mayor Bore Škeljić (SDS) [1]
Population (1991)
 • Total 3,759
 • Municipality 19,418
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 51
Website Official Kneževo Municipality Website

Kneževo is a town and municipality in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. It lies about 40 kilometres (25 mi) south-east of Banja Luka and is part of the Republika Srpska entity. In 1992, during the Bosnian War, the town was renamed from Skender Vakuf (approx. "Skender's Endowment") to Kneževo ("Prince's Town")[2] as part of the "language war"[3] or "linguistic cleansing".[4] (The old, "Bosnian" name remains in use in some circles,[5] but is not mentioned once on the municipality's home page.) Part of the municipality was split off to form the municipality of Dobretići in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina entity.

The area was settled already in the Roman era, as is indicated by the remains of Roman Basilicas in Imljani and Javorani, and remains of the Roman road from Servitium (Banja Luka) to Levsaba (Travnik) were also found in the vicinity. Tombstones of Stećak type date back into the 14th/15th century, when the area was part of the Kingdom of Bosnia. The most famous are from the 17th and 18th centuries. In 1463 the town became part of the Ottoman Empire and Islam was to become the dominant religion of the region. The charitable endowment (vakuf) that is reflected in the town's traditional name Skender Vakuf (after Ali-dedo Skender) contributed to urbanization.[6] The Old Mosque was significant and one of the first in the region. It was destroyed, along with the New Mosque, in the Bosnian War in 1992. A significant holy site of Islam is also nearby, in Ajvatovica.

Geography

Kneževo is located between the rivers Ugar, Vrbas and Vrbanja and surrounded by the mountain chains of Čemernica, Ranča in the west, Vlašić in the south and Ježica in the north-east. The municipality has an official altitude of 864 metres (2,835 ft), but really ranges from 600 to 1,493 metres (1,969 to 4,898 ft). Kneževo is 50 kilometres (31 mi) southeast of Banja Luka by the M56 motorway.

Neighbouring municipalities are Čelinac (extreme north), Kotor Varoš (east), Travnik, Dobretići, Jajce (south), Mrkonjić Grad and the city of Banja Luka (west). The southern border is defined by the border of the Republika Srpska with the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the country's other entity. The mountainous region in the south is forested and impracticable; its limestone mountains reach a height of 1,493 metres (4,898 ft).

The municipality is subdivided into Javorani, Bastaji, Kneževo, Živinice, Imljani, Vlatković, Mokri Lug, Šolaji and Kostici. Since 1995 the former south-western subdivisions of Davidovići, Dobretići, Kričići and Melina are part of the municipality of Dobretići in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Demographics

Municipality

-
Ethnic Composition
Year Serb  % Croats  % Bosniaks  % Yugoslavs  % Others  % Total
1961 8,564 93.12% 19 0.21% 560 6.09% 28 0.89% 19 0.21% 9,190
1971 15,926 74.35% 4,431 20.69% 947 4.42% 9 0.04% 106 0.49% 21,419
1981 15,953 69.52% 5,395 23.51% 1,141 4.97% 322 1.40% 141 0.61% 22,948
1991 13,263 68.30% 4,770 24.56% 1,071 5.52% 169 0.87% 145 0.75% 19,418
Note:After 1961 the municipal borders changed. The municipality became significantly larger.

After the war majority of old Skender Vakuf municipality became part of Republic of Srpska, as Kneževo. Part of the municipality which included four Croatian settlements (almost all of Croatian population in prewar municipality) became part of Federation of Bosnia - Hercegovina is new municipality - Dobretići.

Town

Ethnic Composition
Year Serb  % Croats  % Bosniaks  % Yugoslavs  % Others  % Total
1961 383 38.61% 16 1.61% 560 56.45% 28 2.82% 5 0.50% 992
1971 723 42.83% 17 1.01% 923 54.68% 5 0.30% 20 1.18% 1,688
1981 1,491 51.24% 45 1.55% 1,118 38.42% 205 7.04% 51 1.75% 2,910
1991 2,484 66.08% 42 1.12% 1,063 28.28% 111 2.95% 59 1.57% 3,759

Settlements


Until 1991

Bastaji, Bokani, Borak, Bregovi, Brnjići, Bunar, Čarići, Ćukovac, Davidovići, Dobratići, Donji Orašac, Golo Brdo, Gornji Orašac, Imljani, Javorani, Kobilja, Kostići, Kričići - Jejići, Melina, Mijatovići, Milaševci, Mokri Lug, Paunovići, Pavlovići, Prisika, Rađići, Skender Vakuf, Slipčevići, Šolaji, Vitovlje Malo, Vlatkovići, Vukovići, Zapeće, Zasavica, Zubovići i Živinice.

Since 1995

Bastaji, Bokani, Borak, Bregovi, Čarići, Ćukovac, Golo Brdo, Imljani, Javorani, Kobilja, Kostići, Malići, Mokri Lug, Paunovići, Rađići, Kneževo (Skender Vakuf), Šolaji, Vlatkovići i Živinice.

References

External links

  • Official Municipality Website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.