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Slovak Air Force

Slovak Air Force
Slovak Air Force emblem
Active 1939–1945
1993–Present
Country  Slovakia
Allegiance NATO
Size 25 aircraft
10 helicopters
3.200 personnel
Commanders
Air Force Commander Brigadier General Miroslav Korba[1]
Insignia
Roundel
Low-visibility Roundel
Aircraft flown
Attack L-39ZAM, Mi-17M
Fighter MiG-29AS/UBS
Trainer L-39CM
Transport An-26, L-410, Mi-17M

The Slovak Air Force, known since 2002 as the Air Force of the Armed Forces of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Vzdušné Sily Ozbrojených Síl Slovenskej Republiky), is the aviation and air defense branch of the Slovak Armed Forces. Operating 25 aircraft and 10 helicopters from 3 air bases : Malacky - Kuchyňa, Sliač, Prešov. It succeeded the Czechoslovak Air Force together with the Czech Air Force in 1993. The Slovak Air Force is part of NATO Integrated Air Defense System - NATINADS.[2][3][4][5][6]

The Slovak Air Force is tasked with the defense of the sovereign Slovak state and the support of the nation's ground troops.[7] Twelve Russian upgraded fighter aircraft MiG-29[8][9][10][11][12] together with seven modernized basic and light advanced trainers Aero L-39 dominate the inventory, followed by the Let L-410 and Antonov An-26 transport aircraft.[13] The helicopter fleet consists of the ten Mil Mi-17.[14]Eight Mil Mi-24 were withdrawn from service on September 20, 2011. The Slovak Air Force has been under the command of Brigadier General Miroslav Korba since September 15, 2012.[15][16][17][18][19][20]

Contents

  • History 1
    • 1939-1945 1.1
    • 1946-1992 1.2
    • 1993-2014 1.3
  • Bases and Commands 2
  • Aircraft Inventory 3
  • Retired aircraft of the Slovak Air Force 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

1939-1945

After the division of Czechoslovakia by Nazi Germany in 1939, Slovakia was left with a small air force composed primarily of Czechoslovak combat aircraft. This force defended Slovakia against Hungary in 1939, and took part in the invasion of Poland in support of Germany. During the World War II, the Slovak Air force was charged with the defense of Slovak airspace, and, after the invasion of Russia, provided air cover for Slovak forces fighting against the Soviet Union on the Eastern Front. While engaged on the Eastern Front, Slovakia’s obsolete biplanes were replaced with German combat aircraft, including the Messerschmitt Bf 109. The air force was sent back to Slovakia after combat fatigue and desertion had reduced the pilots' effectiveness. Slovak air units took part in the Slovak National Uprising against Germany from late August 1944.[21][22] Although the rebel forces were defeated by Nazi Germany, guerrilla warfare continued until the Soviet Army occupied Slovakia in 1945.[23]

1946-1992

During this time Czechoslovakia was a member of the Eastern Bloc, allied with the Soviet Union, and from 1955 a member of the Warsaw Pact. Because of this, the Czechoslovak Air Force used Soviet aircraft, doctrines, and tactics. The types of aircraft were mostly MiGs. MiG-15, MiG-19, and MiG-21F fighters was produced in license; in the 1970s, MiG-23MF were bought, accompanied by MiG-23ML and MiG-29s in the 1980s.

During the 1980s and early 1990s, the Czechoslovak Air Force consisted of the 7th Air Army, which had air defense duties, and the 10th Air Army, responsible for ground forces support.[24] The 7th Air Army had two air divisions and three fighter regiments, and the 10th Air Army had two air divisions and a total of six regiments of fighters and attack aircraft. There were also two reconnaissance regiments, two transport regiments, three training regiments, and two helicopter regiments.

In November 1989 Communism fell across Czechoslovakia. The two parliaments of the two new states from 1993, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, decided how to split the assets of the former air force. The assets were divided 2:1 in the Czechs' favor, and thus the Slovak Air Force was (re)formed. However the 20 MiG 29s were shared equally between the two countries. [25]

1993-2014

After the formal dissolution of Czechoslovakia on January 1, 1993, Czech and Slovak aircraft were divided according to each nation's population, in a ratio of nearly 2:1 in the Czech Republic's favor.[26] The exceptions to this rule were the

  • Official Homepage of the Slovak Air Force
  • Slovak Ministry of Defence page on the Slovak Air Force(en, sk)
  • Home page of Slovakia's 1 Fighter Squadron(en, sk)
  • Home page of 2nd Training Squadron, AFB Sliac(en,sk)
  • Website of the former Slovak Flight demonstration team(en, sk)
  • Website of the disbanded Slovak Military Flight Academy(sk)
  • Scramble on the Web page for the Slovak Air Force(en)
  • Aeroflight World Airforces on Slovakia(en)
  • Eagles of the Tatras: The Slovak Airforce 1939 - 1945(en)

External links

  1. ^ http://www.parlamentnykurier.sk/kur217a218-13/16.pdf
  2. ^ "The ambitions of the Slovak armed forces. Theory and reality."
  3. ^ "Trends in Slovak Republic military spending"
  4. ^ Východiská strategického hodnotenia obrany Slovenskej republiky 2011"
  5. ^ http://www.ucps.sk/subory/Prilohy_rychle_aktuality/vychodiska_strategickeho_hodnotenia_obrany_sr.doc
  6. ^ "Na obranu pôjde v roku 2014 jedno percento HDP" 10 October 2013
  7. ^ The Military Balance 2014"., February 05, 2014.
  8. ^ " Abonentná zmluva na prevádzku lietadiel MiG-29 na roky 2011-2016" December 3, 2011
  9. ^ http://aero.sme.sk/c/5963587/slovenske-vzdusne-sily-sa-este-stale-musia-spoliehat-na-stroje-z-komunizmu.html
  10. ^ http://www.sme.sk/c/6921201/stihacky-mig29-su-vyrabovane-smer-zvazuje-prenajom.html
  11. ^ http://www.sme.sk/c/6928400/piloti-stihaciek-pravdepodobne-odlietaju-menej-hodin-ako-bol-plan.html
  12. ^ http://www.webnoviny.sk/slovensko/glvac-podava-trestne-oznamenie-za-z/724741-clanok.html?from=section_article
  13. ^ "Holes in Central European Skies" 23 October 2013
  14. ^ Zoznam lietadiel Vzdušných síl Slovenskej republiky
  15. ^ Biela kniha o obrane SR 2013"
  16. ^ http://www.webnoviny.sk/slovensko/ozbrojene-sily-nemaju-prakticke-kroky/709707-clanok.html
  17. ^ http://www.webnoviny.sk/rozhovory/cerovsky-ozbrojene-sily-su-vo-velm/503362-clanok.html
  18. ^ "Ročenka MO SR 2012"
  19. ^ "Ročenka MO SR 2013"
  20. ^ "Commander of the Slovak Air Force Brigadier General Miroslav Korba"
  21. ^ http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/avia_slovakuprising.htm
  22. ^ Slovak Insurgent Air Force
  23. ^ List of World War II aces from Slovakia
  24. ^ ed David Oliver, Eastern European Air Power, No 3 in the AFM Airpower Series, Key Publishing Ltd, Stamford, Lincs, 1990-91, p.38-41
  25. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/europe/sk-air-force-equipment.htm
  26. ^ Ed. David Donald.The Pocket Guide to Military Aircraft and the World's Air Forces. Ed. David Donald. London:Hamlyn. 2001 ISBN 0-600-60302-4
  27. ^ Slovak Air Arms
  28. ^ http://www.europeanleadershipnetwork.org/the-conventional-imbalance-and-debate-on-russian-non-strategic-nuclear-weapons_462.html
  29. ^ http://www.scramblemagazine.nl/orbats/slovakia
  30. ^ "Situácia na Ukrajine 2013" 12 December 2013
  31. ^ http://presov.korzar.sme.sk/c/6064088/vrtulniky-mi-24-vzlietli-v-presove-naposledy.html
  32. ^ http://www.aktuality.sk/clanok/207764/vojakov-je-menej-za-desat-rokov-klesol-ich-pocet-o-8000/
  33. ^ "Nie je obrana už dávno v kríze?!" 24 April 2011
  34. ^ http://www.natoaktual.cz/obrana-po-slovensky-alebo-armada-kam-ta-to-dovedu-f6d-/na_analyzy.aspx?c=A110829_083313_na_analyzy_m02
  35. ^ http://www.defensenews.com/article/20140113/DEFREG01/301130017/Slovakia-Plans-Acquire-Fighter-Jets
  36. ^ http://www.svd.se/naringsliv/slovakien-intresserat-av-gripen_8899020.svd
  37. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/26739/russia-to-upgrade-slovakian-mig-29s
  38. ^ http://www.webnoviny.sk/slovensko/clanok/814846-minister-glvac-odpisal-sovietske-migy-opravy-by-stali-vela/
  39. ^ http://ekonomika.sme.sk/c/7195940/slovenska-armada-je-zavisla-od-ruskych-dodavok.html
  40. ^ http://spravy.pravda.sk/domace/clanok/315452-armada-si-planuje-prenajat-stihacky/
  41. ^ http://www.mosr.sk/minister-of-defence-of-the-slovak-republic/
  42. ^ http://airheadsfly.com/2014/07/28/slovakia-wants-gripen-from-2016/
  43. ^ http://en.rsi.rtvs.sk/clanok/rubriky/news/top-deal-of-the-slovak-army-goes-to-sweden?currentPage=1
  44. ^ http://www.expressen.se/nyheter/uppgifter-slovakien-valjer-jas-gripen/
  45. ^ http://www.netky.sk/clanok/nove-stihacky-pre-nasu-armadu-zabezpecia-svedi
  46. ^ http://www.defensenews.com/article/20140728/DEFREG01/307280009/Saab-Eyes-Other-Markets-After-Dropping-Denmark-Bid
  47. ^ http://www.defensenews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=2014307200012
  48. ^ http://vladimirbednar.blog.sme.sk/c/359915/gripeny-podla-sucasneho-mo-dalsie-znizovanie-obranyschopnosti-sr.html
  49. ^ http://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/slovakia-creeps-closer-to-gripen-agreement-403222/
  50. ^ http://hn.hnonline.sk/stihacky-gripen-26667
  51. ^ http://www.touchdown-aviation.com/reports/2010/slovak-air-force.php
  52. ^ http://www.scramblemagazine.nl/orbats/slovakia
  53. ^ " V Kuchyni má armáda 10 lietadiel a takmer 500 zamestnancov"
  54. ^ http://aviation-safety.net/database/airport/airport.php?id=LZMC
  55. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/facility/malacky.htm
  56. ^ http://jetphotos.net/showphotos.php?location=Malacky%20Air%20Base%20-%20LZMC
  57. ^ http://aviation-safety.net/database/airport/airport.php?id=SLD
  58. ^ "World Air Forces 2013". Flightglobal Insight. 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  59. ^ World Air Forces 2014 10 December 2013
  60. ^ "Defence Statistics 2013" 1 August 2013
  61. ^ Defence Statistics 2014" 15 May, 2014
  62. ^ http://www.praguepost.com/eu-news/38144-ln-czech-slovaks-to-connect-their-fighter-squadrons
  63. ^ http://www.hlavnespravy.sk/m-glvac-slovensko-by-si-mohlo-stihacky-prenajimat/59302/
  64. ^ http://www.webnoviny.sk/slovensko/slovensko-by-mohlo-mat-viac-bojaschopn/622398-clanok.html
  65. ^ http://www.webnoviny.sk/slovensko/rezort-obrany-zvazuje-dalsiu-prevadz/666717-clanok.html
  66. ^ http://www.sme.sk/c/6921201/glvac-podava-trestne-oznamenie-za-upadok-migov-za-galka.html
  67. ^ http://www.aktuality.sk/clanok/235591/glvac-obvinil-galka-kvoli-stihackam-mig-29/
  68. ^ http://spravy.pravda.sk/domace/clanok/303450-glvac-v-januari-sa-rozhodne-o-buducnosti-stihaciek/
  69. ^ http://hn.hnonline.sk/slovensko-119/glvac-sa-mrtvych-stihaciek-nezbavil-600463
  70. ^ http://www.pluska.sk/plus7dni/zaujalo-nas/lietajuci-srot.html
  71. ^ http://www.sme.sk/c/6410928/bojaschopnych-stihaciek-mame-len-zopar.html
  72. ^ http://www.teraz.sk/slovensko/glvac-slovensko-stihacky-prenajom/69716-clanok.html
  73. ^ "Slovakian L-39 Albatros"
  74. ^ http://www.webnoviny.sk/slovensko/armada-ma-vacsinu-pozemnej-techniky/693026-clanok.html
  75. ^ http://www.topky.sk/cl/10/1386901/Slovenske-letectvo-malo-ostre-cvicenie--VIDEO-nasich-armadnych-MiGov-v-boji-
  76. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/45015/slovakia-to-replace-ageing-antonov-transports-with-c-27j-spartans
  77. ^ http://www.mosr.sk/33307-sk/bezpecnostna-rada-sr-aj-vlada-schvalili-nakup-taktickych-dopravnych-lietadiel-spartan-c-27-j/
  78. ^ http://www.sme.sk/c/7465451/armada-kupila-spartany-vyjdu-nas-na-69-milionov-dalsich-25-dame-za-vycvik.html
  79. ^ http://www.mosr.sk/data/disk/docs/Section_2_C_27J_Spartan_Capabilities.pdf
  80. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/42608/slovakian-c-27j-contract-imminent
  81. ^ http://airheadsfly.com/2013/11/28/peru-selects-c-27j-spartan/
  82. ^ http://www.sme.sk/c/7240245/glvac-ma-pripravenu-prvu-splatku-na-vojenske-lietadlo-spartan.html
  83. ^ http://www.sme.sk/c/7228975/na-armadu-maju-ist-stamiliony-glvac-rozbieha-obrovske-nakupy.html?ref=avizocl
  84. ^ http://www.webnoviny.sk/slovensko/obrazom-armada-ma-nove-lietadla-kr/667082-clanok.html?from=newest_articles
  85. ^ http://www.webnoviny.sk/slovensko/clanok/771896-armada-zacne-riesit-obmenu-vrtulnikov-avizuje-martin-glvac/
  86. ^ http://www.praguepost.com/czech-news/41352-nato-exercises-begin-in-czech-republic
  87. ^ Pravda - Armáda kupila bezpilotné lietadlá
  88. ^ http://www.plrb.mil.sk/300/
  89. ^ http://www.vvzs.mil.sk/35257/?pg=1
  90. ^ http://www.sme.sk/c/2209169/kauza-predaja-bojovych-stihaciek-mig-21-po-52-tisic-sa-ma-uzavriet-do-konca-roka.html
  91. ^ http://airheadsfly.com/2013/08/22/survival-of-the-fitter/
  92. ^ http://www.sme.sk/c/6916493/slovenska-armada-predava-osem-vyradenych-vrtulnikov.html
  93. ^ http://www.sme.sk/c/7394149/armada-predala-tri-prebytocne-bojove-vrtulniky-mi-24.html

References

See also

Slovakian Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21MF June 1997

Retired aircraft of the Slovak Air Force

Aircraft Photo Origin Type Versions Number[58][59][60][61] Notes
Fighter Aircraft
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 Fulcrum  Russia Fighter
Trainer
MiG-29AS
MiG-29UBS
7
1
Delivered in 1995. Only 6 MiG-29´s (5 MiG-29 AS and 1 MiG-29 UBS) are airworthy. Will be replaced until 2016 by 8 to 14 JAS-39 Gripen.[62][63][64][65][66][67][68][69][70][71][72]
Trainer Aircraft
Aero L-39 Albatros  Czechoslovakia Light attack
Trainer
L-39ZAM
L-39CM
4
4
One L-39CM are being overhauled in LOT Trenčín.[73][74][75]
Transport Aircraft
C-27J Spartan  Italy Transport C-27J 2 Delivery in 2016-2017.[76][77][78]
Antonov An-26 Curl  Ukraine Transport An-26 1 Delivered in 1983. Will be replaced after 2016 by two C-27J Spartan.[79][80][81][82][83]
Let L-410 Turbolet  Czech Republic Transport L-410 UVP-E20
L-410 UVP-E14
L-410 FG
4
2
1
Used for light transport, photogrammetry, parachute training and VIP transport. Delivered between 2009 - 2013.[84]
Helicopters
Mil Mi-17 Hip  Russia Transport
SAR
Mi-17M
Mi-17 LZPS
6
4
Delivered between 1987 - 1988. Will be replaced after 2016 probably by 10 new utility helicopters.[85][86]
UAV
Elbit Skylark  Israel UAV Skylark 5 Currently in possession of Ministry of Interior and 5th regiment of special assignment.[87]
SAM systems
S-300 PMU
 USSR
Long range air defense system SA-10B 1 battery Delivered in 1985. Operational range 75 kilometres (47 mi). Battery have 48 missiles of type 5V55KD.[88]
2K12 Kub
 USSR
Low to medium range air defense system SA-6 4 batteries Delivered in 1980. Operational range 24 kilometres (15 mi). One battery have 12 missiles of type 2K12M3.[89]

Aircraft Inventory

Command, Control and Surveillance Brigade (Brigáda velenia, riadenia a prieskumu), based at Zvolen

  • 2nd Anti-aircraft Rocket Group (2. Protilietadlová raketová skupina, Nitra): SA-6 Gainful (2K12 Kub 2M)
  • 1st Anti-aircraft Rocket Group (1. Protilietadlová raketová skupina, Nitra): SA-10B Grumble (S-300 PMU)

Anti-aircraft Rocket Brigade (Protilietadlová raketová brigáda), based at Nitra

  • 1st Training and SAR Squadron (1. Výcviková a LPZS letka): Mi-17 LZPS
  • 2nd Transport Helicopter Squadron (2. Dopravná vrtuľníková letka): Mi-17M

Helicopter Wing (Vrtuľníkové krídlo), based at Prešov

  • 2nd Squadron (2. Letka): L-39CM, L-39ZAM
  • 1st Squadron (1. Letka): MiG-29AS, MiG-29UBS

Mixed Wing (Zmiešané krídlo), based at Sliač[57]

  • 2nd Transport Flight (2. Dopravný roj): L-410
  • 1st Transport Flight (1. Dopravný roj): An-26

Transport Wing (Dopravné krídlo), based at Malacky-Kuchyňa[53][54][55][56]

Headquarters of Slovak Air Force (Veliteľstvo Vzdušných síl OS SR), based at Zvolen[52]

Aviation assets are divided between three major air bases throughout the country, at Malacky-Kuchyňa, Sliač, and Prešov. The headquarters of the air force is at Zvolen.[51]

Air bases of the Slovak Air Force

Bases and Commands

On August 30, 2014 the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Sweden have signed a letter of intent agreeing to co-operate on using the Saab Gripen fighter – paving the way for a potential Slovakian acquisition of the aircraft.[49][50]

On July 28, 2014 Slovakian Minister of Defence Martin Glváč[41] confirmed that JAS-39 Gripen was selected as new fighter for Slovak Air Force.[42][43][44][45][46][47][48]

On April 21, 2014 Slovakia and RAC MiG signed a contract for a 3 years modernization programme for their MiG-29.[37][38][39][40]

On January 2014, Slovakia started discussions with the Swedish Government regarding leasing or purchasing JAS-39 Gripen aircraft to replace their MiG-29 fighters.[35][36]

On September 20, 2011 all of the remaining Mil Mi-24 were retired.[31][32][33][34]

On January 19, 2006 the Slovak Air Force lost an Antonov An-24 in a crash.

[30][29] In 2004, the flight training academy and national aerobatic demonstration team Biele Albatrosy, both based at Košice, were disbanded.[28].MiG-21, and Su-25, Su-22 Around 2000-2002, Slovakia gradually retired many of the older aircraft, including the entire fleet of [27]

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