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Slovenian Territorial Defence

Territorial Defense of the Republic of Slovenia
Teritorialna obramba Republike Slovenije
Founded 1990
Disbanded 1994
Headquarters Ljubljana
Commander-in-Chief President Milan Kučan (1990-1994)
Minister of Defense Janez Janša (1990-1994)
Chief of staff Janez Slapar (1991-1993)
Albin Gutman (1993-1994)
Military age 15
Conscription Yes
Related articles
History Slovenian War of Independence

The Territorial Defense of the Republic of Slovenia, also known as the Territorial Defense of Slovenia (TO RS, TOS) was the predecessor of the Slovenian Armed Forces. It was named after the Yugoslav Territorial Defense.


  • History 1
  • Command 2
  • Organization 3
  • Equipment 4
    • Small arms 4.1
    • Aircraft 4.2
  • References 5
  • See also 6


After the 1968 Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, the Yugoslav political Summit adopted the doctrine of General People's Defence[1] and established the Territorial Defence Forces. After the victory of the democratic political party in Slovenia in 1990, the central government in Belgrade ordered disarmament of TO Slovenia, a decision that was effectively ignored. Many weapons subsequently disappeared from supply depots and were later issued to the initial territorial defence units of the Republic of Slovenia.


TO headquarters were established on November 20, 1968. The early development of this military command was almost exclusively in the hands of Slovenian officers. However, after 1974, TO staff positions were increasingly given to Serb JNA officers. This was due to an increasing distrust towards the TO by Serb politicians, who feared the growing democratic leanings of some republics. In 1990, the Territorial Defence Republic Headquarters was violently occupied by the federal army. After this incident, Slovenia designated a new headquarters, who took command of the Slovenian Army. May 1991 marked the opening of the first military training centres in Ig, Ljubljana; and Pekre and Maribor. The first draftees were sworn in on June 2nd.


The command language in TO was Slovenian, and this itself was organized in the form of an ancillary impact force to the JNA. After 1990 it was organized as a separate army, which was finally formed in the months before independence, in accordance with the Slovenian Constitution, which had already been adopted in 1990.


Small arms


Aircraft Photo Origin Type Versions In service[2] Notes
UTVA-75  Yugoslavia trainer 14 Left by YPA
SOKO SA 341 Gazelle    Yugoslavia transport 1 defected from YPA
Bell 206 JetRanger  United States utility helicopter 3
Bell 412  United States utility helicopter 1  
Let L-410 Turbolet    Czech Republic transport 1 Added in 1994
Agusta AW109  Italy fast VIP transport A109A Mk II 1  


  1. ^ About the Slovenian Armed Forces
  2. ^ "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.

See also

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