World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Slurry pipeline

Article Id: WHEBN0000051013
Reproduction Date:

Title: Slurry pipeline  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pipeline transport, Cominco Resources, Minas-Rio, Edward J. Wasp, Savage River, Tasmania
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Slurry pipeline

A slurry pipeline is used in mining to transport mineral concentrate from a mineral processing plant near a mine.


The concentrate of the ore is mixed with water and then pumped over a long distance to a port where it can be shipped for further processing. At the end of the pipeline, the material is separated from the slurry in a filter press to remove the water. This water is usually subjected to a waste treatment process before disposal or return to the mine. Slurry pipelines offer an economic advantage over railroad transport and much less noise disturbance to the environment, particularly when mines are in extremely remote areas.

Pipelines must be suitably engineered to resist abrasion from the solids as well as corrosion from the soil. Some of these pipelines are lined with high-density polyethylene (HDPE).

Typical materials that are transferred using slurry pipelines include coal, copper, iron, and phosphate concentrates, limestone, lead, zinc, nickel, bauxite and oil sands.

Slurry pipelines are also used to transport tailings from a mineral processing plant after the ore has been processed in order to dispose of the remaining rocks or clays.

For oil sand plants, a mixture of oil sand and water may be pumped over a long distance to release the bitumen by ablation. These pipelines are also called hydrotransport pipelines.

The 85 km Savage River Slurry pipeline in Tasmania, Australia, was possibly the world's first slurry pipeline when it was built in 1967. It includes a 366m bridge span at 167m above the Savage River. It carries iron ore slurry from the Savage River open cut mine owned by Australian Bulk Minerals and was still operational as of 2011.[1][2]

One of the longest slurry pipelines was to be the proposed ETSI pipeline, to transport coal over a distance of 1036 miles (1675 km). It was never commissioned. It is anticipated that in the next few years some long distance slurry pipelines will be constructed in Australia and South America where mineral deposits are often a few hundred kilometers away from shipping ports.

A 525 km slurry pipeline is planned for the Minas-Rio iron ore mine in Brazil.[3]

Slurry pipelines are also being considered to de-silt or remove silts from deposits behind dams in man-made lakes. After the Hurricane Katrina disaster there were proposals to remedy the environment by pumping silt to the shore. Proposals have also been made to de-silt Lake Nubia-Nasser in Egypt and Sudan by slurry pipelines, as Egypt is now deprived of 95% of its alluvium, which used to arrive every year. These projects to remedy the environment might alleviate one of the major problems associated with large dams and man-made lakes.

Essar Steel India limited owns two 250 km+ slurry pipelines in India. 1. Kirandul-Vishkhapatnam slurry pipeline. 2. Dabuna - Paradeep pipeline.

See also

Coal slurry pipeline


  1. ^ "The Savage River Slurry Pipeline - The Australian Pipeliner". January 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-07. 
  2. ^ "Savage River Pipeline Bridge -". 2009-12-17. Retrieved 2011-05-07. 
  3. ^ "Project Profiles, Minas-Rio". 2010-12-12. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 

External references

  • Baha Abulnaga - "Slurry Systems Handbook" - McGraw-Hill 2002.
  • Bonapace, A.C. A General Theory of the Hydraulic Transport of Solids in Full Suspension
  • Ravelet, F., Bakir, F., Khelladi, S., Rey, R. (2012). Experimental study of hydraulic transport of large particles in horizontal pipes. Experimental thermal and fluid science.
  • Ming, G., Ruixiang, L., Fusheng, N., Liqun, X. (2007). Hydraulic Transport of Coarse Gravel—A Laboratory Investigation Into Flow Resistance.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.