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Smother play

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Title: Smother play  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Devil's coup, Glossary of contract bridge terms, Trump coup, Snapdragon double, Stayman convention
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Smother play

Smother play in contract bridge is a type of endplay where an opponent's apparent trump trick goes away.


The situation can be best illustrated with the following end-position:
K 6


W               E


10 9 8
North to lead Q J

Spades are trumps, and the lead is in the North (dummy) hand, declarer needing 2 tricks. It appears that the declarer is fated to take just one more trick with the Ace of spades. However, if the declarer leads dummy's diamond, pitching a heart (loser on loser play) (as does West), East gains the trick and has to lead something at trick 12. Whichever card he leads, South will play his trump and West's king is "smothered" – whatever spade he plays, South will take the last two tricks.

Smother play can be executed only when the victim's partner is on lead, because it requires that the declarer ruffs in one hand, and decides whether to overruff with the other.

See also

Further reading

  • Choked By The Smother Play, Charles Goren, Sports Illustrated, May 16, 1966
  • An Unusual Smother Play In a Board-a-Match Event, Alan Truscott, New York Times, 10 March 1986
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