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Sodium percarbonate

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Title: Sodium percarbonate  
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Sodium percarbonate

Sodium percarbonate
Names
IUPAC name
sodium carbonate—hydrogen peroxide (2/3)
Other names
sodium carbonate sesquiperhydrate, PCS, solid hydrogen peroxide, Sodium carbonate hydrogen peroxide, sodium carbonate peroxyhydrate
Identifiers
 Y
ChemSpider  Y
EC number 239-707-6
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem
RTECS number FG0750000
UNII  N
Properties
Na2CO3·1.5H2O2
Molar mass 156.982 g/mol
Appearance white solid
150 g/l
Hazards
Main hazards Irritant, Oxidizer
Flash point Non-flammable
Related compounds
Other anions
Sodium carbonate
Sodium bicarbonate
Other cations
Calcium percarbonate
Magnesium percarbonate
Related compounds
Sodium perborate
Sodium persulfate
Sodium perphosphate
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 N  (: Y/N?)

Sodium percarbonate is a chemical, an adduct of sodium carbonate and hydrogen peroxide (a perhydrate), with formula 2Na2CO3 · 3H2O2. It is a colorless, crystalline, hygroscopic and water-soluble solid.[1] It is used in some eco-friendly cleaning products and as a laboratory source of anhydrous hydrogen peroxide.

This product contains the carbonate anion, and should not be confused with sodium peroxocarbonate Na2CO4 or peroxodicarbonate Na2C2O6, which contain different anions.

Sodium percarbonate was first prepared in 1899 by Russian chemist Sebastian Moiseevich Tanatar (Севастьян Моисеевич Танатар) (7 October 1849, Odessa, Russia — 30 November 1917, Odessa, Russia).[2]

Contents

  • Structure 1
  • Production 2
  • Uses 3
  • Commercial products 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Structure

At room temperature, solid sodium percarbonate has the orthorhombic crystal structure, with the Cmca crystallographic space group. The structure changes to Pbca as the crystals are cooled below about −30 °C.[3]

Production

Sodium percarbonate is produced industrially by reaction of sodium carbonate and hydrogen peroxide, followed by crystallization. Also, dry sodium carbonate may be treated directly with concentrated hydrogen peroxide solution. World production capacity of this compound was estimated at several hundred thousand tonnes for 2004.[4] It can be obtained in the laboratory by treating the two substances in aqueous solution with proper control of the pH[5] or concentrations.[3]

Uses

As an oxidizing agent, sodium percarbonate is an ingredient in a number of home and laundry cleaning products, including non-chlorine bleach products such as OxiClean, Tide laundry detergent,[1] and Vanish.[6] Dissolved in water, it yields a mixture of hydrogen peroxide (which eventually decomposes to water and oxygen) and sodium carbonate ("soda ash").[1]

2Na2CO3.3H2O2 → 2Na2CO3 + 3H2O2 [6]

Sodium percarbonate can be used in

  • Organic Chemistry Portal: Sodium percarbonate
  • Record in the Household Products Database of NLM

External links

  1. ^ a b c Craig W. Jones (1999). Applications of hydrogen peroxide and its derivatives.  
  2. ^ S. Tanatar (1899) "Percarbonate," Berichte der Deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin, 32 : 1544-1546.
  3. ^ a b R. G. Pritchard and E. Islam (2003). "Sodium percarbonate between 293 and 100 K".  
  4. ^ Harald Jakob, Stefan Leininger, Thomas Lehmann, Sylvia Jacobi, Sven Gutewort (2005), "Peroxo Compounds, Inorganic",  
  5. ^ J. M. Adams and R. G. Pritchard (1977). "The crystal structure of sodium percarbonate: an unusual layered solid".  
  6. ^ a b "Oxygen-based bleaches", The Royal Society of Chemistry, and Reckitt Benckiser (the manufacturers of Vanish)
  7. ^ McKillop, A (1995). "Sodium perborate and sodium percarbonate: Cheap, safe and versatile oxidising agents for organic synthesis". Tetrahedron 51 (22): 6145.  

References

Commercial products

[7]

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