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Solar eclipse of January 1, 1889

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Title: Solar eclipse of January 1, 1889  
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Subject: Solar Saros 120, List of solar eclipses in the 19th century, 1889 in science, Solar Saros 110, Solar Saros 112
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Solar eclipse of January 1, 1889

Solar eclipse of January 1, 1889
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.8603
Magnitude 1.0262
Maximum eclipse
Duration 2m 17s
Coordinates 36.7N 137.6W
Max. width of band 175 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 21:16:50
Saros 120 (54 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9255

A total solar eclipse occurred on January 1, 1889. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.

It was visible across western United States, and central Canada. Partiality was visible across the northern Pacific ocean including Hawaii, and all of the United States.

Observations and predictions

A drawing of map of path across the western United States and central Canada

Photograph from Norman, California.

Related eclipses

Saros 120

It is a part of Saros cycle 120, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on May 27, 933 AD, and reached an annular eclipse on August 11, 1059. It was a hybrid event for 3 dates: May 8, 1510, through May 29, 1546, and total eclipses from June 8, 1564, through March 30, 2033. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on July 7, 2195. The longest duration of totality was 2 minutes, 16 seconds on August 12, 1654.[1]

Series members 55–65 occur between 1901 and 2100:
55 56 57

January 14, 1907

January 24, 1925

February 4, 1943
58 59 60

February 15, 1961

February 26, 1979

March 9, 1997
61 62 63

March 20, 2015

March 30, 2033

April 11, 2051
64 65

April 21, 2069

May 2, 2087


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  • NASA chart graphics
    • Googlemap
    • NASA Besselian elements
  • Foto of Solar Corona January 1, 1889
  • Total Eclipses of the Sun, By Mabel Loomis Todd, 1894, new and revised edition by David P. Todd, 1900. [1]
  • Eclipse of June 1, 1889. Contact print from the original glass negative. Lick Observatory Plate Archive, Mt. Hamilton. [January 1, 1889?!]
  • On the solar eclipse of January 1, 1889 Holden, E. S., Journal: The Observatory, Vol. 12, p. 130-134 (1889)
  • The Total Solar Eclipse of January 1 Nature 39, 487-488 (21 March 1889)
  • C.E. Watkins photo / eclipse / lick observatory 1889?, The J. Paul Getty Museum, Object Number: 88.XM.92.83
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