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Solar eclipse of May 17, 1882

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Title: Solar eclipse of May 17, 1882  
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Subject: Solar Saros 126, 1882 in science, Solar eclipses, Solar Saros 110, Solar Saros 112
Collection: 1882 in Science, 19Th-Century Solar Eclipses, Solar Eclipses, Total Solar Eclipses
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Solar eclipse of May 17, 1882

Solar eclipse of May 17, 1882
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.3269
Magnitude 1.02
Maximum eclipse
Duration 1m 50s
Coordinates 38.4N 61.6E
Max. width of band 72 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 7:36:27
References
Saros 126 (40 of 72)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9239

A total solar eclipse occurred on May 17, 1882. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.

Totality was visible across central Africa, the Middle East, and southeastern Asia.

Contents

  • Observations 1
  • Related eclipses 2
    • Saros 126 2.1
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

Observations

A party of observers gathered in Egypt to watch the eclipse were greatly surprised when they observed a bright streak near to the Sun once totality began. By a remarkable coincidence, the eclipse had coincided with the perihelion passage of a Kreutz comet. The comet would otherwise have gone unnoticed — its sighting during the eclipse was the only observation of it. Photographs of the eclipse revealed that the comet had moved noticeably during the 1m50s eclipse, as would be expected for a comet racing past the Sun at almost 500 km/s. The comet is sometimes referred to as Tewfik, after Tewfik Pasha, the Khedive of Egypt at the time.[1]

Related eclipses

Saros 126

It is a part of Saros cycle 126, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on March 10, 1179. It contains annular eclipses from June 4, 1323 through April 4, 1810 and hybrid eclipses from April 14, 1828 through May 6, 1864. It contains total eclipses from May 17, 1882 through August 23, 2044. The series ends at member 72 as a partial eclipse on May 3, 2459. The longest duration of central eclipse (annular or total) was 5 minutes, 46 seconds of annularity on November 22, 1593. The longest duration of totality was 2 minutes, 36 seconds on July 10, 1972.[2]

Series members 39-49 occur between 1901 and 2100:
39 40 41

June 8, 1918

June 19, 1936

June 30, 1954
42 43 44

July 10, 1972

July 22, 1990

August 1, 2008
45 46 47

August 12, 2026

August 23, 2044

September 3, 2062
48 49

September 13, 2080

September 25, 2098

Notes

  1. ^ Marsden, Brian G. (1967). "The sungrazing comet group". The Astronomical Journal 72 (9): 1170–1183.  
  2. ^ Solar_Saros_series_126, accessed October 2010

References

  • NASA graphic
    • Googlemap
    • NASA Besselian elements
  • Sketchs of Solar Corona May 17, 1882
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