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Solar eclipse of May 29, 1919

 

Solar eclipse of May 29, 1919

Solar eclipse of May 29, 1919
From the report of Sir Arthur Eddington on the expedition to the island of Principe (off the west coast of Africa).
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma -0.2955
Magnitude 1.0719
Maximum eclipse
Duration 6m 51s
Coordinates 4.4N 16.7W
Max. width of band 244 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 13:08:55
References
Saros 136 (32 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9326

A total solar eclipse occurred on May 29, 1919. With a maximum duration of totality of 6 minutes 51 seconds, it was one of the longest solar eclipses of the 20th century. It was visible throughout most of South America and Africa as a partial eclipse. Totality occurred through a narrow path across central Brazil after sunrise, across the Atlantic ocean and into south central Africa ending near sunset in eastern Africa.

Contents

  • Observations 1
  • Related eclipses 2
    • Solar eclipses 1916–1920 2.1
    • Saros 136 2.2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

Observations

Total solar eclipse of May 29-1919, as emulated by program Celestia version 1.5.1 under KDE 3.5.10 release 21.13.1, operating system SuSe Linux 11.1. All systems under free licence (GPL).

This eclipse was photographed from the expedition of Sir Arthur Eddington to the island of Principe (off the west coast of Africa). Positions of star images within the field near the Sun were used to test Albert Einstein's prediction of the bending of light around the sun from his general theory of relativity.[1]

Related eclipses

Solar eclipses 1916–1920

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.

Solar eclipse series sets from 1916-1920
Ascending node   Descending node
111 December 24, 1916

Partial
116 June 19, 1917

Partial
121 December 14, 1917

Annular
126 June 8, 1918

Total
131 December 3, 1918

Annular
136 May 29, 1919

Total
141 November 22, 1919

Annular
146 May 18, 1920

Partial
151 November 10, 1920

Partial

Saros 136

Solar Saros 136, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, contains 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on Jun 14, 1360, and reached a first annular eclipse on September 8, 1504. It was a hybrid event from November 22, 1612, through January 17, 1703, and total eclipses from January 27, 1721 through May 13, 2496. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on July 30, 2622, with the entire series lasting 1262 years. The longest eclipse occurred on June 20, 1955, with a maximum duration of totality at 7 minutes, 8 seconds.[2]

Series members 29–42 occur between 1865 and 2100:
28 29 30

April 25, 1865

May 6, 1883
31 32 33

May 18, 1901

May 29, 1919

Jun 8, 1937
34 35 36

Jun 20, 1955

Jun 30, 1973

Jul 11, 1991
37 38 39

Jul 22, 2009

Aug 2, 2027

Aug 12, 2045
40 41 42

Aug. 24, 2063

Sep. 3, 2081

Sep. 14, 2099

Notes

  1. ^ F. W. Dyson, A. S. Eddington, and C. Davidson, "A Determination of the Deflection of Light by the Sun's Gravitational Field, from Observations Made at the Total Eclipse of May 29, 1919" Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Containing Papers of a Mathematical or Physical Character (1920): 291–333, on 332.
  2. ^ SEsaros136 at NASA.gov

References

  • NASA chart and statistics
  • Fotos of Solar Corona May 29, 1919
  • Wired.com: May 29, 1919: A Major Eclipse, Relatively Speaking
  • Famous Eclipse of 1919
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