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Solar eclipse of May 3, 1715

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Title: Solar eclipse of May 3, 1715  
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Subject: Solar Saros 114, List of solar eclipses in the 18th century, 1715 in science, Irish Sea, May 3
Collection: 1715 in Science, 18Th-Century Solar Eclipses, Solar Eclipses, Total Solar Eclipses
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Solar eclipse of May 3, 1715

Solar eclipse of May 3, 1715
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.7112
Magnitude 1.0632
Maximum eclipse
Duration 4m 14s
Coordinates 59.4N 17.9E
Max. width of band 295 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 9:36:30
References
Saros 114 (60 of 72)
Catalog # (SE5000) 8826

A total solar eclipse occurred on May 3, 1715. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.

This total eclipse was visible across England, northern Europe, and northern Asia.

Contents

  • Observations 1
  • Related eclipses 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Observations


Observations from Cambridge, England, drawing of the corona around the eclipsed sun.

A predictive map made by Halley for the path of the Moon's umbral shadow

Edmond Halley
This animation shows the eclipse path over England and northern Europe.
The wide (faint) shadow shows for the penumbra (partiality), and the smaller dark shadow shows for the umbra (totality).

This total solar eclipse was observed in England from Cornwall in the south-west to Lincolnshire and Norfolk in the east.

This eclipse is known as Halley's Eclipse, after Edmond Halley (1656–1742) who predicted this eclipse to within 4 minutes accuracy. Halley observed the eclipse from London where the city of London enjoyed 3 minutes 33 seconds of totality. He also drew a predictive map showing the path of totality across England. The original map was about 30 km off the observed eclipse path. After the eclipse, he corrected the eclipse path, and added the path and description of the 1724 total solar eclipse.

Note: Great Britain didn't adopt the Gregorian calendar until 1752, so the date was considered 22 April 1715.

Related eclipses

It is a part of solar Saros 114.

See also

References

  • NASA chart graphics
  • Googlemap
  • NASA Besselian elements

External links

  • Total Eclipses of the Sun, By Mabel Loomis Todd, 1894, new and revised edition by David P. Todd, 1900. [1]
  • Halley's eclipse Hans van der Meer's Eclipse Page
  • [2] Halley is credited with the first eclipse map showing the path of the Moon's shadow across England during the upcoming total eclipse of 1715.
  • Halley's Maps and Descriptions of the 1715 Total Solar Eclipse
  • [3] [4] Edmund Halley, Observations of the Late Total Eclipse of the Sun on the 22d of April Last Past, Made before the Royal Society at Their House in Crane-Court in Fleet-Street, London. by Dr. Edmund Halley, Reg. Soc. Secr. with an Account of What Has Been Communicated from Abroad concerning the Same, Phil Trans R Soc 1714 29: 245-262.
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