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Solar eclipse of September 14, 2099

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Title: Solar eclipse of September 14, 2099  
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Subject: Solar Saros 136, Solar eclipse of April 1, 2098, Solar eclipse of March 21, 2099, Solar eclipse of September 4, 2100, Solar eclipse of October 4, 2070
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Solar eclipse of September 14, 2099

Solar eclipse of September 14, 2099
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.3942
Magnitude 1.0684
Maximum eclipse
Duration 5m 18s
Coordinates 23.4N 62.8W
Max. width of band 241 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 16:57:53
References
Saros 136 (42 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9732

A total solar eclipse will occur on September 14, 2099. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.

Visibility

It will begin at sunrise off the western coast of Canada, and move eastern across Canada (British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan) and the northern states of the United States (North Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Ohio, the Virginias, and North Carolina) and end in the Atlantic ocean. Partiality will be visible throughout North America and South America including all of Brazil.

The total eclipse will pass through the cities of Minneapolis, Minnesota, Madison, Wisconsin, and Grand Rapids, Michigan. The last total solar eclipse over Madison was May 16, 1379,[1][2] and the last total solar eclipse visible over Grand Rapids was April 18, 1558[3]

Related eclipses

Solar eclipses 2098-2100

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.
121 April 1, 2098

Partial
126 September 25, 2098

Partial
131 March 21, 2099

Annular
136 September 14, 2099

Total
141 March 10, 2100

Annular
146 September 4, 2100

Total

Saros 136

Solar Saros 136, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, contains 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on Jun 14, 1360, and reached a first annular eclipse on September 8, 1504. It was a hybrid event from November 22, 1612, through January 17, 1703, and total eclipses from January 27, 1721 through May 13, 2496. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on July 30, 2622, with the entire series lasting 1262 years. The longest eclipse occurred on June 20, 1955, with a maximum duration of totality at 7 minutes, 8 seconds.[4]

Series members 29–42 occur between 1865 and 2100:
28 29 30

April 25, 1865

May 6, 1883
31 32 33

May 18, 1901

May 29, 1919

Jun 8, 1937
34 35 36

Jun 20, 1955

Jun 30, 1973

Jul 11, 1991
37 38 39

Jul 22, 2009

Aug 2, 2027

Aug 12, 2045
40 41 42

Aug. 24, 2063

Sep. 3, 2081

Sep. 14, 2099

Inex series

This eclipse is a part of the long period inex cycle, repeating at alternating nodes, every 358 synodic months (≈ 10,571.95 days, or 29 years minus 20 days). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee). However, groupings of 3 inex cycles (≈ 87 years minus 2 months) comes close (≈ 1,151.02 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

Inex series members between 1901 and 2100:

January 14, 1926
(Saros 130)

December 25, 1954
(Saros 131)

December 4, 1983
(Saros 132)

November 13, 2012
(Saros 133)

October 25, 2041
(Saros 134)

October 4, 2070
(Saros 135)

September 14, 2099
(Saros 136)

Notess

  1. ^ Madison's Eclipse Drought by John Rummel
  2. ^ http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/5MCSEmap/1301-1400/1379-05-16.gif
  3. ^ JavaScript Solar Eclipse Explorer by NASA
  4. ^ SEsaros136 at NASA.gov

References

  • Earth visibility chart and eclipse statistics Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA/GSFC
    • Google interactive map
    • Besselian elements
  • HermitEclipse: USA Eclipse Bonanza


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