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Southern Chakavian

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Title: Southern Chakavian  
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Subject: South Slavic languages, Chakavian dialect, Jakubinskij's law, Middle Chakavian
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Southern Chakavian

Southern Chakavian (

  1. REDIRECT ) or Ikavian Chakavian is a subdialect of the Chakavian dialect of Serbo-Croatian. It is spoken in the area to the south of the Middle Chakavian area, in a narrow strip of Croatian Littoral and the neighbouring islands: outskirts of Split and Zadar; Korčula, Pelješac, Brač, Hvar, Vis and Šolta.

Speech of the major Croatian city Split belongs to this dialect, but under the influence of Shtokavian immigrants and standard Croatian promoted by the state media, a local idiom developed which lost many of characteristic Chakavian traits, even though a part of older population retains Chakavian dialect in their speech.

Lots of speeches of this dialect mix Chakavian and Shtokavian features. It is assumed that in the past this dialect covered larger territory in the hinterland, being gradually suppressed by constant migrations who carried Shtokavian speech at its cost.

Common Slavic yat phoneme had a reflex of /i/ in this dialect. Thus we have lip, divojka, mriža, as opposed to Standard Croatian (Neo-Shtokavian) lijȇp, djèvōjka, mrȅža, all descending from earlier Proto-West-South-Slavic forms *lěpъ, *děvojka, *mrěža.

Molise Croatian also belongs to this dialect, which is Western Shtokavian with Ikavian accent, but with a massive Chakavian adstratum.


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