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Spanish cruiser Navarra (1923)

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Subject: German submarine U-760, Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, List of broadsides of major World War II ships, Blas de Lezo-class cruiser, Spanish cruiser Almirante Cervera, List of retired Spanish Navy ships
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Spanish cruiser Navarra (1923)

For the 19th-century ship, see Spanish cruiser Navarra.
Career (Spain)
Name: Reina Victoria Eugenia (1915-1931)
Republica (1931-1936)
Navarra (1936-1956)
Laid down: 1915
Launched: 21 April 1920
Completed: 15 January 1923
Fate: Retired in 1956
General characteristics
Class & type: Navarra-class light cruiser
Displacement: 5,502 long tons (5,590 t) standard
6,348 long tons (6,450 t) full load
Length: 462 ft (141 m)
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draught: 15 ft 9 in (4.80 m)
Propulsion: 2 shafts, Parsons Type geared turbines, 12 Yarrow Type boilers, 25,500 hp
Speed: 25.5 knots (47.2 km/h)
Range: 4,500 nmi (8,300 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h)
Complement: 404
Armament: • 9 × 6-inch (152 mm) guns in single mountings
• 4 47mm guns
• 4 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes (2x2) above water
Armour: 3 - 2 inch belt, 3 inch deck, 6 inch conning tower

Navarra was a cruiser serving the Spanish Navy from 1923 to 1956. Construction on Reina Victoria Eugenia—the ship's original name—began in 1915 by Sociedad Española de Construcción Naval in Ferrol. The design showed considerable British design influence resembling contemporary British Town-class cruisers. The boilers were re-arranged into three rooms to give three funnels. The ship was renamed Republica in 1931 and assumed the name Navarra in 1936.

Service

The ship was ordered as the Reina Victoria Eugenia (named after Queen consort Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg), laid down in 1915, launched 21 April 1920 and completed on 15 January 1923. She was flagship of the Spanish squadron during the Rif war. After the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic in 1921 she became part of the Spanish Republican Navy and was renamed Republica.[1]

At the start of the Spanish civil war in 1936 she was being refitted in Cadiz and was seized by the Nationalist side. The refit included replacing the old coal-fired boilers with oil fired units. A new superstructure was added, one funnel was removed and six 6-inch guns were moved to the centre line (four guns were removed). Four German 88mm AA guns were also fitted and the torpedo tubes removed.

The ship had limited war service and was used as a training ship until retirement in 1956. When in service during the Spanish Civil War, Navarra was nicknamed "Sigamos a la flota" ("Follow the fleet"), after Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers' film, because it was much slower than the two other surviving Nationalist cruisers (Canarias and Almirante Cervera).

References

  • Whitley MJ. Cruisers of World War 2: an International Encyclopedia
  • Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946
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