World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

St Michael's Isle

Article Id: WHEBN0000360145
Reproduction Date:

Title: St Michael's Isle  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of places in the Isle of Man, List of islands of the Isle of Man, Battle of Ronaldsway, Derbyhaven, Isle of Man Airport
Collection: Islands of the Isle of Man
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

St Michael's Isle

St Michael's Chapel
Derby Fort
St Michael's Isle

St Michael's Isle (Manx: Ellan Noo Mael or Ynnys Vaayl), popularly referred to as Fort Island, is an island of the Isle of Man in Malew parish, noted for its attractive ruins. It covers an area of 5.14 hectares (12.7 acres),[1] is about 400 metres (440 yd) long [2] from west to east, and is connected to the Langness Peninsula, Derbyhaven by a narrow causeway. The island itself is made of rocky slate and the soil is very acidic.[1] Nevertheless, it has important communities of maritime plants.[3]

There is evidence for human activity on the island from the Mesolithic period onwards [3] and there are two ancient buildings situated on the isle. Both are in a state of ruin and closed to the public, though there are a number of walks which allow visitors to explore the surroundings.

St Michael's Chapel, a 12th-century chapel, is located on the south side of the island. This Celtic-Norse chapel was built on the site of an older Celtic keeill.

The island is also the site to two great battles for the control of the Isle of Man in 1250 and 1275, when England, Scotland and the Manx were fighting for control of the island. In the first battle the Manx won but 25 years later, they lost control to Scotland.[1]

Derby Fort, a 17th-century fort, is located at the eastern end of the island. Built by James Stanley, the 7th Earl of Derby and Lord of Mann in 1645, the fort was constructed during the English Civil War to protect the then busy port of Derbyhaven.

In addition to the ruins, the island serves as a bird sanctuary.

References

  1. ^ a b c http://www.iomguide.com/stmichaelsisle.php
  2. ^ "The Isle of Man's coastline from the sky". BBC. 20 November 2009. 
  3. ^ a b http://www.gov.im/mnh/heritage/monuments/stmichaelsisle.xml

External links

  • www.isleofman.com - Information about Fort Island
  • St Michael's Isle
  • Jon Wornham's galleries include photographs of Fort Island at
    • http://www.island-images.co.uk/Year2001/0106070834.html - Derby Fort 7 Jun 2001
    • http://www.island-images.co.uk/Year2003/0311060830.html - Chapel and Fort 6 Nov 2003


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.