World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Stitch (textile arts)

Article Id: WHEBN0027700678
Reproduction Date:

Title: Stitch (textile arts)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Glossary of sewing terms, List of sewing stitches, Seam allowance, Blanket stitch, Hemstitch
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Stitch (textile arts)

Hand-stitches.

In the textile arts, a stitch is a single turn or loop of thread or yarn. Stitches are the fundamental elements of sewing, knitting, embroidery, crochet, and needle lace-making, whether by hand or machine.[1] A variety of stitches, each with one or more names, are used for specific purposes.

Sewing, embroidery, and lace

All stitches made with a sewing needle with an "eye" or hole are variations on seven basic stitches:[1]

These stitches and their variations are named according to the position of the needle and direction of sewing (running stitch, backstitch), the form or shape of the stitch (chain stitch, feather stitch) or the purpose of the stitch (tailor's tack, hem stitch).[2]

Sewing machine stitches are classified by their structure:

  • Chain stitch, made with one thread
  • Lockstitch, made with two threads
  • Overlock, made with one to four threads
  • Coverstitch, made with two or four threads (a twine)

Fancy machine stitches mimic traditional hand stitches using variations on the basic stitches.[2]

Knitting

In knitting, a stitch is a single loop of yarn, secured to the loops beside it to form a row or course of stitches and to the loops above and below it to form a wale.

In securing the previous stitch in a wale, the next stitch can pass through the previous loop either from below or above. If the former, the stitch is denoted as a knit stitch or a plain stitch; if the latter, as a purl stitch. The two stitches are related in that a knit stitch seen from one side of the fabric appears as a purl stitch on the other side.

Crochet

In crochet, stitches are made by pulling a loop of thread through the work with a crochet hook. Crochet stitches are named based on their structure. In the English-speaking crochet world, basic stitches have different names that vary by country. The differences are usually referred to as UK/US or British/American.

Notes

  1. ^ a b Picken (1957), p. 322
  2. ^ a b Readers Digest (1976), pp. 122–143

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.