World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Stuart Merrill

Article Id: WHEBN0000179256
Reproduction Date:

Title: Stuart Merrill  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Jean Delville, Forest, Belgium, Symbolist poets, 1863 in poetry, Symbolism (arts)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Stuart Merrill

Stuart Fitzrandolph Merrill (August 1, 1863 in Hempstead, New York[1] – December 1, 1915 in Versailles, France) was an American poet, who wrote mostly in the French language. He belonged to the Symbolist school. His principal books of poetry were Les Gammes (1887), Les Fastes (1891), and Petits Poèmes d'Automne (1895).

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Works 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Life

Portrait of young Stuart Merrill.
Stuart Merrill, in elder age.

Merrill was the product of a conservative, wealthy, Protestant upbringing. In 1866, his father George received a diplomatic appointment to Paris, where Merrill would learn French and live for the next 19 years. Stéphane Mallarmé was one of Merrill’s school instructors. His classmates included future symbolists René Ghil and Pierre Quillard. Merrill ran a weekly journal, Le fou, before returning to the States in 1884 to attend law school.[1] On April 15, 1887, Merrill went to Madison Square Theater in New York to hear Walt Whitman give his famous "Death of Abraham Lincoln" lecture. Afterwards, Merrill had the opportunity to meet Whitman, an experience he later recorded in the magazine "Le Masque."[2]

Also in 1887, Merrill published his first book of poems, Les gammes, in Paris, and received wide critical acclaim in Europe. As his literary career took off he participated in radical political causes, siding with the Oscar Wilde, imprisoned for homosexuality, Merrill made a similar attempt to get notable artists and intellectuals to sign a similar petition in the United States. Although Merrill's father disinherited him for his politics, his mother would continue to support him financially throughout his life.[1]

In 1890, Merrill published Pastels in Prose, a collection of his translations of French prose poems. This was his only book ever to be published in America. The same year, he returned to Europe permanently and he married in 1891. For the years 1893–1908, his address was 53 Quai de Bourbon, Île Saint-Louis, Paris.   Several more books, including Les fastes in 1891 and Petits poèmes d’automne in 1895,[1] were published before his death of heart disease in 1915.   In 1927 a small traffic way in the 17th arrondissement of Paris took the name Place Stuart-Merrill.

Works

  • Les gammes (The Ranges), Vanier, Paris, 1887
  • Pastels en Prose, Harper & Brothers, New York, 1890
  • Les Fastes (The Record), 1891
  • Petits Poèmes d'Automne (Little Autumnal Poems), 1895
  • Les quatre saisons (The Four Seasons), Mercure de France, Paris, 1900
  • Walt Whitman, Henry S. Saunders, 1922
  • Prose et vers : œuvres posthumes (Prose and Verse: Posthumous Works), A. Messein, Paris, 1925
  • The White Tomb: Selected Writing, Talisman House, 1999

References

  1. ^ a b c d Qureshi, Ramez. "Ramez Qureshi on Stuart Merrill's The White Tomb: Selected Writing". Retrieved 2007-09-12. 
  2. ^ Stuart Merrill, Walt Whitman (Toronto: Henry S. Saunders, 1922)

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.