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Stuart Roosa

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Subject: Apollo 14, NASA Astronaut Group 5, List of Apollo astronauts, List of Apollo missions, Apollo program
Collection: 1933 Births, 1971 in Spaceflight, 1994 Deaths, 20Th-Century American Businesspeople, Air Force Institute of Technology Alumni, American Aerospace Engineers, American Astronauts, American Aviators, American Business Executives, American Businesspeople, American Engineers, Apollo Program Astronauts, Aviators from Colorado, Burials at Arlington National Cemetery, Deaths from Pancreatitis, Harvard Business School Alumni, Oklahoma State University Alumni, People from Claremore, Oklahoma, People from Durango, Colorado, Recipients of the Distinguished Service Medal (United States), Recipients of the NASA Distinguished Service Medal, U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School Alumni, United States Air Force Astronauts, United States Air Force Officers, United States Astronaut Hall of Fame Inductees, University of Arizona Alumni, University of Colorado Alumni
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Stuart Roosa

Stuart A. Roosa
NASA Astronaut
Nationality American
Status Deceased
Born (1933-08-16)August 16, 1933
Durango, Colorado, U.S.
Died December 12, 1994(1994-12-12) (aged 61)
Falls Church, Virginia, U.S.
Other names
Stuart Allen Roosa
Previous occupation
Fighter pilot, Test pilot
Oklahoma State
University of Arizona
CU-Boulder, B.S. 1960
Rank Colonel, USAF
Time in space
9d 00h 01m
Selection 1966 NASA Group 5
Missions Apollo 14
Mission insignia
Retirement February 1, 1976

Stuart Allen "Stu" Roosa (August 16, 1933 – December 12, 1994), (Col, USAF), was an American aeronautical engineer, United States Air Force pilot, test pilot, and NASA astronaut, who was the Command Module Pilot for the Apollo 14 mission. The mission lasted from January 31 to February 9, 1971 and was the third mission to land astronauts (Alan Shepard and Edgar Mitchell) on the Moon. While Shepard and Mitchell spent two days on the lunar surface, Roosa conducted experiments from orbit in the Command Module Kitty Hawk. He was one of only 24 people to travel to the Moon.

Contents

  • Biography 1
    • Early life and education 1.1
    • Military service 1.2
    • NASA career 1.3
    • Post-NASA career 1.4
    • Death 1.5
  • Organizations 2
  • Awards and honors 3
  • In media 4
  • References 5
  • Bibliography 6
  • External links 7

Biography

Early life and education

Roosa was born on August 16, 1933, in Durango, Colorado, to parents Dewey Roosa (1896–1990) and Lorine Roosa (née DeLozier; 1909–1993)[1] and grew up in Claremore, Oklahoma. He attended Justus Grade School and Claremore High School in Claremore, Oklahoma, from which he graduated in 1951; studied at Oklahoma State University and the University of Arizona and was graduated with honors and a Bachelor of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the University of Colorado Boulder in 1960.

Military service

Roosa began his career as a smokejumper with the U.S. Forest Service, dropping into at least four active fires in Oregon and California during the 1953 fire season. He was a graduate of the Aviation Cadet Program at Williams Air Force Base, Arizona, where he received his flight training commission in the U.S. Air Force. He also attended the Aerospace Research Pilot School and was an experimental test pilot at Edwards Air Force Base in California before being selected for the astronaut class of 1966.

From July 1962 to August 1964, Roosa was a maintenance flight test pilot at Olmstead Air Force Base, PA, flying F-101 aircraft. He was a fighter pilot at Langley Air Force Base, VA, where he flew the F-84F and F-100 aircraft. Following graduation from the University of Colorado, under the U.S. Air Force Institute of Technology Program, he served as Chief of Service Engineering (AFLC) at Tachikawa Air Base, Japan, for two years.[2]

NASA career

Roosa undergoes final space suit check prior to liftoff of Apollo 14

Roosa was one of 19 people selected as part of the astronaut class of 1966 and served as a member of the astronaut support crew for the Apollo 9 mission.

On Apollo 14 he spent 33 hours in solo orbit around the Moon, conducting an extensive series of experiments. On the Apollo 14 mission Roosa carried seeds from loblolly pine, sycamore, sweet gum, redwood, and Douglas fir trees as part of a joint U.S. Forest Service/NASA project. The seeds were germinated on his return and planted throughout the United States, becoming known as the "Moon Trees".[3]

Following Apollo 14, Roosa served as backup Command Module Pilot for Apollo 16 and Apollo 17, and based on crew rotations, would probably have commanded one of the last Apollo missions had it not been cancelled. He was assigned to the Space Shuttle program until his retirement as a Colonel from the Air Force in 1976.

He logged 5,500 hours of flying time; 5,000 hours in jet aircraft. He also logged 217 hours in space.

Post-NASA career

After leaving NASA and the Air Force, he held a number of positions in international and U.S. businesses, and became owner and president of Gulf Coast Coors in 1981. His daughter Rosemary was named CEO of Gulf Coast Coors several years later. He completed the Harvard Business School's Advanced Management Program in 1973.

Death

Roosa's Tombstone in Arlington National Cemetery

On December 12, 1994, Stuart Roosa died at age 61 in Washington D.C. from complications of pancreatitis. He was survived by his wife Joan, three sons and a daughter, and seven grandchildren. Son Jack Roosa attended the USAF Academy and became an F-16 squadron commander. He is buried in section 7A of Arlington National Cemetery.[4] His wife Joan died on October 30, 2007 in Gulfport, Mississippi. She was interred at Arlington Cemetery with her husband.[5]

Organizations

Roosa's memberships include the Society of Experimental Test Pilots, New York Safari Club, Board of Directors, People-to-People Sports Committee, Hunting Hall of Fame, Circumnavigators Club, Explorers Club, Confederate Air Force, Shikar-Safari-Club and Gulfport Yacht Club.

Awards and honors

Roosa's honors include the NASA Distinguished Service Medal; the MSC Superior Achievement Award (1970); the Air Force Command Pilot Astronaut Wings; the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal; the Arnold Air Society's John F. Kennedy Award (1971); the City of New York Gold Medal (1971); the American Astronautical Society's Flight Achievement Award (1971); the Order of Tehad (1973); and the Order of the Central African Empire (1973). Additionally, an elementary school in Claremore, Oklahoma is named in his honor. He received an honorary LL.D. from University of St. Thomas, Houston in 1971. He was inducted into the International Space Hall of Fame in 1983, and the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame in 1997.[6]

In media

  • In the [7]
  • The book Smoke Jumper, Moon Pilot (2011), by Willie G. Moseley, is a biography on Roosa's life.[8]
  • In 2013, footage of Roosa's son holding a photo of Roosa with two of his granddaughters[9] appears in USAA insurance television ads promoting availability to family members.[10] In 2014, a USAA radio ad featuring Roosa's son ran on many U.S. radio stations.

References

  1. ^ Roosa's parents,
  2. ^ Roosa's flight experience
  3. ^ "Houston, We Have Moon Trees". Peeling Back the Bark.  
  4. ^ "Stuart Roosa".  
  5. ^ Patricia Langley Harvey (November 2, 2007). "Joan Carol Barrett Roosa".  
  6. ^ Stuart Roosa inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame
  7. ^ Credits, From the Earth to the Moon (1998 miniseries)
  8. ^ Moseley, Willie G. (2011-10-31). Smoke Jumper, Moon Pilot. Acclaim Press.  
  9. ^ "'"USAA TV Spot, 'Earned. iSpot TV. Screenshot 
  10. ^ "Mine Was Earned — USAA Auto Insurance". YouTube. USAA. October 2, 2013. 

Bibliography

  • Steitz, David E.; Herring, Kyle (1994-12-12). Apollo Astronaut Stuart Allen Roosa Dies. Press release 94-210 (NASA). Retrieved December 12, 1994. 

External links

  • Roosa's official NASA biography
  • Astronautix biography of Stuart Roosa
  • Spacefacts biography of Stuart Roosa
  • About Stuart Roosa
  • Roosa at Spaceacts
  • Stuart Roosa at the Internet Movie Database
  • Roosa at Encyclopedia of Science
  • Joan Barrett Roosa Obituary
  • Roosa at International Space Hall of Fame
  • "Houston, We Have Moon Trees". Peeling Back the Bark blog, the Forest History Society.
  • Arlington Cemetery biography and photos
  • Stuart Roosa at Find a Grave
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