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Styles Bridges

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Title: Styles Bridges  
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Subject: Carl Hayden, Everett Dirksen, Henry W. Keyes, United States presidential election, 1940, Wendell Willkie
Collection: 1898 Births, 1961 Deaths, American Anti-Communists, Governors of New Hampshire, New Hampshire Republicans, Old Right (United States), People from Concord, New Hampshire, People from Washington County, Maine, Presidents Pro Tempore of the United States Senate, Republican Party State Governors of the United States, Republican Party United States Senators, United States Presidential Candidates, 1940, United States Senators from New Hampshire, United States Vice-Presidential Candidates, 1940, University of Maine Alumni
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Styles Bridges

Styles Bridges
United States Senator
from New Hampshire
In office
January 3, 1937 – November 26, 1961
Preceded by Henry W. Keyes
Succeeded by Maurice J. Murphy, Jr.
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
In office
January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1955
Preceded by Kenneth McKellar
Succeeded by Walter F. George
Senate Minority Leader
In office
January 8, 1952 – January 3, 1953
Deputy Leverett Saltonstall (whip)
Preceded by Kenneth S. Wherry
Succeeded by Lyndon B. Johnson
63rd Governor of New Hampshire
In office
January 3, 1935 – January 7, 1937
Preceded by John G. Winant
Succeeded by Francis P. Murphy
Personal details
Born Henry Styles Bridges
(1898-09-09)September 9, 1898
Pembroke, Maine
Died November 26, 1961(1961-11-26) (aged 63)
Concord, New Hampshire
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) (1) Sally Clement
(2) Doloris Thauwald

Henry Styles Bridges (September 9, 1898 – November 26, 1961) was an American teacher, editor, and Republican Party politician from Concord, New Hampshire. He served one term as the 63rd Governor of New Hampshire before a twenty-four-year career in the United States Senate.

Contents

  • Early life and career 1
  • Political career 2
  • Association with Joseph McCarthy 3
  • Death and burial 4
  • References 5
  • Additional sources 6
  • External links 7

Early life and career

Bridges was born in West Pembroke, Maine. He attended the public schools in Maine. He attended the University of Maine at Orono until 1918. From 1918 he held a variety of jobs, including teaching, newspaper editing, business and state government. He was an instructor at Sanderson Academy, Ashfield, Massachusetts from 1918 to 1919. He was a member of the extension staff of the University of New Hampshire at Durham from 1921 until 1922. He was the secretary of the New Hampshire Farm Bureau Federation from 1922 until 1923, and the editor of the Granite Monthly Magazine from 1924 until 1926. Meanwhile, He was the director and secretary of the New Hampshire Investment Corporation from 1924 until 1929. He was then a member of the New Hampshire Public Service Commission from 1930 until 1934.

Political career

Bridges ran for the position of governor of New Hampshire in 1934, and won, becoming the nation's youngest governor at the time, according to John Gunther's book, Inside U.S.A. He was elected to the United States Senate in 1936, and would serve until his death in 1961. In 1937 he retired from the Army Reserve Corps, in which he had served as a Lieutenant since 1925. In 1940 he attempted to win the Republican nomination for President; the nomination was eventually won by Wendell Willkie. That same year, Bridges also received two delegates for the Republican vice presidential nomination, which eventually went to Charles L. McNary. Bridges broke his hip on New Year's Eve 1941 and missed several months of the next Senate session.

Bridges was reelected to four subsequent terms in 1942, 1948, 1954, and 1960, but he did not complete his final term due to his death. He became the highest-ranking Republican senator, serving as chairman of the Joint Committee on Foreign Economic Cooperation when the Republicans had control of the Senate from 1947 until 1949, Senate Minority Leader from 1952 until 1953, President pro tempore of the United States Senate when the Republicans had control of it from 1953 until 1955, chairman of the Joint Committee on Inaugural Arrangements for both of the inaugurations of President Dwight Eisenhower, Chairman of the Committee on Appropriations when the Republicans had control of the Senate from 1947–1949 and 1953–1955, and Chairman of the Republican Policy Committee from 1954 until his death.

In the Senate, John Gunther wrote, Bridges was "an aggressive reactionary on most issues...and he is pertinaciously engaged in a continual running fight with the CIO, the Roosevelt family and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics."[1]

Association with Joseph McCarthy

Bridges was a staunch defender of Senator Joseph McCarthy, and was one of only 22 senators, all Republicans, who voted against the censure of McCarthy for his "red scare" communist witch hunts, and for his so-called "lavender scare" tactics aimed at homosexuals in 1954.[2]

Bridges was also a key collaborator with fellow Republican Senators Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin and Herman Welker of Idaho in the harassment of Democratic Wyoming Senator Lester C. Hunt, harassment that led to Senator Hunt's suicide in his Capitol office on June 19, 1954.[3] Bridges threatened that if he did not immediately retire from the Senate and agree not to seek reelection, Bridges would see that Hunt's son, Lester Hunt, Jr., who had been arrested for soliciting an undercover policeman, was prosecuted and that his son's homosexuality would be widely publicized. Bridges also threatened Inspector Roy Blick of the Morals Division of the Washington Police Department with the loss of his job for failing to prosecute Hunt Jr.[4][5] Alex Ross in The New Yorker wrote in 2012 of an event "loosely dramatized in the novel and film Advise & Consent [in which] Senator Lester Hunt, of Wyoming, killed himself after ... Bridges ... threatened to expose Hunt's son as a homosexual".[6]

Death and burial

Bridges died of a heart attack on November 26, 1961, in East Concord and, after a service attended by a thousand people at the State House in Concord, was buried in Pine Grove Cemetery.[7][8]

He was one of the poorest men ever elected governor and still of modest means when elected to the Senate, yet his widow Doloris told Senator Lyndon Johnson that her husband had left her "a million dollars in cash".[9] Bridges willed his East Concord home to the state to serve as a residence for New Hampshire's governors. The New Hampshire Governor's Mansion is known as "Bridges House".[10]

The "Styles Bridges Room" in the U.S. Capitol was named in his memory on March 12, 1981.[11] Interstate 93 in New Hampshire, from Concord north to the Vermont state line, is named the Styles Bridges Highway. In December 2012, the Boston Globe called for the state to examine Bridges' role in Senator Lester Hunt's death and reconsider whether the state should continue to honor Bridges, or rename the highway.[12]

References

  1. ^ John Gunther, Inside U.S.A., p. 471
  2. ^ U.S. Senate, roll call vote on Senate Resolution 301, Dec. 2, 1954 - Congressional Record.
  3. ^ James J. Kiepper, Styles Bridges: Yankee Senator (Phoenix Publishing, 2001) ISBN 0-914659-93-6, 145-7
  4. ^ Drew Pearson On The Washington Merry-Go-Round, June 20, 1954, accessed February 28, 2011. .
  5. ^ Drew Pearson, Diaries, 1949-1959 (NY: Holt, Rinhart and Winston, 1974), 325
  6. ^ Ross, Alex, "Love on the March", The New Yorker, November 12, 2012. Retrieved November 6, 2012.
  7. ^ "Styles Bridges, Dean of Senate Republicans, Dies At Age 63". Lodi News-Sentinel. November 27, 1961. 
  8. ^ Kiepper, Yankee Senator, 231-3
  9. ^ Kiepper, Yankee Senator, 189
  10. ^ Kiepper, Yankee Senator, 240
  11. ^ Kiepper, Yankee Senator, 242-3
  12. ^ "N.H. should reassess legacy of Senator Styles Bridges". Boston Globe. December 29, 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 

Additional sources

  • McDaniel, Rodger. Dying for Joe McCarthy's Sins: The Suicide of Wyoming Senator Lester Hunt (WordsWorth, 2013), ISBN 978-0983027591

External links

  • Biographic Sketch at U.S. Congress website
  • Styles at New Hampshire's Division of Historic Resources
  • A film clip "Longines Chronoscope with Sen. Styles Bridges (September 12, 1952)" is available for free download at the Internet Archive
  • A film clip "Longines Chronoscope with Sen. Styles Bridges (April 14, 1952)" is available for free download at the Internet Archive
  • , December 29, 2012Boston Globe"N.H. should reassess legacy of Senator Styles Bridges,"
Political offices
Preceded by
John G. Winant
Governor of New Hampshire
1935–1937
Succeeded by
Francis P. Murphy
Preceded by
Kenneth McKellar
Tennessee
Chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee
1947–1949
Succeeded by
Kenneth McKellar
Tennessee
Chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee
1953–1955
Succeeded by
Carl T. Hayden
Arizona
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
1953–1955
Succeeded by
Walter F. George
Georgia
United States Senate
Preceded by
Henry W. Keyes
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from New Hampshire
1937–1961
Served alongside: Fred H. Brown, Charles W. Tobey,
Robert W. Upton, Norris Cotton
Succeeded by
Maurice J. Murphy, Jr.
Party political offices
New title Chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee
1949–1951
Succeeded by
Ralph Owen Brewster
Maine
Preceded by
Kenneth S. Wherry
Nebraska
Senate Republican Leader
1952–1953
Succeeded by
Robert A. Taft
Ohio
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