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Summer school

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Title: Summer school  
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Summer school

Summer school (or summer university) is a school, or a program generally sponsored by a school or a school district, or provided by a private company, that provides lessons and activities during the summer vacation. Participation in summer schools has been shown to have substantial beneficial effects on educational progress.[1]


  • Summer schools in North America 1
  • Summer schools internationally 2
  • English as a foreign language 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

Summer schools in North America

In elementary and middle school, these programs are often non-academic, though some are used for remedial instruction.

In high school, college or university, students can enroll in classes for credit to be taken into account in their grade point average or their transcript.[2] Generally, this credit is in one of two categories: remediation or advancement. For remediation, the summer school is used to make up credits lost through absence or failure. For advancement, the summer school is used to obtain credit for classes to accelerate progress toward a degree or to lessen the load of courses during the regular school year. Many universities offer short-term summer courses to attract both local and international students, and these programs are often surrounded by social activities.


  • Summer Schools and Summer Courses UK 2012; music schools; drama, theatre, acting and art courses, English language courses.
  • Directory of summer courses in Europe
  • Summer Schools @ Aegean, Greece 2013
  • Sherborne (formerly Canford) Music Summer School
  • International Musicians Seminar, Prussia Cove

External links

  • Cooper, Harris; Charlton, Kelly; Valentine, Jeff C.; Muhlenbruck, Laura: Making the Most of Summer School: A Meta-Analytic and Narrative Review. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, v65 n1 p1-118 2000. ISBN 0631221522. Blackwell Publishing, 2000.
  • Guide to Summer Camps and Summer Schools. 31st edition, 2008/09. Porter Sargent Handbooks, a Division of Alloy Education.
  • Guide to Summer Camps and Summer Schools. 32nd edition, 2010/11. Porter Sargent Handbooks, a Division of Alloy Education.

Further reading

  1. ^ "Making the most of summer school: a meta-analytic and narrative review". Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  2. ^ Summer program for high school student - summer school. College Board: College Planning Made Easy|Inside Source for College Admissions Requirements.
  3. ^ "University of Cape Town Summer School". University of Cape Town, Extra-mural studies. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  4. ^ "Reasons to Attend a Summer School". Oxford Royale Academy. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  5. ^ "EnglishUK homepage". EnglishUK. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  6. ^ "What research tells us about immersion". Education Week. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  7. ^ "The Times World University Rankings". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  8. ^ "The 100 most international universities in the world". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 


See also

Summer schools are a popular choice for students of English as a Foreign Language, particularly children. EnglishUK, the language teaching organisation for EFL in the UK, has more than 470 members, many of which operate summer schools.[5] Summer schools often offer foreign language immersion, which has known benefits for language learning.[6] Summer schools of this kind also hold appeal for students wishing to pursue higher education in English-speaking countries, which consistently top university league tables[7] and get a high percentage of their students from overseas,[8] as summer schools in these countries provide insight not only into the English language, but also into the cultures that use it. They may even provide guidance for such students in their university applications.

English as a foreign language

Summer schools can also provide students with educational experiences that would not be available to them within their normal schooling. This may encompass subjects that are not conventionally offered in schools (such as law, which is not usually offered in UK schools but may be taught in summer schools), or the experience of studying in an ancient university.[4] It may also incorporate a wider variety of excursions and fields trips than would be possible in day-to-day education, so that some summer schools straddle the line between education and holiday.

Outside North America, the term has a broader definition and refers to all ages and includes leisure and other non-academic subjects, so, for example, a course on hedge-laying is probably targeting older adults. In these regions, Music Summer Schools, on the other hand, may be designed for school age students, college students, or adult professionals or amateurs at various levels of attainment.

Summer schools internationally


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