World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Swerford

Article Id: WHEBN0021592637
Reproduction Date:

Title: Swerford  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: West Oxfordshire, Swinbrook and Widford, Filkins and Broughton Poggs, Hardwick-with-Yelford, Kiddington with Asterleigh
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Swerford

Swerford

St. Mary's parish church
Swerford is located in Oxfordshire
Swerford
Swerford
 Swerford shown within Oxfordshire
Population 155 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference
Civil parish Swerford
District West Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Chipping Norton
Postcode district OX15
Dialling code 01608
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Witney
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Swerford is a village and civil parish on the River Swere in the Cotswold Hills in Oxfordshire, England. It is about 4 miles (6.4 km) northeast of Chipping Norton. Swerford has two main neighbourhoods: Church End and East End. The area between them contains very few houses and is called Between Towns.

Manor

Swerford motte

The Domesday Book records that in 1086 Swerford was part of the royal manor of Hook Norton, which was held by Robert D'Oyly. The village has a motte-and-bailey castle which is believed to have been built early in the 12th century during the civil war between Empress Matilda and King Stephen.[2]

In 1783 Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch commissioned the building of the country house of Swerford Park as a hunting lodge.[3] In 1820 General Sir R. Bolton bought the house. Bolton commissioned the artist and architect Joseph Gandy, who remodelled the house between 1824 and 1829 in the style of Sir John Soane.[4]

Church and chapel

The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary is believed to have been founded by Osney Abbey early in the 13th century.[5] The earliest part of St. Mary's present building is the tower and spire, which were built around 1300. The Decorated Gothic nave may have been built between 1250 and 1350. Perpendicular Gothic additions were made early in the 15th century: the chancel, and the clerestory of the nave. In 1846 the Gothic Revival architect H.J. Underwood added the north aisle.[6] St. Mary's is now part of the Benefice of Hook Norton with Great Rollright, Swerford and Wigginton.

The church tower has a ring of six bells.[7] William Bagley of Chacombe,[8] Northamptonshire cast the tenor bell in 1695.[9] Richard Sanders, who had a bellfoundry at Bromsgrove, Worcestershire and was also an itinerant bellfounder,[8] cast the fourth bell in 1723.[9] Matthew III Bagley of Chacombe cast the third bell in 1756 and the fifth bell in 1766.[9] W. and J. Taylor of Loughborough cast the second bell in 1823,[9] presumably at the foundry they ran in Oxford at that time.[8] The Whitechapel Bell Foundry cast the present treble bell in 1998,[9] completing the current ring of six.

The vicarage was built in the 18th century.[4]

A Methodist chapel was opened in Swerford in 1938. It was closed in 1992 and is now a private house.[10]

Social and economic history

Old Clock Cottage was built in the 18th century.[4]

By 1881 a railway tunnel 418 yards (382 m) long[11] had been built through South Hill just west of Swerford Park for the Banbury and Cheltenham Direct Railway. The railway company usually called it Hook Norton Tunnel but sometimes it is called Swerford Park Tunnel. The line's nearest railway station to Swerford was about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) away at Hook Norton.

British Railways closed Hook Norton station in 1951 and closed the Banbury and Cheltenham railway completely in 1964. The tunnel is now bricked up at both ends to prevent access, both for people's safety and to protect any bats that may roost inside. (See Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981)

Amenities

Swerford has a village hall.[12] The hall hosts regular village activities including a monthly market[13] and monthly meetings of Swerford and Wigginton Women's Institute.[14]

Swerford's former public house, the Masons Arms,[15] is now a restaurant that has been awarded a Michelin Bib Gourmand.

References

  1. ^ "Area selected: West Oxfordshire (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View.  
  2. ^ West Oxfordshire community website: The Early History of Swerford
  3. ^ Parks & Gardens UK
  4. ^ a b c Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 799.
  5. ^ West Oxfordshire community website: History of St Marys Church
  6. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 798.
  7. ^ Oxford Diocesan Guild of Church Bell Ringers, Chipping Norton Branch
  8. ^ a b c Baldwin, Sid (5 December 2011). "Bellfounders".  
  9. ^ a b c d e Davies, Peter (8 December 2006). "Swerford S Mary".  
  10. ^ West Oxfordshire community website: Swerford Chapel
  11. ^ Railway Tunnel Lengths website, page 2
  12. ^ West Oxfordshire community website: Swerford Village Hall
  13. ^ West Oxfordshire community website: Swerford village market
  14. ^ Swerford and Wigginton Women's Institute
  15. ^ The Masons Arms

Sources

  • Sherwood, Jennifer;  

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.