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Szymon Datner

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Title: Szymon Datner  
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Subject: Jedwabne pogrom, Rescue of Jews by Poles during the Holocaust, Jewish resistance under Nazi rule, Wartime sexual violence
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Szymon Datner

Szymon Datner (2 February 1902, [1]

Datner settled into Białystok in 1928.[2] Before the outbreak of World War II, Datner worked as a P.E. teacher at a Jewish gymnasium in Białystok. He lived in the city with his wife and two daughters throughout the Soviet occupation of eastern Poland and after the Nazi German attack on USSR was forced to move into a ghetto with his family. He helped smuggle several people out of Białystok Ghetto on 24 May 1943. However, his wife and daughters did not survive its liquidation.

Postwar career

After the war, Datner served as head of the Białystok branch of the Central Committee of Jews in Poland (CŻKH) for two years. "A survivor himself, he deposited his own testimony at the Jewish Historical Commission in Białystok on 28 September 1946."[3] The same year, CŻKH published his Walka i zagłada Białostockiego Ghetta (The fight and annihilation of the Białystok ghetto) in Łódź.[2] Datner moved to Warsaw in the late 1940s. He became a prominent specialists in World War II crimes and the Holocaust,[3] nonetheless, he was dismissed from his position in the course of the 1968 Polish political crisis, and rehabilitated soon afterwards. In 1969–1970 he presided over the Jewish Historical Institute of Warsaw, and was one of the historians at the Polish Commission to Investigate German Crimes, now part of the Institute of National Remembrance. Datner made the most comprehensive documentation of the war crimes and atrocities of Nazi Germany in eastern Poland.[4] According to Datner, the German commandos, although engaged in the extermination of Jews on their own, acted also as instigators, enforcing the cooperation of local people. Datner explored the matters of responsibility for the massacre in Jedwabne, but did not identify the SS Sonderkommando present at the scene.[3][5]

Datner died in 1989 in Warsaw and is buried at the Okopowa Street Jewish Cemetery. His daughter, Helena Datner-Śpiewak, is also a notable Polish-Jewish historian and sociologist.


  • Walka i Zagłada białostockiego getta (Łódź, 1946)
  • Zbrodnie Wehrmachtu na jeńcach wojennych w II wojnie światowej (Warsaw, 1961)
  • Zbrodnie okupanta w czasie powstania warszawskiego w 1944 roku (w dokumentach) (Warsaw, 1962)
  • Wilhelm Koppe - nieukarany zbrodniarz hitlerowski (Warsaw-Poznań, 1963)
  • Ucieczki z niewoli niemieckiej 1939-1945 (Warsaw, 1966)
  • Eksterminacja ludności żydowskiej w Okręgu Białostockim (Bulletin of the Jewish Historical Institute, Warsaw, October–December 1966, no. 60: pp. 3–29)
  • Niemiecki okupacyjny aparat bezpieczeństwa w okręgu białostockim (1941–1944) w świetle materiałów niemieckich (opracowania Waldemara Macholla), Biuletyn GKBZH (Warsaw, 1965)
  • 55 dni Wehrmachtu w Polsce (Warsaw, 1967)
  • Las sprawiedliwych. Karta z dziejów ratownictwa Żydow w okupowanej Polsce ( Warsaw, 1968)
  • Tragedia w Doessel - (ucieczki z niewoli niemieckiej 1939-1945 ciąg dalszy) (Warsaw, 1970)
  • Z mądrości Talmudu (Warsaw, 1988)


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