World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tafilalt

 

Tafilalt

Tafilalt
Tafilalt / ⵜⴰⴼⵉⵍⴰⵍⵜ
Region
Panorama of the oasis of Tafilalet, seen from the ksar of Tingheras (Rissani).
Panorama of the oasis of Tafilalet, seen from the ksar of Tingheras (Rissani).
Tafilalt is located in Morocco
Tafilalt
Tafilalt
Location in Morocco
Coordinates:
Country  Morocco
Region Meknès-Tafilalet
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)
Isoprusia tafilaltana, a fossil trilobite found in (and named after) Tafilalt

Tafilalt or Tafilet (Berber: Tafilalt, ⵜⴰⴼⵉⵍⴰⵍⵜ; Arabic: تافيلالت‎) is a region and the most important oasis of the Moroccan part of the Sahara Desert; it is also considered one of the largest oases in the world. Entirely located along the Ziz River, the oasis ten days' journey south of Fez, across the Atlas Mountains. It is celebrated for its large and luscious dates. Al Hassan Addakhil, ancestor of the reigning Alaouite Dynasty of Morocco, cultivated these with such success around 1250 that he could fund the dynasty's rise to power.

The inhabitants of the oasis and region occupy fortified villages (Ksar). In Ifli, the central portion, formerly existed the town of Sijilmasa, founded by Miknasa Amazighs in 757. It was on the direct caravan route from the Niger to Tangier, and attained a considerable degree of prosperity. Medieval traveler Ibn Batuta wrote about visiting Sijilmasa (near Tafilalt) in the fourteenth century on his journey from Fez to "the country of the blacks". It was later destroyed, but even its ruins extend five miles along the river bank.

The name Tafilalt is an Amazigh name with an uncertain meaning. It is a relatively recent name, in use only since the 16th century. The current royal family of Morocco, the Filalis, have taken their name from the region. Since 1648 it has been the custom of Moroccan sultans to despatch superfluous sons and daughters to Tafilalt.

The first European to visit Tafilalt in the modern era was René Caillié (1828), the next Gerhard Rohlfs (1864). A later visit to the oasis by WB Harris is described in his book Tafilet (London, 1895). "The oasis is ten days' (historic, by animal) or one day's (modern, by motor vehicle) journey south of Fez, across the Atlas."

Contents

  • Notable residents 1
  • In the Literature 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4
  • External links 5

Notable residents

It is the birthplace of Baba Sali.

In the Literature

Soldiers of Hell, a novell by the famous Hungarian pulp fiction writer, Jenő Rejtő takes place in the city.

References

  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain

Further reading

  • .

External links

  • Tafilalt region web site
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.