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Taihoku Prefecture

Taihoku Prefecture
たいほくしゅう Taihokushū
Location of Taihoku
Government building of Taihoku Prefecture
(now the Control Yuan).
Capital Taihoku City
Historical era Taiwan under Japanese rule
 •  Established September 1920
 •  Kīrun upgraded to city 1924
 •  Gilan upgraded to city 1940
 •  Disestablished October 1945
 •  1941 4,594.24 km2 (1,774 sq mi)
 •  1941 1,140,530 
Density 248.3 /km2  (643 /sq mi)
Political subdivisions 3 cities (市)
9 districts (郡)
Today part of  Taiwan
Keelung City
New Taipei City
Taipei City
Yilan County
Taihoku Prefecture

Taihoku Prefecture (臺北州 Taihoku-shū) was an administrative division of Taiwan created in 1920, during Japanese rule. The prefecture consisted of modern-day Keelung City, New Taipei City, Taipei City and Yilan County. Its government office, which is now occupied by the Control Yuan of Taiwan, was in Taipei City, referred to as Taihoku during the Japanese era.


  • Population 1
  • Administrative divisions 2
    • Cities and districts 2.1
    • Towns and villages 2.2
  • Buildings and establishments 3
    • Hospitals 3.1
    • Courthouses 3.2
    • Penitentiaries 3.3
    • Police stations 3.4
    • Customs houses 3.5
    • Monopoly bureaux 3.6
  • Weather stations 4
    • Garrisons 4.1
    • Mines 4.2
    • Shintō shrines 4.3
    • National Parks 4.4
  • Forest management 5
  • Transport 6
    • Rail 6.1
    • Roads 6.2
    • Ports 6.3
  • Enterprise 7
  • Media 8
  • Notable people 9
  • See also 10


Population statistics of permanent residents in Taihoku Prefecture in 1941 (昭和16年):
Classification Population
Japanese 153,928
Taiwanese 1,053,372
Korean 1,051
Other 25,531
Total 1,233,882

Administrative divisions

Cities and districts

There were 3 cities and 9 districts under Taihoku Prefecture.

Cities (市 shi) Districts (郡 gun)
Name Kanji Kana Name Kanji Kana
Taihoku City 臺北市 たいほくし Shichisei District 七星郡 しちせいぐん
Shinshō District 新荘郡 しんしょうぐん
Kaizan District 海山郡 かいざんぐん
Bunsan District 文山郡 ぶんさんぐん
Tamsui District 淡水郡 たんすいぐん
Kīrun City 基隆市 きいるんし Kīrun District 基隆郡 きいるんぐん
Giran City 宜蘭市 ぎらんし Giran District 宜蘭郡 ぎらんぐん
Ratō District 羅東郡 らとうぐん
Suō District 蘇澳郡 すおうぐん

Towns and villages

District Name Kanji Notes
Shiotome town 汐止街 Today Xizhi District
Shirin town 士林街 Today Shilin District
Hokutō town 北投街 Upgraded from village in 1941. Today Beitou District
Naiko village 内湖庄 Today Nangang District and Neihu District
Matsuyama village 松山庄 Incorporating into Taihoku City in 1938. Today Songshan District and Xinyi District
Shinshō town 新荘街 Today Taishan District and Xinzhuang District
Roshū village 鷺洲庄 Today Luzhou District and Sanchong District
Goko village 五股庄 Today Wugu District
Rinkō village 林口庄 Today Linkou District
Itabashi town 板橋街 Today Banqiao District
Ōka town 鶯歌街 Today Shulin District and Yingge District
Sankyō town 三峡街 Today Sanxia District
Chūwa village 中和庄 Today Yonghe District and Zhonghe District
Dojō village 土城庄 Today Tucheng District
Shinden town 新店街 Today Xindian District
Shinkō village 深坑庄 Today Shenkeng District and Wenshan District
Sekitei village 石碇庄 Today Shiding District
Heirin village 坪林庄 Today Pinglin District
Savage land 蕃地 Today Wulai District
Tamsui town 淡水街 Today Tamsui District
Hachiri village 八里庄 Today Bali District
Sanshi village 三芝庄 Today Sanzhi District
Sekimon village 石門庄 Today Shimen District
Zuihō town 瑞芳街 Today Ruifang District
Banri village 万里庄 Today Wanli District
Kanayama village 金山庄 Today Jinshan District
Shichitoku village 七堵庄 Today Nuannuan District and Qidu District
Kōryō village 貢寮庄 Today Gongliao District
Sōkei village 双渓庄 Today Shuangxi District
Heikei village 平渓庄 Today Pingxi District
Kīrun town 基隆街 Upgraded to a city in 1924. Today Keelung
Tōi village 頭囲庄 Today Toucheng Township
Shōkei village 礁渓庄 Today Jiaoxi Township
Sōi village 壮囲庄 Today Zhuangwei Township
Inzan village 員山庄 Today Yuanshan Township
Giran town 宜蘭街 Upgraded to a city in 1940. Today Yilan City
Ratō town 羅東街 Today Luodong Township
Goketsu village 五結庄 Today Wujie Township
Sansei village 三星庄 Today Sanxing Township
Fuyuyama village 冬山庄 Today Dongshan Township
Savage land 蕃地 Today Datong Township
Suō town 蘇澳街 Today Su'ao Township
Savage land 蕃地 Today Nan'ao Township

Buildings and establishments


  • Taihoku Imperial University Hospital (台北帝国大学医学部附属病院)
  • Japanese Red Cross Society Taiwan Branch Hospital (赤十字社台湾支部病院)
  • Government-General of Taiwan Monopoly Bureau Mutual Aid Association Hospital (台湾総督府専売局共済組合病院)
  • Government-General of Taiwan Railway Bureau Taihoku Railway Hospital (台湾総督府鉄道局台北鉄道病院)
  • Government-General of Taiwan Giran Hospital (台湾総督府宜蘭病院)
  • Government-General of Taiwan Kīron Hospital (台湾総督府基隆病院)


Courthouses in 1945 (Shōwa 20)

  • Supreme Court of Appeal (高等法院上告部)
  • Supreme Judicial Court (高等法院覆審部)
  • Taihoku Regional Court (台北地方法院)
  • Taihoku Regional Court Giran Branch (台北地方法院宜蘭支部)


Penitentiaries in 1932 (Shōwa 7)

  • Taihoku Penitentiary (台北刑務所)
  • Taihoku Penitentiary Giran Branch (台北刑務所宜蘭刑務支所)

Police stations

Police stations in 1945 (Shōwa 20)

  • Taihoku Prefecture Police Administrative Division (台北州警務部)
  • Taihoku Police Station (台北南警察署)
  • Banka Police Substation 萬華分署)
  • Taihoku North Police Station (台北北警察署)
  • Kīron Police Station (基隆警察署)
  • Kīron (Mizukami?) Police Station (基隆水上警察署) (in Port of Kīron)
  • Giran Police Station (宜蘭警察署)
  • Shichisei District Police Office (七星郡警察課)
  • Tamsui District Police Office (淡水郡警察課)
  • Kīron District Police Office (基隆郡警察課)
  • Giran District Police Office (宜蘭郡警察課)
  • Ratō District Police Office (羅東郡警察課)
  • Suō District Police Office (蘇澳郡警察課)
  • Bunsan District Police Office (文山郡警察課)
  • Kaizan District Police Office (海山郡警察課)
  • Shinshō District Police Office (新荘郡警察課)

Customs houses

Monopoly bureaux

Weather stations



  • Kinkaseki mine (金瓜山鉱山) (Gold, Silver, Copper)
  • Zuihō mine (瑞芳鉱山) (Gold, Silver)
  • Kīron coal mine (基隆炭鉱)
  • Zuihō coal mine (瑞芳炭鉱)
  • Haccho coal mine (八堵炭鉱)
  • 石底炭鉱
  • Banri coal mine (万里炭鉱)
  • Tokukō Taihoku coal mine (徳興台北炭鉱)
  • 大礦砕鉱山 (Sulfur)
  • Fukuyama coal mine (福山炭鉱)
  • Itabashi coal mine (板橋炭鉱)
  • Kaizan coal mine (海山炭鉱)

Shintō shrines

National Parks

Forest management




Designated roads in 1939 (Shōwa 14)

  • 縦貫道路
  • Taihoku Tamsui Road (台北淡水道)
  • Taihoku Naiko Road (台北内湖道)
  • 台北和尚州道
  • Taihoku Itabashi Road (台北板橋道)
  • 児玉町枋寮道
  • 台北八里庄道
  • 台北三張犂道
  • Taihoku Shinkō Road (台北深坑道)
  • Taihoku Giran Road (台北宜蘭道)
  • 水道町松山道
  • 景尾亀山道
  • 板橋景尾道
  • 枋寮土城道
  • Itabashi Tōen Road (板橋桃園道)
  • Itabashi Ōka Road (板橋鶯歌道)
  • Shinshō Itabashi Road (新荘板橋道)
  • 新荘樹林道
  • 新荘和尚州道
  • 新荘淡水道
  • Tamsui Kanayama Road (淡水金山道)
  • 北投草山道
  • Shirin Kanayama Road (士林金山道)
  • 基隆金山道
  • 基隆社寮島道
  • 基隆礁渓道
  • Giran Suō Road (宜蘭蘇澳道)
  • 羅東利沢簡道
  • 蘇澳南方澳道
  • 蘇澳北方澳道
  • Ratō Sansei Road (羅東三星道)
  • Giran Tōen Road (宜蘭桃園道)
  • 羅東清水道
  • 宜蘭東港道
  • 宜蘭三鬮道
  • Giran Sansei Road (宜蘭三星道)
  • Suō Karenkō Road (蘇澳花蓮港道)
  • Hokutō Onsen Road (北投温泉道)


Open ports in 1938 (Shōwa 13)

  • Port of Kīron (基隆港)
  • Port of Tamsui (淡水港)



Notable people

List of notable people born in, or who grew up or were active in Taihoku Prefecture during Japanese rule.

See also

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