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Tarcal

 

Tarcal

Tarcal
Tarcal is located in Hungary
Tarcal
Tarcal
Location of Tarcal
Coordinates:
Country  Hungary
County Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
Area
 • Total 53.73 km2 (20.75 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 • Total 3,276
 • Density 60.97/km2 (157.9/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 3915
Area code(s) 47

Tarcal is a village on the eastern edge of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, northern Hungary, in the famous Tokaj-Hegyalja wine district, 55 km (34 mi) from Miskolc.

Aerialphotography of Tarcal

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Jewish community 3
  • Sights of Tarcal 4
  • Images 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7

Geography

Tarcal is located at , at the western foot of the 516 m high Nagy Hill at Tokaj at the southernmost foothills of the Eperjes-Tokaj mountain range..

Tarcal is probably the best grape-growing locale of the world famous Tokaj-Hegyalja wine district. All the traditional Tokaji grape varieties (Furmint, Hárslevelű, Sárga Muskotály (Yellow muscat) grown here dry well on the vine, so they are suitable for excellent vintage wines, special quality Szamorodni wines, and 3-to-6 Puttonyos Tokaji aszú wines. These wines are seasoned in oakwood casks in cellars covered with choice mould (racodium cellare, a noble cellar mould).

History

The estate was presented to Captain Turzul by Árpád at the time of the Conquest.

In 1941 the population of Tarcal was 4004.

During deportations to the USSR in 1945 the local priest János Szerednyei voluntarily agreed to join a group of Tarcal inhabitants rounded up for deportations. He was sent to a labour camp in Vorosilovka, a part of the gulag. Szerednyei died in a coal mine accident in 1948.

Jewish community

The Jewish population in Tarcal was 299 in 1941. Most of the Tarcal Jews perished in the Holocaust in 1944. In 1946 only 30 Jews lived in Tarcal.[1]

Among the famous rabbis of Tarcal were:

Sights of Tarcal

The architectural sights of the village are mostly connected to the Rákóczi family. The mansions called King court, Rákóczi tavern and Sebeö mansion got their present form at the end of the 18th century.

The Roman Catholic church is from 1615. Its foundations, crypt and the bottom part of the tower are of medieval origin. The Calvinist church, where a memorial tablet commemorates the Reformed Confession, which was created here by the Tarcal Council in 1564, and the oval planned Terézia chapel were built between 1770 and 1790. The renovated synagogue was built in the second half of the 17th century.

Another interesting sight of Tarcal may be the Andrássy Manor, which was built in baroque style in the 16th century. Under the mansion, owned by the Andrássy family for several decades, there is a hidden cellar mainly used for producing and storing wine.

Images

A panorama of Tarcal taken from the Kopasz mountain

Notes

  1. ^ . Jewishgen.org http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_hungary/hun305.html. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 

References

  • [1]
  • [2]
  • Street map (Hungarian)
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