World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ted Lyons

Article Id: WHEBN0000748114
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ted Lyons  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Billy Pierce, Chicago White Sox, List of Chicago White Sox Opening Day starting pitchers, Red Ruffing, Early Wynn
Collection: 1900 Births, 1986 Deaths, American League All-Stars, American League Era Champions, American League Wins Champions, American Marine Corps Personnel of World War II, Baseball Players from Louisiana, Baylor Bears Baseball Players, Baylor Bears Basketball Players, Brooklyn Dodgers Coaches, Chicago White Sox Managers, Chicago White Sox Players, Chicago White Sox Scouts, Detroit Tigers Coaches, Knuckleball Pitchers, Major League Baseball Pitchers, Major League Baseball Pitching Coaches, Major League Baseball Player-Managers, Major League Baseball Players with Retired Numbers, Minor League Baseball Managers, National Baseball Hall of Fame Inductees, People from Lake Charles, Louisiana, Sportspeople from Lake Charles, Louisiana, United States Marines
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ted Lyons

Ted Lyons
Lyons in 1930
Pitcher / Manager
Born: (1900-12-28)December 28, 1900
Lake Charles, Louisiana
Died: July 25, 1986(1986-07-25) (aged 85)
Sulphur, Louisiana
Batted: Switch Threw: Right
MLB debut
July 2, 1923, for the Chicago White Sox
Last MLB appearance
May 19, 1946, for the Chicago White Sox
MLB statistics
Win–loss record 260–230
Earned run average 3.67
Strikeouts 1,073
Teams

As player

As manager

Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Baseball Hall of Fame
Inducted 1955
Vote 86.5% (eighth ballot)

Theodore Amar Lyons (December 28, 1900 – July 25, 1986) was an American professional baseball starting pitcher, manager and coach in Major League Baseball (MLB). He played MLB seasons, all with the Chicago White Sox. He is the franchise leader in wins.[1] Lyons won 20 or more games three times (in 1925, 1927, and 1930) and became a fan favorite in Chicago.

He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1955. He has the second highest career ERA of any Hall of Fame pitcher.[2] He is also the only Hall of Fame pitcher who gave up more walks than he had strikeouts.

Contents

  • Career 1
    • Playing career 1.1
    • Managing and coaching career 1.2
  • Later life 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Career

Playing career

Lyons' 1933 Goudey baseball card.

Lyons broke into the major leagues in 1923 after playing collegiate baseball at Baylor University. He joined the White Sox on a road trip and never pitched a day in the minors. He recorded his first 2 wins as a relief pitcher in a doubleheader on October 6, 1923, making him one of the first pitchers to perform the feat. He worked his way into the starting rotation the following year, when he posted a 12–11 record and 4.87 ERA.

Lyons pitched a no-hitter on August 21, 1926, which took just 1 hour and 45 minutes to complete (Ted Lyons August 21, 1926 No-hitter Box Score).

Lyons was at his crafty best in 1930, when he posted a 22–15 record and A.L.-leading totals of 29 complete games and 297⅔ innings for a team that finished 62–92. Prior to a 1931 arm injury, his pitches included a "sailer" (now known as a cut fastball), knuckleball, curveball, and changeup. After the 1931 injury, his pitches included a fastball, slow curve, knuckleball and an even slower curveball used as a changeup.[3]

As Lyons aged, his career benefited from the White Sox's decision to never let him pitch more than 30 games per season from 1934 on. He was such a draw among the fans that, as his career began to wind down in 1939, manager Jimmy Dykes began using him only in Sunday afternoon games,[4] which earned him the nickname "Sunday Teddy". Lyons made the most of his unusual scheduling, winning 52 of 82 decisions from 1939 until 1942.

During 1942, Lyons' 20th and last full season, he led the league with a 2.10 ERA and completed every one of his 20 starts. Although exempt from the military draft due to age, after the season he enlisted in the United States Marine Corps and fought in the Pacific War. In 1943, the White Sox announced that his jersey number would not be reissued.[5] In May of that year, he was based in Chicago at the Navy Pier. He commented that he would not be able to return to pitching if the war lasted three or four more years.[6]

He made a brief return to the mound in 1946, with a 2.32 ERA[4] in five games, all complete. He stopped pitching for good that season, having compiled a 260–230 record, 356 complete games, 1073 strikeouts and a 3.67 ERA. He never appeared in a postseason game, as the generally mediocre-to-poor White Sox were usually far behind the American League leaders during his career. In Lyons' 21 seasons with the Sox, they finished fifth or lower (in an eight-team league) 16 times, and never finished higher than third. New York Yankees manager Joe McCarthy said, "If he'd pitched for the Yankees, he would have won over 400 games."

Managing and coaching career

Lyons succeeded Dykes as the White Sox manager in May 1946 after an apparent contract dispute between Dykes and Grace Comiskey.[7] He had less success as a manager than he had as a player, guiding them to a meager 185–245 record. Lyons resigned as manager in October 1948.[8]

Lyons coached the pitchers for the Detroit Tigers (1949–52) and Brooklyn Dodgers (1954).

The Chicago White Sox retired Lyons' number 16.

Later life

In 1955, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Lyons served as a scout with the White Sox until his retirement in 1967.[9] Lawrence Ritter and Donald Honig included Lyons in their book The 100 Greatest Baseball Players of All Time (1981).

On July 25, 1986, Lyons died in a nursing home in Sulphur, Louisiana.[10] One year later, the Chicago White Sox retired his uniform number, #16.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Chicago White Sox Top 10 Pitching Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  2. ^ Hall of Fame Pitchers list
  3. ^ The Neyer/James Guide to Pitchers: An Historical Compendium of Pitching, Pitchers, and Pitches. Bill James and Rob Neyer. 2004.
  4. ^ a b Bullock, Steven R. (2004). Playing for Their Nation: Baseball and the American Military during World War II. University of Nebraska Press. pp. 110–111, 135–136.  
  5. ^ "Lyons' jersey retired".  
  6. ^ Hoff, Dave (May 8, 1943). "Lyons plans return to mound after war".  
  7. ^ "Pitcher Ted Lyons new Chicago skipper".  
  8. ^ "O'Connor said to have left Chicago Sox".  
  9. ^ "Chicago writers to honor Ted Lyons".  
  10. ^ "Hall of Famer, Ted Lyons".  

External links

  • Ted Lyons at the Baseball Hall of Fame
  • Ted Lyons at Find a Grave
  • Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference (Minors)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.