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Temple, TX

 

Temple, TX

Temple, Texas
City
City of Temple

Kyle Hotel, a former hotel-turned-apartment building, at 111 Main Street in December 2009.

Seal
Nickname(s): "Wildflower Capital of Texas"
Motto: "Choose Temple!"

Location of Temple, Texas

Coordinates: 31°5′37″N 97°21′44″W / 31.09361°N 97.36222°W / 31.09361; -97.36222Coordinates: 31°5′37″N 97°21′44″W / 31.09361°N 97.36222°W / 31.09361; -97.36222

Country  United States of America
State  Texas
County Bell
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Mayor Bill Jones III
Danny Dunn
Patsy E. Luna
Perry Cloud
Russell Schneider
 • City Manager David Blackburn
Area
 • Total 65.3 sq mi (66.5 km2)
 • Land 65.4 sq mi (169.3 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 719 ft (219 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 66,102
 • Density 1,012.3/sq mi (390.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 76501-76505, 76508, 76502
Area code(s) 254
FIPS code 48-72176[1]
GNIS feature ID 1369696[2]
Website

Temple is a city in Bell County, Texas. In the 2010 United States Census, Temple's population was 66,102, an increase of more than 20 percent from the 2000 U.S. Census.

Located near the county seat of Belton, Temple lies in the region referred to as Central Texas and is a principal city in the Killeen–Temple–Fort Hood Metropolitan Statistical Area. Located off Interstate 35, Temple is 65 miles north of Austin and 34 miles south of Waco.

History


Temple was founded as a railroad town in 1881, by the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railroad. It was incorporated in 1882.[3] The town was named after a Santa Fe Railroad official, Bernard Moore Temple.[4] Temple was a civil engineer and former surveyor with the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway Company.

In 1882, the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad built through the town and soon after, the Santa Fe railroad made Temple a division point. In its early years, Temple was a town of shacks and tents with a large number of saloons and tough characters found in the early west. Locally, it was nicknamed Tanglefoot, because some citizens found that the combination of muddy streets and liquor made walking through the town challenging. After the town was incorporated in 1882, two private schools were founded in the city: The Temple Academy was organized and public school was established in 1884. In 1893, the annual Temple Stag Party began, growing out of a private Thanksgiving celebration attended by the town's leading men. It was held until 1923.[5]

The Temple Railroad and Heritage Museum, on the second floor of the Santa Fe Railroad station at 315 West Avenue B, commemorates the connection between railroads and the city.[6]

Geography

Temple is located at 31°5′37″N 97°21′44″W / 31.09361°N 97.36222°W / 31.09361; -97.36222 (31.093678, -97.362202).[7] It is the second largest city in Bell county, population 66,102.[8] Temple is situated within a relatively short drive of most of the major cities of Texas: 121 miles to Fort Worth, 134 miles to Dallas, 65 miles to Austin, 143 miles to San Antonio, and 187 miles to Houston. The city is located right on Interstate 35 running alongside the Balcones Fault with very mixed geography. Towards the east lies the Blackland Prairie region (a rich farming area) and towards the west the terrain rises with low rolling limestone layered hills at the northeastern tip of the Texas Hill Country. As the Central Texas economy develops at a fast pace, the fertile farming land to the east is transitioning to more suburban residential developments, retail centers and scientific/industrial complexes.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 65.4 square miles (169 km2), of which 65.3 square miles (169 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.14%) is water.

Climate

Climate data for Temple, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88
(31)
98
(37)
97
(36)
99
(37)
100
(38)
106
(41)
108
(42)
109
(43)
110
(43)
99
(37)
92
(33)
86
(30)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 61
(16)
64
(18)
71
(22)
79
(26)
85
(29)
91
(33)
95
(35)
96
(36)
90
(32)
81
(27)
71
(22)
62
(17)
78.8
(26.1)
Average low °F (°C) 36
(2)
40
(4)
47
(8)
55
(13)
63
(17)
70
(21)
73
(23)
72
(22)
66
(19)
56
(13)
47
(8)
38
(3)
55.3
(12.8)
Record low °F (°C) 6
(−14)
12
(−11)
15
(−9)
30
(−1)
41
(5)
50
(10)
52
(11)
57
(14)
39
(4)
22
(−6)
19
(−7)
−5
(−21)
−5
(−21)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.13
(54.1)
2.69
(68.3)
3.19
(81)
2.59
(65.8)
4.51
(114.6)
4.23
(107.4)
1.93
(49)
2.25
(57.2)
3.70
(94)
3.97
(100.8)
2.94
(74.7)
2.75
(69.9)
36.88
(936.8)
Source: weather.com[9]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census


As of the census[1] of 2010, there were 66,102 people, 23,359 households, and 15,878 families residing in the city. The population density was 834.2 people per square mile (373.6/km²). There were 28,005 housing units at an average density of 359.8 per square mile (138.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.1% White, 23.7% Hispanic or Latino, 16.9% African American, 0.6%Native American,2.1%Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 3.3% from two or more races.

There were 23,359 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.1 under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $47,240 and the median income for a family was $42,795. Males had a median income of $30,858 versus $22,113 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,740. About 10.8% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Temple is home to many regional distribution centers andis headquarters to two large, multi-national companies, Wilsonart International and McLane Company,[10] as well as the internationally known McLane Group. Temple is also home to the Temple Bottling Company which produces Dr Pepper with Imperial cane Sugar.

The Temple Mall serves as the city's major shopping destination, and together with other local shopping centers offers most popular national retailers. The mall has the only Macy's between Austin and Dallas.

Temple is also in close proximity to the US military base of Fort Hood, and military personnel consist a small part of the city's economy.

Education

Primary and secondary schools

The City of Temple is served by the Temple Independent School District. The district has one high school, three middle schools, nine elementary schools, and three supplemental learning programs (early childhood center, alternative learning center and an innovative academy high school program). Students attend Temple High School.[11]

In addition, Temple is home to several private schools: Saint Mary's Catholic School (Pre K-8),[12] Holy Trinity Catholic High School (Texas),[13] and Central Texas Christian School (K–12).[14]

Colleges and universities

Temple College offers two-year associate degrees in a variety of subjects, with strong programs in business administration, information technology and nursing. Temple College was the first college located in Temple, and opened in 1926.[15]

Temple is also home to one of two locations of the Olin Teague Veterans' Hospital Center.

Adjacent Belton is home to the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor offering both Bachelor's and Master's degrees in various fields of study. Temple is within a short drive of several other regional and national universities: Baylor University in Waco, the University of Texas in Austin, Texas A&M University in College Station, and Texas A&M University–Central Texas in Killeen.

Media

The city is served by several dozen radio, television, and newspaper outlets.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Temple was founded as a railroad junction, and serves as a major freight railroad hub to this day. Both the Union Pacific Railroad and BNSF Railway have mainlines serving the city, and a BNSF rail yard and locomotive maintenance facility are located here. Amtrak also serves the city with its Texas Eagle passenger train, which stops at the Temple Railway Station.

Temple does not currently have commercial airline service, but is served indirectly by these airports:

Health care

Temple is known for its strength as a regional medical center (this is primarily due to the highly respected Scott & White Memorial Hospital). Scott & White is the largest employer in town with about 12,000 employees. With Scott & White, the Veterans' Hospital Center, and other smaller clinics, Temple is home to more physicians per capita than any other community in the nation. Temple is the site of one of two major campuses for the Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine.

Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board

The Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board has its headquarters in Temple.[16]

Criminal Justice

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates a regional office in the city.[17]

Postal Service

The United States Postal Service operates a regional office in the city.[18]

Notable people


References

Texas portal

External links

  • City Website
  • Texas Highschool Hall of Fame Inductees
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