Terrorism in Central Asia

Terrorism in Central Asia is largely a cross-border phenomenon. The source of most terrorists and terrorist organizations that operate in Central Asia is Afghanistan due to the former presence of the Taliban, and the Ferghana Valley due to the Tajik Civil War.1


The Chinese and Kyrgyz governments increased security along their borders with each other and Tajikistan on 11 January 2007 after Chinese government officials expressed concern that "international terrorists" were traveling through Xinjiang and Central Asia to carry out attacks. The warning followed a high profile raid on a training camp in Akto County, Xinjiang run by East Turkestan Islamic Movement members. General Sadyrbek Dubanayev, deputy chief of Kyrgyzstan's border guards, said, "After the announcement of the special operation by the Chinese side, we briefed everyone [security authorities on the Kyrgyz side] and then Kyrgyzstan and China decided to increase security along the border."

United States Congressional testimony

Jones testimony

Hizb ut-Tahrir, which praises attacks on U.S. troops in Iraq. She said that despite the death of IMU leader Juma Namangani, the "IMU is still active in the region – particularly in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan – and it represents a serious threat to the region and therefore to our interests."[1]

Negroponte testimony

John Negroponte, the United States Director of National Intelligence, testified before the Senate Intelligence Committee in an annual review of security threats on 11 January 2007 that the "repression, leadership stasis and corruption that tend to characterize these regimes [in Central Asia] provide fertile soil for the development of radical Islamic sentiment and movements, and raise the questions about the Central Asian states' reliability as energy and counterterrorism partners."[2]

Afghanistan and Pakistan terrorist training

Pakistani government's support in the War on Terror.[3]

Regional cooperation

The governments of Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Iran participated in an anti-terrorism conference on 14 July 2005 focusing on preventing attacks against oil and natural gas pipelines in the Caspian Sea. Russian President Vladimir Putin attended.[4]

See also


  1. Vitaly V. Naumkin. Radical Islam in Central Asia, Between Pen and Rifle, ISBN 0-7425-2930-4
  2. Lutz Kleveman. The New Great Game: Blood and Oil in Central Asia, Grove Press, 2004, ISBN 0-8021-4172-2
  3. Ahmed Rashid. Jihad: The Rise of Militant Islam in Central Asia, Yale University, 2002, ISBN 0-300-09345-4
  1. ^ U.S.: Diplomat sees growing terrorism challenge in Central Asia RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
  2. ^ US warns of instability in Central Asia NDTV
  3. ^ Pakistan denies Russian charges on terrorist training RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
  4. ^ Caspian states hold anti-terrorism talks RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

External links

  • http://commdocs.house.gov/committees/intlrel/hfa90361.000/hfa90361_0f.htm
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