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Texians

Texians (also known as Texasians, Texilingans, Texicans, and Texonians) were [1]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Colonial settlement 1.1
    • Texians of the Republic of Texas 1836 to 1846 1.2
  • Current usage 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

Colonial settlement

Many different immigrant groups came to Texas over the centuries. There was Spanish immigration in the 17th century, French and English in the 18th century, and massive German, Dutch, Swedish, Irish, Scottish, Scots-Irish, and Welsh immigration in the years leading up to Texas independence in the 19th century. Thus, the word Texian is not specific to white immigrants or English-speaking immigrants that settled the land. So, before Texas became a sovereign nation in 1836, Texian referred to any resident, of any color or language.[2]

In 1834–36, the Texas Revolution of independence from Mexico, a nation which had won its independence from Spain a dozen or so years earlier. The Texian Army was a diverse group of people from many different nations and states. The Texian Army was made up of native-born Tejano volunteers,[3]:24 volunteers from the Southern United States; and people from England, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Portugal, and what is now the Czech Republic.[4] Used in this sense, terms like "Texian Army", "Texian forces", or "Texian troops" would refer to any of the inhabitants of Texas, in that era, who participated in the Texas Revolution.

Texians of the Republic of Texas 1836 to 1846

Texian was a popular [1]

In reality, it was the [1] The Texas Almanac of 1857 bemoaned the shift in usage, saying "Texian ... has more euphony, and is better adapted to the conscience of poets who shall hereafter celebrate our deeds in sonorous strains than the harsh, abrupt, ungainly, appellation, Texan—impossible to rhyme with anything but the merest doggerel."[6]:176 The Almanac continued to use the earlier term until 1868. Indeed, many who had lived through the times of Revolution and Republic continued to call themselves Texians into the 20th century.

Current usage

For many whose ancestors lived in Texas during the Revolution and Republic years, Texian is proudly used (in lieu of Texan) as indicative of that heritage. Among Texas Revolution battle reenactors, Texian is used almost exclusively. The Houston Dynamo Soccer Club supporters have been dubbed the "Texian Army".

See also

  • Tejano, the Hispanic-American citizens of the state and former Republic.
  • Texan

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Fletcher, Herbert. TEXIAN.  
  2. ^ http://www.tamu.edu/faculty/ccbn/dewitt/txweb/txwebmain.htm
  3. ^ del la Teja, Jesus (1991), A Revolution Remembered: The Memoirs and Selected Correspondence of Juan N. Seguin, Austin, TX: State House Press,  
  4. ^ Todish, Timothy J.; Todish, Terry; Spring, Ted (1998), Alamo Sourcebook, 1836: A Comprehensive Guide to the Battle of the Alamo and the Texas Revolution, Austin, TX: Eakin Press,  
  5. ^ Fletcher, Herbert. TEXAN.  
  6. ^ The Texas Almanac, for 1857, with Statistics, Historical and Biographical Sketches, &c., Relating to Texas. (A 1966 facsimile reproduction by A. H. Belo Corporation, Dallas, Texas ed.). Galveston: Richardson and Company. 1857.  

External links

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