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The Omni Homestead Resort

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Title: The Omni Homestead Resort  
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Subject: Mountain Road Lottery, Hotel buildings on the National Register of Historic Places in Virginia, Virginia gubernatorial election, 2013
Collection: Buildings and Structures in Bath County, Virginia, Colonial Revival Architecture in Virginia, Curtis Cup Venues, Golf Clubs and Courses Designed by Donald Ross, Golf Clubs and Courses in Virginia, Greek Revival Architecture in Virginia, Hotel Buildings on the National Register of Historic Places in Virginia, Hotels Established in 1892, Houses Completed in 1892, National Historic Landmarks in Virginia, National Register of Historic Places in Bath County, Virginia, Queen Anne Architecture in Virginia, Resorts in the United States, Ski Areas and Resorts in Virginia, Visitor Attractions in Bath County, Virginia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

The Omni Homestead Resort

The Homestead
Front view of The Homestead Resort
The Omni Homestead Resort is located in Virginia
The Omni Homestead Resort
Location US 220, Hot Springs, Virginia
Area 27 acres (11 ha)
Built 1892
Architect Multiple
Architectural style Queen Anne, Greek Revival, Colonial Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 84003494[1]
VLR # 008-0025
Significant dates
Added to NRHP May 3, 1984
Designated NHL July 17, 1991[2]
Designated VLR March 20, 1984[3]

The Homestead Resort is a luxury resort in Hot Springs, Virginia, in the middle of the Allegheny Mountains. The area has the largest hot springs in the state, and the resort is also known for its championship golf courses, which have hosted several national tournaments. The resort also includes an alpine ski resort; founded in 1959, it is the oldest in Virginia. The resort has been designated a National Historic Landmark; it has a history extending nearly two and a half centuries. The Omni Homestead Resort is a member of Historic Hotel of America[4] the official program of the National Trust for Historic Preservation


  • History 1
  • Golf 2
    • Tournaments 2.1
  • Ski resort 3
  • Ice skating rink 4
    • Statistics 4.1
      • Elevation 4.1.1
      • Terrain 4.1.2
      • Resort capacity 4.1.3
  • March 2009 shooting 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


In 1766, Thomas Bullitt built a lodge on the site, which is considered the founding of The Homestead. It has hosted vacationers ever since, including twenty-two U.S. presidents.

The Homestead in 1903

The modern resort dates from 1888-1892, when a group of investors headed by J. P. Morgan bought the business and started rebuilding it from the ground up. The original hotel buildings burned down in 1901 caused by a fire in the bakery. The main Homestead hotel was constructed afterwards, one wing a year, with the main lobby reconstructed in 1903.

Many American Presidents and influential people were Homestead guests. William Howard Taft spent July and August, 1908 at the Homestead, working and relaxing before the final campaign push, as briefly did outgoing President Theodore Roosevelt.[5] Other notable guests included cartoonist Carl E. Schultze of Foxy Grandpa fame.

From December 1941 until June 1942, following the United States' entry into World War II, the Homestead served as a high-end internment camp for 785 Japanese diplomats and their families until they could be exchanged through neutral channels for their American counterparts.[6][7] The diplomats were later transferred to the Greenbrier Hotel in West Virginia.[8]

In 1993, The Homestead was purchased by Club Resorts, the same company which owned the Pinehurst Resort. In 2006 Club Resorts and its parent company ClubCorp, Inc. were acquired by a private-equity group led by KSL Capital Partners, LLC. KSL Resorts assumed management of The Homestead at this time. KSL sold the resort to Omni Hotels in 2013 and it was renamed The Omni Homestead Resort.[9]

It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1991. Associated with The Homestead are the Homestead Dairy Barns, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2007.[1]


Cascades Course logo

The Homestead features two golf courses. The club is sometimes referred to as Virginia Hot Springs Golf & Tennis Club.

The Old Course started as a six-hole layout in 1892, and the first tee is the oldest in continuous use in the United States.[10] It was expanded to 18 holes by 1901, and Donald Ross redesigned it in 1913. The course has been modified at various times since, and the current course has six par 5s and six par 3s, a somewhat unusual layout.

The Cascades Course is the most famous of the three, and is usually ranked among the top 100 U.S. courses by both Golf Digest and GOLF Magazine. The Cascades is the course used when hosting national tournaments, including seven United States Golf Association championships. It was designed by William S. Flynn (who was also a main architect for Shinnecock Hills), and opened in 1923.

Famed PGA Tour champion Sam Snead lived in or near Hot Springs all of his life, and served for decades as the Homestead's golf pro. One of the Homestead's restaurants, Sam Snead's Tavern, contains many memorabilia related to his career.


Ski resort

The ski area at The Homestead was opened in 1959;[11] it is the oldest ski resort in Virginia, and the second-oldest continuously operating alpine ski resort in the Southern United States (after Wisp Resort).

The resort's main and only northwest-facing slope is serviced by three lifts, including a double chairlift which accesses the intermediate and advanced terrain at the top of the hill, and two surface lift]]s which serve the beginner terrain at the bottom. The chairlift has a mid-mountain drop-off station which accesses intermediate terrain. The resort offers a half-pipe and a terrain park for skiers and snowboarders, and a variety of other winter activities including snow tubing, snowshoeing, cross-country skiing, and snowmobile tours.

Ice skating rink

Originally an olympic size skating rink, that closed after the Zamboni became unusable after years without repair. However, in 2008, The Homestead built a 30 X 20 foot ice skating rink in time for the 2008-2009 winter season. It is located on the north slope of the property, next to the outdoor restaurant and gift shop. A small festival of lights surrounds the rink, and an outdoor fire with piped-in music.



  • Summit Elevation: 3,200 ft (980 m)
  • Base Elevation: 2,500 ft (760 m)
  • Vertical Rise: 700 feet (210 m)


  • Skiable area: 45 acres (0.18 km2)
  • Runs: 10 total
    • 30% beginner
    • 30% intermediate
    • 40% advanced
  • Longest run: 4,200 feet (1,300 m)
  • Annual snowfall: 50 inches (1.3 m)

Resort capacity

  • Lift system: 3 lifts total
  • Uphill lift capacity: 2,300 skiers/hour
  • Snowmaking: 100% of trails

March 2009 shooting

On March 21, 2009 two resort employees were shot and killed in the hotel kitchen;[12] the community of Hot Springs was briefly locked down under code red procedures as a security precaution.[13] Authorities identified fellow employee Beacher Hackney as a suspect in the killings.[14] The slayings were the first homicides in Bath County since 1983.[15] On September 2, 2012, Hackney's remains, clothing, some personal possessions, and pistol were found near the Homestead's Lower Cascades golf course.[16] The cause of death has not been determined.[17]


  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  2. ^ "Homestead, The". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-26. 
  3. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 05-12-2013. 
  4. ^ "Hotels in Hot Springs, Virginia | The Omni Homestead Resort | Historic Hotels of America". Retrieved 2014-05-13. 
  5. ^ D.K. Goodwin, The Bully Pulpit, pp. 547-548, 558
  6. ^ "The Homestead: A Great Hotel Entertains Jap Diplomats as a Patriotic Duty," Life Magazine, 1942-02-16, at p. 68.
  7. ^ "World War II Detention of Diplomats & Families". Montreat History Spotlight. Presbyterian Heritage Center at Montreat. 2010. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  8. ^ Stewart, William H. (2012). "Diplomats, Disputes & Deceit World War II's First Exchange of Enemy Diplomats". Saipan Stewart. NCC Consulting. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  9. ^ facebook (2013-06-12). "The Homestead acquired by Texas-based Omni Hotels - Richmond Times-Dispatch: Business & Economic News". Retrieved 2014-05-13. 
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ Phillips, John (2001). Ski and Snowboard America - Mid-Atlantic: The Complete Guide to Downhill Skiing, Snowboarding, Cross Country Skiing, Snow Tubing, and More Throughout the Mid-Atlantic Region. Guilford, Connecticut: Globe Pequot Press. p. 178.  
  12. ^ "2 Workers Shot to Death at a Virginia Resort". The New York Times. 2009-03-22. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  13. ^ "News Release". Bath Co. Sheriff's Office. 2009-03-21. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  14. ^ "Search continues for Bath County shooter". 2009-03-23. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  15. ^ Kunkle, Frederick (2009-03-23). "Man Sought in Slayings of Homestead Resort Supervisors in Bath County, Virginia". The Washington Post. p. B01. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  16. ^ Oxendine, Margo (September 20, 2012). "3-year-old murder case closed". The Recorder. Retrieved August 7, 2013. 
  17. ^ Kaplan, David (September 18, 2012). "Cause of Beacher Hackney's death may never be determined". WDBJ7. Retrieved August 7, 2013. 

External links

  • Official website
  • Official page at Omni Hotels site
  • Detailed look at the Cascades Course
  • "Taking the Waters: 19th Century Mineral Springs: Hot Springs." Claude Moore Health Sciences Library, University of Virginia
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