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The Smashing Pumpkins


The Smashing Pumpkins

The Smashing Pumpkins
2010 line-up of The Smashing Pumpkins (left to right): Nicole Fiorentino, Billy Corgan, and Jeff Schroeder performing at the Orbit Room in Grand Rapids, Michigan, on July 8, 2010
Background information
Origin Chicago, Illinois, United States
Genres Alternative rock
Years active 1988–2000, 2006–present
Labels Caroline, Constantinople, Hut, Martha's Music, Rocket Science, Virgin, BMG
Associated acts Spirits in the Sky, Starchildren, Zwan
Website .com.smashingpumpkinsnexuswww
Members Billy Corgan
Jeff Schroeder
Past members James Iha
D'arcy Wretzky
Jimmy Chamberlin
Melissa Auf der Maur
Mike Byrne
Nicole Fiorentino

The Smashing Pumpkins are an American Jeff Schroeder currently being the only official core members as of 2014.

Disavowing the [3]

The Smashing Pumpkins broke into the musical mainstream with their second album, 1993's Siamese Dream. The group built its audience with extensive touring and their 1995 follow-up, the double album Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness, which debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 album chart. With 20 million albums sold in the United States alone,[4][5] the Smashing Pumpkins was one of the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed bands of the 1990s. However, internal fighting, drug use, and diminishing record sales led to a 2000 break-up.

In 2006, Billy Corgan and Jimmy Chamberlin reconvened to record a new Smashing Pumpkins album, Monuments to an Elegy and Day for Night. The first is due for release on December 9, 2014, and the later in 2015.[6]


  • History 1
    • Early years: 1988–1991 1.1
    • Mainstream success: 1992–1994 1.2
    • Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness: 1995–1997 1.3
    • Adore, Machina, and breakup: 1998–2000 1.4
    • Post-breakup: 2001–2004 1.5
    • Reformation and Zeitgeist: 2005–2008 1.6
    • Teargarden and Oceania: 2009–2013 1.7
    • Monuments to an Elegy and Day for Night: 2014–present 1.8
  • Musical style, influences, and legacy 2
  • Music videos 3
  • Band members 4
  • Discography 5
  • See also 6
  • Footnotes 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9


Early years: 1988–1991

After the breakup of his [40]

The band suffered a personal tragedy on the night of July 11, 1996, when touring keyboardist Zeitgeist. I think they wanted this massive, grandiose work, but you don't just roll out of bed after seven years without a functioning band and go back to doing that".

Corgan and Chamberlin continued to record as a duo, releasing the four-song EP [75]

Teargarden and Oceania: 2009–2013

Corgan and Jeff Schroeder onstage

In March 2009, Corgan announced on the band's website that Chamberlin had left the group and would be replaced.[76] Chamberlin subsequently stated that his departure from the band is "a positive move forward for me. I can no longer commit all of my energy into something that I don't fully possess."[77] Chamberlin stressed that the split was amicable, commenting, "I am glad [Corgan] has chosen to continue under the name. It is his right."[78] Chamberlin soon formed the band Skysaw, which has released an album and toured in support of Mike Byrne had replaced Chamberlin and that the pair was working on new Pumpkins recordings.[80]

The group announced plans to release a 44-track concept album, Teargarden by Kaleidyscope, for free over the Internet one track at a time.[81] The first track, "A Song for a Son", was released in December 2009 to moderate press acclaim.[82][83] In March 2010, Ginger Reyes officially left the band, prompting an open call for auditions for a new bassist.[84] In May, Nicole Fiorentino announced she had joined the band as bass player, and would be working on Teargarden by Kaleidyscope.[85] The new lineup went on a world tour through to the end of 2010.[86] One of the first shows with the new lineup was a concert to benefit Matthew Leone, bassist for the rock band Madina Lake, at the Metro on July 27, 2010. In late 2010, all four members contributed to the sessions for the third volume of Teargarden.[87][88]

On April 26, 2011, Corgan announced that the Smashing Pumpkins would be releasing a new album titled Oceania, which he labeled as "an album within an album" in regards to the Teargarden by Kaleidyscope project, in the fall.[89][90] As with the previous recording sessions, all four band members contributed to the project.[91] Also, the entire album catalog was to be remastered and reissued with bonus tracks, starting with Gish and Siamese Dream in November 2011.[89] The pre-Gish demos, Pisces Iscariot, and Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness were released in 2012 with The Aeroplane Flies High being released the following year. Adore will be released in 2014 while Machina/The Machines of God and the yet commercially unreleased Machina II/Friends and Enemies of Modern Music are expected to be combined, remixed, and released in the same year. The band did a thirteen-city US tour in October 2011 followed by a European tour in November and December.[92]

Oceania was released on June 19, 2012 and received generally positive reviews. The album debuted at No. 4 on the Billboard 200 and at No. 1 on the

  • Official website
  • The Smashing Pumpkins at DMOZ
  • The Smashing Pumpkins at AllMusic

External links

  • DeRogatis, Jim (2003). Milk It!: Collected Musings on the Alternative Music Explosion of the 90's.  
  • Erlewine, Stephen Thomas; Prato, Greg. "Biography". Allmusic. 
  • Kot, Greg (January 2002). "Pumpkin Seeds".  
  • Thompson, Dave (2000). Alternative Rock. San Francisco:  


  1. ^ Although frequently referred to as simply "Smashing Pumpkins", and credited as such on the covers of Gish, Siamese Dream, and Zeitgeist (and related singles), the band's name has more often been presented as "The Smashing Pumpkins", dating back to their first demo tape, and exclusively so between Mellon Collie (1995) and Earphoria (2002).
  2. ^ "Smashing Pumpkins – interview with bandleader Billy Corgan – Interview".  
  3. ^ William Shaw (December 1993). "Appetite for Destruction".  
  4. ^ "Searchable Database". Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  5. ^ There are differing reports on the Pumpkins's worldwide sales at the time of their breakup: Jim DeRogatis, in December 2000, reported a total of "twenty-two million copies sold". David Fricke, that same month, wrote of the band's "more than twenty-five million records sold worldwide". See Jim DeRogatis (2003). Milk It!: Collected Musings on the Alternative Music Explosion of the 90's.  
  6. ^ a b The Official Smashing Pumpkins. Retrieved on 2014-04-23.
  7. ^ Michael Goldberg. "Smashing Pumpkin D'Arcy Dares To Be Happy".  
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Kot, Greg (January 2002). "Pumpkin Seeds".  
  9. ^ "Smashing Pumpkins". Twitter. 25 years ago today we played our 1st show. Billy was on bass, James on guitar and a drum machine 
  10. ^ a b c Kelly, Christina (December 1, 1995). "Smashing Pumpkins: The Multi-Platinum Band Is Over the Infighting But Can the Harmony Last?".  
  11. ^ "From Fighting to Smashing".  
  12. ^ a b c "Jimmy Chamberlin [interview]".  
  13. ^ a b Keedle, Jayne (October 1, 1996). "Patchin' It Back Together".  
  14. ^ Kot, Greg (June 21, 1991). "Out of the Patch for Smashing Pumpkins, New Album Is Another Sign of Liftoff".  
  15. ^ Rotondi, James (January 1996). "Orange Crunch".  
  16. ^ Hilburn, Robert (August 3, 1998). "Smashing Pumpkins Endures When (and What) Other '90s Bands Couldn't".  
  17. ^ Davis, Darran (August 8, 2000). "Smashing Pumpkin Billy Corgan Leaving Hometown of Chicago". Yahoo! Music. Retrieved February 1, 2007. 
  18. ^ Corgan, Billy (October 1993). Corgan interview. (Interview). 120 Minutes. MTV. 
  19. ^ a b Azerrad, Michael. "Smashing Pumpkins' Sudden Impact", Rolling Stone. October 1, 1993.
  20. ^ Chamberlin, Jimmy; Corgan, Billy (interview subjects). Inside the Zeitgeist (Reprise Records, 2007).
  21. ^ Mundy, Chris. "Strange Fruit: Success Has Come at a High Price for this Chicago Band", Rolling Stone. April 21, 1994.
  22. ^ Shepherd, Julianne (June 13, 2005). "Billy Corgan (interview)". Archived from the original on November 11, 2006. Retrieved 2007-02-03.  Corgan has said on various occasions—most notably during the band's 2000 performance on VH1 Storytellers—that " 
  23. ^ "UB40? No, UB7!". August 13, 1993. Retrieved 2007-10-05. 
  24. ^ Rosen, Craig (November 2, 1999). """Pumpkins' "Dream. Yahoo! Music. Retrieved 2006-11-04. 
  25. ^ Gabriella (June 1999). "Interview with Stephen Malkmus of Pavement". Retrieved 2006-07-12. 
  26. ^ Albini, Steve. "Three Pandering Sluts and Their Music-Press Stooge", Chicago Reader. January 28, 1994.
  27. ^ Kelly, Christina. "Smashing Pumpkins-The Multi-Platinum Band is over the infighting but can the harmony last?" US Magazine, December 1, 1995.
  28. ^ "Smashing Pumpkins Artist Chart History: Albums". Billboard. Retrieved 2007-10-05. 
  29. ^ Corgan, Billy; Iha, James; Wretzky, D'arcy (December 19, 1996). Corgan interview. (Interview). Hora Prima.  
  30. ^ DeRogatis, pp. 46, 80.
  31. ^ Farley, Christopher John. "A Journey, Not a Joyride". Time. November 13, 1995.
  32. ^ Mellon Collie' Baby"'". November 10, 1995. Retrieved 2007-11-05. 
  33. ^ "Top 100 Albums". Recording Industry Association of America ( Retrieved 2007-08-04.  Sales for double albums are counted for each disc, thus 4.5 million copies of the double album package have been certified.
  34. ^ "Germ Warfare", Newsweek. October 14, 1996.
  35. ^ "Pumpkins' "Collectors" Set Has Mass Appeal". MTV. December 16, 1996. Archived from the original on May 9, 2007. Retrieved 2006-08-30. 
  36. ^ Corgan, Billy (February 2, 1996). Corgan interview. (Interview). Breakfast with Billy.  
  37. ^ Marks, Craig. "Zero Worship", Spin. June 1996.
  38. ^ Violanti, Anthony. "Cool in Control Smashing Pumpkins Weathers the Storms of Celebrity", Buffalo News. June 30, 1996.
  39. ^ "Fan Crushed at Smashing Pumpkin's Show". MTV. 1996. Retrieved 2006-06-23. 
  40. ^ Durando, Stu. "Wary of Injuries and Litigation, Concert Venues Take Extra Precautions to Deal with Moshing", St. Louis Post-Dispatch. July 17, 1996.
  41. ^ Errico, Marcus (July 17, 1996). "Smashing Pumpkins Drum Out Jimmy Chamberlin". Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  42. ^ Hendrickson, Matt. "Smashing Pumpkins' Keyboardist Dies of Drug Overdose; Drummer Charged with Possession", " International Index to Music Periodicals Full Text.". August 1996.
  43. ^ a b c d Di Perna, Alan. "Zero Worship", Guitar World. December 1995.
  44. ^ Graff, Gary. "Smashing Pumpkins—Rave of the Future", Guitar World. December 1996.
  45. ^ Gundersen, Edna. "Smashing that Pumpkins stereotype Band shuns 'tragic' label', USA Today. February 26, 1997.
  46. ^ Chris Connelly (May 2, 1997). MTV's Week in Rock (TV-Series). MTV. 
  47. ^ Fricke, David (December 29, 1998). "When Billy Corgan Speaks...". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2006-05-05. 
  48. ^ "Smashing Pumpkins Raise Over $2.8 Million on Charity Tour". MTV. September 22, 1998. Archived from the original on May 9, 2007. Retrieved 2006-08-30. 
  49. ^ "D'Arcy Exits Smashing Pumpkins". Billboard. September 10, 1999. Retrieved 2007-02-07. 
  50. ^ a b Newman, Melinda, and Jonathan Cohen (May 24, 2000). "Corgan: Smashing Pumpkins To Break Up". Billboard. Retrieved 2006-05-04. 
  51. ^ "Santana Still No. 1 Despite Strong Debuts". Billboard. March 9, 2000. Retrieved 2007-10-05. 
  52. ^ Tarlach, Gemma (April 11, 2000). "Once-Sizzling Bands Grapple with Fading Fame". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 2006-09-27. 
  53. ^ "Gold and Platinum Database Search". Recording Industry Association of America ( Archived from the original on September 2, 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-27. 
  54. ^ DeRogatis, pp. 84–85.
  55. ^ "Machina II/The Friends and Enemies of Modern Music". The Smashing Pumpkins Fan Collaborative Discography ( Retrieved 2007-01-12. 
  56. ^ a b Fricke, David (December 22, 2000). "Smashing Pumpkins Look Back in Wonder". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2006-10-25. 
  57. ^ There is one notable omission, "The End Is the Beginning Is the End". This was excluded because the rights are owned by Warner Bros., which loaned out the band from their regular label, Virgin Records.
  58. ^ a b Corgan, Billy. "A Message to Chicago from Billy Corgan", Chicago Tribune, June 21, 2005.
  59. ^ Rosen, Craig (May 22, 2000). "Ex-Pumpkin D'Arcy Wretzky Has Crack Case Wiped Clean". Retrieved 2006-05-08. 
  60. ^ Dansby, Andrew (September 15, 2003). "Zwan Call It Quits". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2007-02-02. 
  61. ^ Soghomonian, Talia (October 2005). "Interview: Billy Corgan". Retrieved 2009-02-20. 
  62. ^ Corgan, Billy (February 17, 2004). "Smashing Pumpkins (weblog)". Retrieved 2006-06-14. 
  63. ^ Corgan, Billy (June 3, 2004). "Smashing Pumpkins (weblog)". Retrieved 2006-06-14. 
  64. ^ Spitz, Marc. "Head On", Spin. August 2005.
  65. ^ Kiener, Dan (2005). "Pumpkins Reborn". Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  66. ^ Harris, Chris (February 2, 2006). "Smashing Pumpkins Reunion Is Under Way, According to Sources". MTV. Retrieved 2006-02-02. 
  67. ^ Kaufman, Gil (April 21, 2006). "Smashing Pumpkins Site Says "It's Official"—Band Has Reunited". MTV. Retrieved 2006-06-28. 
  68. ^ Goodman, Elizabeth (April 6, 2007). "Exclusive: James Iha Speaks Out Regarding His Involvement in Pumpkins Reunion". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2007-04-06. 
  69. ^ "Movers and Shakers in Canadian Arts". Globe and Mail. April 23, 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-23. 
  70. ^ Micallef, Ken. "The Evolution of Jimmy Chamberlin: Still Smashing!" Modern Drummer. November 2007.
  71. ^ Cohen, Jonathan (April 22, 2007). "Smashing Pumpkins Return to the Stage In Paris". Billboard. Retrieved 2007-07-22. 
  72. ^ "The Police and Smashing Pumpkins for US Live Earth". NME. April 10, 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-11. 
  73. ^ Hasty, Katie (July 18, 2007). "T.I. Holds Off Pumpkins, Interpol To Remain No. 1". Billboard. Retrieved 2007-08-10. 
  74. ^ Luerssen, John D. (March 19, 2008). "Smashing Pumpkins Entering the Studio to Plot Their Next Move". Retrieved 2008-02-19. 
  75. ^ Kot, Greg (December 9, 2008). "Billy Corgan dishes on the Smashing Pumpkins: The past is dead to me". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  76. ^ Prince, David J. (March 20, 2009). "Smashing Pumpkins Sheds Chamberlin; Billy Corgan Heads To Studio All Alone". Billboard. Retrieved 2009-03-22. 
  77. ^ Lindsay, Andrew (March 24, 2009). "Chamberlin on leaving the Pumpkins". Retrieved 2009-03-24. 
  78. ^ "Jimmy Talks About Leaving Pumpkins". March 26, 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-30. 
  79. ^ "Skysaw Touring with Minus the Bear in May/June". Dangerbird Records. 2011-04-21.
  80. ^ "The Smashing Pumpkins Replace Drummer". Billboard. Associated Press. August 19, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-26. 
  81. ^ "The Smashing Pumpkins to release free album". NME. September 17, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-17. 
  82. ^ Kreps, Daniel (December 7, 2009). """Smashing Pumpkins Unveil New "Teargarden by Kaleidyscope" Track "A Song for a Son. Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 10, 2009. 
  83. ^ Dombal, Ryan (December 7, 2009). """Hear the Epic New Smashing Pumpkins Track: "A Song for a Son. Pitchfork Media. Retrieved December 11, 2009. 
  84. ^ Phipps, Keith (March 9, 2010). "Help Wanted: Pumpkins". Retrieved 2010-03-09. 
  85. ^ "Smashing Pumpkins Acknowledge Report Identifying New Bassist". 2010-05-08.
  86. ^ – tour history : 2010.
  87. ^ Fiorentino, Nicole. "My Q & A". 2011-02-24.
  88. ^ "The Smashing Pumpkins Debut New Song "Lightning Strikes" Today Via RollingStone.Com". Press Release. 2011-03-17.
  89. ^ a b Perpetua, Matthew (April 26, 2011). "Smashing Pumpkins Announce Reissues, New Album". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  90. ^ Kot, Greg (April 26, 2011). "Smashing Pumpkins announce new album, extensive reissues". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  91. ^ Fiorentino, Nicole. "My "Oceania" Experience. 2011-07-11.
  92. ^ "THE SMASHING PUMPKINS Announces Fall Tour". Blabbermouth. 
  93. ^ Smashing Pumpkins 'Writing Songs for a New Album,' Corgan Says. Billboard. (September 05, 2012). Retrieved on 2012-09-16.
  94. ^ "CONCERT REVIEW: SMASHING PUMPKINS & MORNING PARADE(video) AT BARCLAYS CENTER DECEMBER 10, 2012". New York Music News. April 26, 2011. Retrieved December 11, 2012. 
  95. ^ Billy Corgan is working on two albums. (2013-09-13). Retrieved on 2014-04-23.
  96. ^ New Smashing Pumpkins music is being written. (2014-02-05). Retrieved on 2014-04-23.
  97. ^ The Official Smashing Pumpkins. Retrieved on 2014-04-23.
  99. ^ Camp, Zoe (June 15, 2014). "Smashing Pumpkins Drummer Mike Byrne Leaves Band".  
  100. ^ Buchanan, Brett (2014-07-15). "Nicole Fiorentino Reunites With Former Smashing Pumpkins Bandmate Mike Byrne". Retrieved 2014-08-04. 
  101. ^ "The Official Smashing Pumpkins". Retrieved 2014-08-04. 
  102. ^
  103. ^!CREATIONSP-ALBUMBSIDES-UPDATE-/c7ba/289DF05B-1868-40ED-9F3A-7C6BA16FE0F7
  104. ^ "Smashing Pumpkins Reunion Is On". NME. 2006. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  105. ^ DeRogatis, p. 80.
  106. ^ DeRogatis, p. 88.
  107. ^ "Smashing Pumpkins - Live at the Metro (1993)". 1993. Retrieved 2014-02-09. 
  108. ^ a b c Aledort, Andrew. "Introduction," in Siamese Dream Songbook. Miami: Warner Bros. Publications, 1994.
  109. ^ Corgan, Billy. "Guitar Geek USA" column. Guitar World, January 1996.
  110. ^ DeRogatis, p. 78.
  111. ^ Corgan, Billy. "Guitar Geek USA [column]," Guitar World. September 1995.
  112. ^ DeRogatis, p. 76.
  113. ^ Kaufman, Gil (January 14, 1998). """Pumpkins Recording Album of "Arcane Night Music. Addicted to Noise/ Retrieved 2006-09-07. 
  114. ^ Corgan, Billy. "Guitar Geek USA [column]," Guitar World. August 1995.
  115. ^ "Killer B's." Guitar World, January 1997.
  116. ^ Commentary for "Siva" music video. The Smashing Pumpkins 1991–2000: Greatest Hits Video Collection (Virgin Records, 2001).
  117. ^ "Smashing Pumpkins". Chicago Tribune. September 7, 1990. 
  118. ^ Parker, Lyndsey (October 25, 2000). "Exclusive LAUNCH Artist Chat". Nelly Furtado. Yahoo! Music. Retrieved 2007-04-09. 
  119. ^ Tyme, Gwyn (May 5, 2005). "My Chemical Romance—Interview with Gerard Way". Retrieved 2006-11-05. 
  120. ^ Montgomery, James (January 13, 2005). "My Chemical Romance Aim for Smashing Pumpkins Status". MTV. Retrieved 2006-11-05. 
  121. ^ Hudson, Marc (September 18, 2006). "Future Imperfect: Mat Devine of Kill Hannah". Retrieved 2007-02-12. 
  122. ^ Bondowski, Karen (December 21, 2006). "Interview with Kill Hannah's Matt Devine". Livewire ( Retrieved 2007-02-17. 
  123. ^ Commentary for "Tonight, Tonight" music video. The Smashing Pumpkins 1991–2000: Greatest Hits Video Collection (Virgin Records, 2001).
  124. ^ Greg Prato. "Greatest Hits [Video/DVD]". Allmusic. Retrieved March 4, 2012. 
  125. ^ Commentary for "Bullet with Butterfly Wings" music video. The Smashing Pumpkins 1991–2000: Greatest Hits Video Collection (Virgin Records, 2001).
  126. ^ Commentary for "Rocket" music video. The Smashing Pumpkins 1991–2000: Greatest Hits Video Collection (Virgin Records, 2001).
  127. ^ Commentary for "Thirty-Three" music video. The Smashing Pumpkins 1991–2000: Greatest Hits Video Collection (Virgin Records, 2001).
  128. ^ Corgan, Billy (1996). Interview. (Interview). Smashing Pumpkins Videography. MTV. 
  129. ^ Prato, Greg. "Greatest Hits [Video/DVD]". Allmusic. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 


See also

Studio albums


Former members
  • Billy Corgan – lead vocals, guitar, keyboards, bass guitar (1988–2000, 2006–present)
  • Jeff Schroeder – guitar, backing vocals, keyboards (2007–present)
Current members

Band members

Shortly after the band's 2000 breakup, the Greatest Hits Video Collection was released, collecting the band's music videos from 1991 to 2000 and including commentary from Corgan, Iha, Chamberlin, Wretzky, and various music video directors with outtakes, live performances, and the "Try, Try, Try" extended short film.[129] The band has also released several music videos to YouTube and other online sources since reuniting.

The band was nominated for several [128]

The Smashing Pumpkins have been praised for being "responsible for some of the most striking and memorable video clips" and for having "approached videos from a completely artistic standpoint rather than mere commercials to sell albums".[124] MTV's 2001 anniversary special Testimony: 20 Years of Rock on MTV credited the Pumpkins, along with [126] Videos like "Today", "Rocket", and "1979" dealt with images taken from middle American culture, albeit exaggerated. The group's videos so often avoid the literal interpretation of the song lyrics that the video for "Thirty-Three", with images closely related to the words of the song, was created as an intentional stylistic departure.[127]

[123] using theater-style backdrops and primitive special effects.silent film, the video was filmed in the style of a turn-of-the-century [112] This emphasis on atmosphere carried through to Adore (described as "arcane night music" in prerelease promotion)[113] and the Machina albums (concept records that tell the story of a fictional rock band).[8]

Some other musicians, such as Nelly Furtado (left) and Gerard Way (right), are influenced by the Pumpkins' material

The Pumpkins drew inspiration from a variety of other genres, some unfashionable during the 1990s among music critics. Corgan in particular was open about his appreciation of heavy metal, citing Cream, The Stooges, and Blue Cheer.[117]

Regarding the band's influence upon other groups, Greg Kot wrote in 2001, "Whereas Nirvana spawned countless mini-Nirvanas, the Pumpkins remain an island unto themselves."[8] Still, some artists and bands have mentioned the Pumpkins as an influence, such as

The set from the
A scene from the "Tonight, Tonight" music video, winner of the A Trip to the Moon

Music videos

[122] has compared his group to the Pumpkins.Mat Devine and lead singer [121] Like many contemporary alternative bands, The Smashing Pumpkins utilized shifts in song dynamics, going from quiet to loud and vice versa. Hüsker Dü's seminal album

The Smashing Pumpkins' distinctive sound up until Adore involved layering numerous guitar tracks onto a song during the recording process, a tactic that Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness coproducer Flood called the "Pumpkin guitar overdub army."[43] Although there were a lot of overdubbed parts on Gish, Corgan began to really explore the possibilities of overdubbing with Siamese Dream; Corgan has stated that "Soma" alone contains up to 40 overdubbed guitar parts.[108] While Corgan knew many of the songs would be difficult or impossible to replicate from their recorded versions in concert (in fact, some songs were drastically altered for live performance), he has explained the use of overdubbing by posing the question "When you are faced with making a permanent recorded representation of a song, why not endow it with the grandest possible vision?"[109] This use of multilayered sounds was inspired by Corgan's love of 1970s My Bloody Valentine, Ride, and Slowdive.[110]

The direction of the band is dominated by chief guitarist, lead vocalist, and principal songwriter Billy Corgan. Journalist Metro Chicago.[107]

Sample of "Cherub Rock" from Siamese Dream (1993), which features layers of guitar overdubs influenced by arena rock and shoegazing, as well as repeated use of "the Pumpkin chord".

Sample of "1979", the second single from Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness (1995). The band's biggest hit and a precursor to their change in style, featuring a drum machine accompaniment to Chamberlin's drums and sampled vocal effects.

Problems playing these files? See .

Musical style, influences, and legacy

On July 21, 2014, Corgan announced that recording for Monuments to an Elegy was complete, and that only mixing, which he announced would commence on August 18, 2014, was left to be done, also commenting that he hopes for a single to be released from the album sometime in October, and for the album itself to be released sometime in December. As well, he commented that the early stages of writing for the band's next album, Day for Night, would begin immediately as work on Monuments to an Elegy was complete.[101] On August 19, 2014 Corgan confirmed via Stereogum that Jeff Schroeder is his only current official bandmate.[102] Monuments to an Elegy will be released on December 9, 2014 [103]

On May 8, 2014, Corgan announced that Tommy Lee, of Mötley Crüe, would be playing drums on Monuments to an Elegy.[98] In June, it was revealed that Mike Byrne was no longer in the band,[99] and Fiorentino would not be recording on the album either, though she was still open to touring in support of it.[100]

In September 2013, Corgan stated he was commencing work on "a pair of albums", though did not clarify whether or not either were Smashing Pumpkins material.[95] On February 5, 2014, he confirmed he was writing new Smashing Pumpkins material.[96] On March 25, 2014, Corgan announced he had signed a new record deal with [97]

Monuments to an Elegy and Day for Night: 2014–present

[94], which was released on September 24, 2013, without much comment on new material.Oceania: Live in NYC and the Barclays Center, where they recorded Dour Festival, Glastonbury Festival However, despite this, the band concentrated on touring, playing at [93] The band's new album,

In April 2007, Iha and Auf der Maur separately confirmed that they were not taking part in the reunion.[68][69] Chamberlin would later state that Iha and Wretzky "didn't want to be a part of" the reunion.[70] The Smashing Pumpkins performed live for the first time since 2000 on May 22, 2007, in Paris, France. There, the band unveiled new touring members: guitarist Jeff Schroeder, bassist Ginger Reyes, and keyboardist Lisa Harriton.[71] That same month, "Tarantula" was released as the first single from the band's forthcoming album. On July 7, the band performed at the Live Earth concert in New Jersey.[72]

[67][66][65], Corgan took out full-page advertisements in the TheFutureEmbrace On June 21, 2005, the day of the release of his album

The Smashing Pumpkins on May 24, 2007, at Jeff Schroeder.

Reformation and Zeitgeist: 2005–2008

Corgan insisted during this period that the band would not reform, although when Zwan broke up he announced, "I think my heart was in Smashing Pumpkins [...] I think it was naive of me to think that I could find something that would mean as much to me."[60] Corgan said in 2005, "I never wanted to leave the Smashing Pumpkins. That was never the plan."[61] On February 17, 2004, Corgan posted a message on his personal blog calling Wretzky a "mean-spirited drug addict" and blaming Iha for the breakup of The Smashing Pumpkins.[62] On June 3, 2004, he added that "the depth of my hurt [from Iha] is only matched with the depth of my gratitude".[63] Iha responded to Corgan's claims in 2005, saying, "No, I didn't break up the band. The only person who could have done that is Billy."[64]

In addition to drumming with Zwan, Jimmy Chamberlin also formed an alternative rock/A Perfect Circle, appearing on their Thirteenth Step club tour and 2004 album, eMOTIVe. He has also been involved with other acts such as Chino Moreno's Team Sleep and Vanessa and the O's. He continues to work with his own record label as well, Scratchie Records. D'arcy Wretzky has, aside from one radio interview in 2009, not made any public statements or appearances nor given any interviews since leaving the band in 1999. On January 25, 2000, she was arrested after she allegedly purchased three bags of crack cocaine, but after successfully completing a court-ordered drug education program, the charges were dropped.[59]

Recorded following the death of Corgan's mother and his divorce, 1998's Blinking with Fists Billy Corgan and Jimmy Chamberlin reunited in 2001 as members of Corgan's next project, the short-lived

In 2001, the compilation Rotten Apples was released. The double-disc version of the album, released as a limited edition, included a collection of B-sides and rarities called Judas O. The Greatest Hits Video Collection DVD was also released at the same time. This was a compilation of all of the Pumpkins promo videos from Gish to Machina along with unreleased material.[57] Vieuphoria was released on DVD in 2002, as was the soundtrack album Earphoria, previously released solely to radio stations in 1994.

Post-breakup: 2001–2004

On December 2, 2000, Smashing Pumpkins played a farewell concert at The Metro, the same Chicago club where their career had effectively started twelve years earlier. The four-and-a-half-hour long show featured 35 songs spanning the group's career, and attendees were given a recording of the band’s first concert at The Metro, Live at Cabaret Metro 10-5-88.[56] The single "Untitled" was released commercially to coincide with the farewell show.

[56] On May 23, 2000, in a live radio interview on

In 1999, the band surprised fans by reuniting with a rehabilitated Jimmy Chamberlin for a brief tour dubbed "The Arising", which showcased both new and classic material. The lineup was short-lived, however, as the band announced the departure of Wretzky in September during work on the album Machina/The Machines of God.[49] Former Hole bassist Melissa Auf der Maur was recruited for the "Sacred and Profane" tour in support of the album and appeared in the videos accompanying its release. Released in 2000, Machina was initially promoted as the Pumpkins' return to a more traditional rock sound, after the more gothic, electronic-sounding Adore.[50] The album debuted at number three on the Billboard charts,[51] but quickly disappeared and as of 2007 had only been certified gold.[52][53] Music journalist Jim DeRogatis, who described the album as "one of the strongest of their career", noted that the stalled sales for Machina in comparison to teen pop ascendant at the time "seems like concrete proof that a new wave of young pop fans has turned a deaf ear toward alternative rock."[54]

[48], a collection of poetry. In June 2005, he released a solo album, TheFutureEmbrace, which he described as "(picking) up the thread of the as-of-yet-unfinished work of the Smashing Pumpkins".[58] Despite this, it was greeted with generally mixed reviews and lackluster sales. Only one single, "Walking Shade", was released in support of the album.

the band’s next album would feature few guitar driven songs. [46], the Pumpkins contributed multiple songs to various compilations. Released in early 1997, the song "Mellon Collie After the release of

Adore, Machina, and breakup: 1998–2000

[44] and that rock was becoming stale. James Iha said at the end of 1996, "The future is in electronic music. It really seems boring just to play rock music."[43] stating that it would be the last conventional Pumpkins record,Mellon Collie Meanwhile the band had given interviews since the release of [42] cover story that in the past he'd "gotten high in every city in this country and probably half the cities in Europe." But in recent years, he had reportedly been clean. On July 17, the Pumpkins issued a statement in which they said, "For nine years we have battled with Jimmy's struggles with the insidious disease of drug and alcohol addiction It has nearly destroyed everything we are and stand for... We wish [him] the best we have to offer," Rolling Stone Chamberlin admitted in a 1994 [8] That year, the band also made a guest appearance in an episode of [36]. Corgan's look during this period — a shaved head, a longsleeve black shirt with the word "Zero" printed on it, and silver pants — became iconic.Mellon Collie In 1996, the Pumpkins embarked on an extended world tour in support of

Billy Corgan onstage during the Mellon Collie tour, featuring a shaved head and his iconic "Zero" shirt

The result was Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness, a double album featuring twenty-eight songs and lasting over two hours (the vinyl version of the album contained three records, two extra songs, and an alternate tracklisting). The songs were intended to hang together conceptually as a symbol of the cycle of life and death.[10] Praised by Time as "the group's most ambitious and accomplished work yet",[31] Mellon Collie debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 in October 1995.[32] Even more successful than Siamese Dream, it was certified ten times platinum in the United States[33] and became the best-selling double album of the decade to date.[34] It also garnered seven 1997 Grammy Award nominations, including Album of the Year. The band won only the Best Hard Rock Performance award, for the album's lead single "Bullet with Butterfly Wings". The album spawned five singles—"Bullet with Butterfly Wings", "1979", "Zero", "Tonight, Tonight", and "Thirty-Three"—of which the first three were certified gold and all but "Zero" entered the Top 40. Many of the remaining songs that did not make it onto Mellon Collie were released as B-sides to the singles, and were eventually compiled in The Aeroplane Flies High box set. As a testament to the band's popularity, Virgin Records originally intended to limit the set to 200,000 copies, but produced more after the original run sold out due to overwhelming demand.[35]

Corgan worked non-stop over the next year and wrote about fifty-six songs for the next album.[29] Following this spell of concentrated creativity, the Pumpkins went back into the studio with producers The Wall for Generation X",[30] a comparison with the 1979 Pink Floyd two-LP concept album.

Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness: 1995–1997

In 1994, Virgin released the B-sides/rarities compilation Pisces Iscariot which charted higher than Siamese Dream by reaching number four on the Billboard 200.[28] Also released was a VHS cassette titled Vieuphoria featuring a mix of live performances and behind-the-scenes footage. Following relentless touring to support the recordings, including headline slots on the 1994 Lollapalooza tour and at Reading Festival in 1995, the band took time off to write the follow-up album.

Despite all the problems in its recording, Siamese Dream debuted at number ten on the [27]

[19] In all, it took over four months to complete the record, with the budget exceeding $250,000.[8] Meanwhile, Chamberlin quickly managed to find new connections and was often absent without any contact for days at a time.[22] Amid this environment of intense internal pressure for the band to break through to widespread popularity, the band relocated to

With the breakthrough of alternative rock into the American mainstream due to the popularity of [18]

Mainstream success: 1992–1994

[17] writing some songs for the upcoming album in the parking garage where he lived at the time.[16], which featured several Chicago alternative bands. The group released its first single, "Light Into Dark In 1989, The Smashing Pumpkins made their first appearance on record with the compilation album

Cure kind of thing. It took about two or three practices before I realized that the power in his playing was something that enabled us to rock harder than we could ever have imagined."[8] On October 5, 1988, the complete band took the stage for the first time at the Cabaret Metro.[12]

agreed to book the band on the condition that they replace the drum machine with a live drummer. Joe Shanahan owner Cabaret Metro After this show, [12][11]

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