World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Thomas Tudor Tucker


Thomas Tudor Tucker

Thomas Tudor Tucker
3rd Treasurer of the United States
In office
December 1, 1801 – May 2, 1828
President Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
James Monroe
John Quincy Adams
Preceded by Samuel Meredith
Succeeded by William Clark
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 5th district
In office
March 4, 1789 – March 4, 1793
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Alexander Gillon
Delegate from South Carolina to the Congress of the Confederation
In office
November 5, 1787 – October 21, 1788
Member of the Dorchester Parish
In office
February 28, 1787 – January 5, 1789
In office
January 4, 1785 – January 1, 1787
In office
January 8, 1782 – January 6, 1783
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from St. John's, Colleton Parish
In office
March 26, 1776 – October 20, 1776
Personal details
Born (1754-06-25)June 25, 1754
St. George, Bermuda
Died May 2, 1828(1828-05-02) (aged 73)
Washington, D.C.
Resting place Congressional Cemetery, Washington, D.C.
Political party Anti-Administration
Alma mater University of Edinburgh
Profession doctor
Military service
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch Continental Army
Years of service 1781 – 1783
Rank surgeon
Battles/wars American Revolutionary War

Thomas Tudor Tucker (June 25, 1745 – May 2, 1828) was a Bermuda-born American physician and politician representing Charleston, South Carolina. He was elected from South Carolina in both the Continental Congress and the U.S. House. He later was appointed as Treasurer of the United States and served from 1801 to his death in 1828, establishing a record as the longest-serving Treasurer.


  • Biography 1
  • Works 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


Thomas was born in St. George Tucker followed him to Virginia, studying law and eventually being appointed as Chief Justice of the Virginia Supreme Court.

Tucker was an early supporter of the cause of American independence. He was elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1776, and served there in various years until 1788. In 1781 he joined the Continental Army as a hospital surgeon supporting the Southern Department, and served until 1783. South Carolina sent him as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1787 and again in 1788. He is believed to have played a key role in a plot to supply the rebel army with gunpowder stolen from a British magazine in his Bermudian homeland.

In 1775, after the London.[2]

This was despite the implication of his Bermudian relatives in the act of treason. The President of the Governor's Council, and occasional acting Governor of Bermuda, was Bruere's son-in-law,

Political offices
Preceded by
Samuel Meredith
Treasurer of the United States
Succeeded by
William Clark
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Position established
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 5th congressional district

Succeeded by
Alexander Gillon
  • Biographic sketch at U.S. Congress website
  • Find-A-Grave biography

External links

  1. ^ Keith Archibald Forbes, Bermuda's History from 1700 to 1799 at, accessed 25 February 2011
  2. ^ W. Kerr, 'Bermuda and the American Revolution' in Bermuda Historical Quarterly, vol. XXV, No. 1 (1968), p. 47
  3. ^ . S. D. Jewish Press-Heritage. 5 Nov, 1999Bermuda scion links with ZionJewish Sightseeing:
  4. ^  


Tucker published an oration that was delivered in Charleston before the South Carolina Society of the Cincinnati (Charleston, 1795).[4]


Tucker died while in office at Thomas Tudor Tucker stayed with the Bermuda branch of the family and served as an Admiral in the British Navy.

On December 1, 1801 President Jefferson appointed Tucker as Treasurer of the United States. He held that post through four administrations (Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, and J.Q. Adams), serving until his death in 1828. Tucker holds the record as the longest-serving Treasurer: 26 years, 153 days. During this time, he also served as physician to President Madison (1809–1817).

Tucker was opposed to the United States Constitution, believing that it gave too much authority to the central government. He was elected to the United States House of Representatives and served in the first two congresses from 1789 until 1793.

Gentn: (In the great Conflict, which agitates this Continent, I cannot doubt but the Assertors of Freedom and the Rights of the Constitution, are possessed of your most favorable Regards and Wishes for Success. As Descendents of Freemen and Heirs with us of the same Glorious Inheritance, we flatter ourselves that tho' divided by our Situation, we are firmly united in Sentiment; the Cause of Virtue and Liberty is Confined to no Continent or Climate, it comprehends within its capacious Limits, the Wise and good, however dispersed and separated in Space or distance.) You need not be informed, that Violence and Rapacity of a tyrannick Ministry, have forced the Citizens of America, your Brother Colonists, into Arms; We equally detest and lament the Prevalence of those Councils, which have led to the Effusion of so much human Blood and left us no Alternative but a Civil War or a base Submission. The wise disposer of all Events has hitherto smiled upon our virtuous Efforts; Those Mercenary Troops, a few of whom lately boasted of Subjugating this vast Continent, have been check'd in their earliest Ravages and are now actually encircled in a small Space; their Arms disgraced, and Suffering all the Calamities of a Siege. The Virtue, Spirit, and Union of the Provinces leave them nothing to fear, but the Want of Ammunition, The applications of our Enemies to foreign States and their Vigilance upon our Coasts, are the only Efforts they have made against us with Success. Under those Circumstances, and with these Sentiments we have turned our Eyes to you Gentlemen for Relief, We are informed there is a very large Magazine in your Island under a very feeble Guard; We would not wish to in volve you in an Opposition, in which from your Situation, we should be unable to support you: -- We knew not therefore to what Extent to sollicit your Assistance in availing ourselves of this Supply; -- but if your Favor and Friendship to North America and its Liberties have not been misrepresented, I persuade myself you may, consistent with your own Safety, pro mote and further this Scheme, so as to give it the fairest prospect of Success. Be assured, that in this Case, the whole Power and Execution of my Influence will be made with the Honble. Continental Congress, that your Island may not only be Supplied with Provisions, but experience every other Mark of Affection and Friendship, which grateful Citizens of a free Country can bestow on its Brethren and Benefactors. I am &c.

Camp at Cambridge 3 Miles from Boston, September 6, 1775.


The letter from Washington had read:

The plot was organised by persons highly-enough placed that no one was ever prosecuted. [3]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.