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Thutob Namgyal

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Thutob Namgyal

Thutob Namgyal
Chogyal of Sikkim
Reign 1874 - 1914
Predecessor Sidkeong Namgyal
Successor Sidkeong Tulku Namgyal
Born 1860
Died 11 February 1914(1914-02-11) (54–55)
Spouse Yeshay Dolma
Issue Sidkeong Tulku Namgyal
Tashi Namgyal
Mayeum Choying Wangmo Dorji
House Namgyal dynasty
Father Tshudpud Namgyal
Religion Buddhism
The 13th Dalai Lama with Thutob Namgyal (left) in Darjeeling, ca. 1900

Thutob Namgyal (Sikkimese: མཐུ་སྟོབས་རྣམ་རྒྱལ་; Wylie: mthu-stobs rnam-rgyal) (1860 – 11 February 1914) was the ruling chogyal (monarch) of Sikkim between 1874 and 1914. Thutob ascended to the throne succeeding his half-brother Sidkeong Namgyal who died issueless. Differences between the Nepalese settlers and the indigenous population during his reign led to the direct intervention of the British, who were the de facto rulers of the Himalayan nation. The British ruled in favour of the Nepalese much to the discontent of the chogyal, who then retreated to the Chumbi Valley and allied himself with the Tibetans.

The British sent a military force (Sikkim Expedition), and after a series of skirmishes between the Tibetans and the British near Jelep La, the Tibetans were pushed back and the Chogyal was put under the supervision of John Claude White, who had been appointed Political Officer in 1889. In 1894, he shifted the capital from Tumlong to the present location, Gangtok. He was knighted in 1911.

Thutob died in 1914 and was succeeded by his son, Sidkeong Tulku Namgyal. The Sir Thutob Namgyal Memorial (STNM) Hospital in Gangtok was built in memory of him in 1917.

==Titles
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