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Timeline of transport in Oslo

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Title: Timeline of transport in Oslo  
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Subject: Oslo Vognselskap, Homansbyen (station), List of Oslo Tramway and Metro operators, Ruter, History of the Oslo Tramway and Metro
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Timeline of transport in Oslo

Timeline of transport in Oslo covers key incidents within transport in Oslo, the capital of Norway.

The first railway opened in 1854, in 1875 the first horsecar tramway and in 1966 the rapid transit.

Year Date Event Ref
1854 September 1 Hoved Line, Norway's first railway from Oslo Ø to Eidsvoll opened. [1]
1872 October 7 The Drammen Line and Oslo Vestbanestasjon opened. [1]
1874 August 26 Kristiania Sporveisselskap established. [2]
1875 October 10 The first horsecar line opened, from Homansbyen and Vestbanen via Stortovet to Oslo and Grünerløkka. [2]
1878 December 2 The tram line to Oslo extended to St. Hallvards plass. [2]
1879 January 2 The Østfold Line opened to Halden. [1]
1879 April 12 The Grünerløkka Line extended to Bayerbrua. [2]
1879 May 5 The tram line to Vestbanen extended to Munkedamsveien. [2]
1894 March 3 Kristiania Elektriske Sporvei started operations with an electric tram line from Østbanen via Briskeby to Majorstuen, as well as a branch line from Parkveien to Skillebekk. [3]
1894 December 31 The Skillebekk Line (today the Skøyen Line) extended to Nobels gate. [3]
1898 May 31 The Holmenkoll Line opened from Besserud to Majorstuen. [4]
1899 November 24 Kristiania Kommunale Sporveie opened their first tram line, to Sagene. [5]
1900 January 15 Electrification of the tram lines concluded. [6]
1900 March 27 The tram line to Rodeløkka opened. [5]
1900 August 28 The tram line from Tollbugata to Festningsbryggen opened. [5]
1900 December 12 The North Line, later renamed Gjøvik Line, opened from Grefsen to Jaren. [1]
1901 January 20 The Alnabru–Grefsen Line opened. [1]
1901 The Skillebekk Line extended to Thune. [3]
1902 November 28 The North Line extended from Grefsen to Oslo Ø. [1]
1902 November 28 The Grünerløkka Line extended to Grefsen. [6]
1902 The Frogner Line opened from Østbanen to Frogner Plass. [3]
1903 June 21 The Skøyen Line extended to Skøyen. [3]
1903 October 1 LillestrømBryn on the Hoved Line rebuilt to double track. [7]
1904 September 1 Bryn – Oslo Ø rebuilt to double track. [7]
1905 Kristiania Kommunale Sporveie taken over by Kristania Sporveisselskab. [5]
1907 May 1 Loenga–Alnabru Line opened. [1]
1907 November 13 Oslo Port Line opened, connecting Oslo Ø with Oslo V. [1]
1909 Tram lines start being numbered. [3]
1912 November 7 The Smestad Line opened to Smestad. [8]
1914 May 15 The Frogner Line extended to Majorstuen. [3]
1916 May 16 The Holmenkoll Line extended to Tryvann. [9]
1917 June 11 The Ekeberg Line opened to Sæter. [10]
1917 The municipal owned AS Akersbanrene established. [11]
1919 May 9 The suburban Lilleaker Line opened from Skøyen to Lilleaker. [3]
1922 November 26 Oslo V – Sandvika on the Drammen Line rebuilt to double track and electrified. [7][12]
1923 December 18 The Østensjø Line opened from Vålerenga to Bryn. [11]
1924 January 1 The Municipality of Oslo takes over the running of the two streetcar companies, creating Kristiania Sporveier. [13]
1924 June 1 BekkelagetLjan rebuilt to double track. [7]
1924 July 1 The Lilleaker Line extended to Bekkestua. [3]
1924 November 2 The Lilleaker Line extended to Haslum. [3]
1924 AS Ekebergbanen starts operating the first bus lines. [10]
1925 January 1 Kristiania changed its name to Oslo, and Kristiania Sporveier its name to Oslo Sporveier. [14]
1926 January 10 The Østensjø Line extended to Oppsal. [11]
1927 September 1 The Hoved Line electrified. [12]
1927 Oslo Sporveier starts bus operations. [13]
1928 June 27 The Holmenkoll Line is extended to the underground Nationaltheatret as the first Nordic underground railway. [15]
1928 October 15 Loenga–Alnabru electrified. [12]
1929 May 15 Oslø Ø – Bekkelaget rebuilt to double track. [7]
1930 January 1 The Lilleaker Line extended to Kolsås. [3]
1931 September 30 The Simensbråten Line opened, branching off from the Ekeberg Line at Jomfrubråten to Simensbråten. [10]
1934 October 10 The Sognsvann Line opened. [11]
1935 January 24 The Smestad Line extended to Røa, and changes name to the Røa Line. [11]
1936 December 9 Oslo Ø – Ljan electrified. [12]
1936 December 15 Ljan–Kolbotn rebuilt to double track. [7]
1937 January 4 The Østensjø Line taken over by AS Bærumsbanen. [16]
1937 January 18 Ljan–Kolbotn electrified. [12]
1940 December 17 The first line of the Oslo trolleybus opened. [17]
1941 September 17 The Ekeberg Line extended to Ljabru. [10]
1942 June 15 The Kolsås Line trams reroute via Majorstuen to Nationaltheatret, with the opening of the Kolsås Line from Jar to Smestad. [16]
1948 The municipalities of Oslo and Aker merge. [11]
1948 December 22 The Røa Line extended to Grini. [11]
1949 January 17 The Kongsvoll Line closed. [18]
1949 February 6 The Rodeløkka Line closed. [19]
1951 December 3 The Røa Line extended to Lijordet. [11]
1954 The city council decides to build the Oslo T-bane rapid transit. [19]
1955 January 2 A new line to Rodeløkka opened. [19]
1957 April 28 The Lambertseter Line opened. [19]
1957 November 3 A tram line connection between Grefsen and Sinsen opened. [19]
1958 July 20 The Østensjø Line extended to Bøler. [19]
1958 July 20 The tram network was at its greatest extent. [19]
1960 October 30 The Ekeberg Line moved from Grønland to Schewigaards gate. [10]
1960 The city council decides to terminate the trolleybus and tram services, and replace them with rapid transit and diesel buses. [20]
1961 February 1 Oslo Ø – Tøyen rebuilt to double track. [7]
1961 February 1 Oslo Ø – Jaren electrified. [12]
1961 April 23 The Rodeløkka Line closed. [21]
1961 November 12 The first trolleybus line closes. [22]
1962 May 27 Tøyen–Grefsen rebuilt to double track. [7]
1966 May 22 The Oslo Metro opened with the Lambertseter Line converted to rapid transit. [23]
1966 October 16 The Grorud Line to Grorud opened as part of the metro. [23]
1967 October 29 The Østensjø Line became part of the metro. [23]
1967 October 29 The Simensbråten Line closed. [10]
1967 November 26 The Østensjø Line extended to Skullerud. [23]
1968 June 24 The official closing of the trolleybus service. [24]
1970 November 18 The Furuset Line opened as part of the metro to Haugerud. [23]
1972 November 16 The Røa Line extended to Østerås. [11]
1974 March 3 The Grorud Line extended to Rommen. [25]
1974 June 26 Stor-Oslo Lokaltrafikk established to manage bus routes in Akershus, and from Akershus to Oslo. [26]
1974 August 18 The Grorud Line extended to Stovner. [25]
1974 December 15 The Furuset Line extended to Trosterud. [25]
1974 The last conductor on trams taken out of service. [27]
1975 December 21 The Grorud Line extended to Vestli. [25]
1977 January 9 The metro extended from Sentrum. [25]
1977 The city council canceled the decision to close the tram lines. [28]
1978 February 19 The Furuset Line extended to Furuset. [25]
1980 June 1 The Oslo Tunnel opened. [7]
1981 November 8 The Furuset Line extended to Ellingsrudåsen. [25]
1981 First articulated buses into service. [29]
1982 The SL79 articulated trams put into service. [27]
1983 March 20 The metro line from Jernbanetorget to Sentrum closes due to leaks. [25]
1983 The Port Line closed. [30]
1986 Night buses entered service. [29]
1987 March 7 The Common Tunnel opens form Jernbanetorget to Nationaltheatret. [25]
1989 May 28 Oslo Vestbanestasjon closed. [30]
1989 Ticket machines enter service, with nine T-bane stations unmanned. [29]
1991 First bus lines subject to public service obligation. [29]
1993 The first through T-bane route, connecting the Sognsvann Line with the Lambertseter Line. [25]
1995 The Røa Line becomes a through service with the eastern T-bane lines. [25]
1995 The Vika Line tram opened. [29]
1995 T2000 multiple units into service on the T-bane. [29]
1997 November 24 The Østensjø Line extended to Mortensrud. [31]
1998 January 5 The Oslo Bus Terminal opened. [29]
1998 October 8 The Gardermo Line opened. [7]
1999 June 1 The Ullevål Hageby Line extended to Rikshospitalet. [29]
1999 August 22 Romerike Tunnel opened. [7]
1999 December 16 Nationaltheatret Station rebuilt to four platforms. [7]
2000 SL95 trams into service. [29]
2002 Student discount introduced on public transport. [29]
2003 July 1 Oslo Sporvognsdrift and Oslo T-banedrift took over operation of the trams and T-bane. [29]
2003 August 20 The Ring Line opened to Storo. [29]
2006 January 25 MX3000 multiple units into service on the T-bane. [32]
2006 July 1 Oslo Sporveier split into Oslo Public Transport Administration and Kollektivtransportproduksjon. [29]
2006 August 20 The Circle Line opened from Storo via Sinsen til Carl Berners Plass. [29]
2008 January 1 Ruter took over as public transport administrator in Oslo and Akershus. [29]
2010 December 6 Holmenkollen line partially converted to metro standard, Holmenkollen station rebuilt to accommodate 6-car trains. [29]
2011 August 17 [Kolsås Line]] Bekkestua station opened as a part of the renovation of the Kolsås Line. [29]
2012 October 8 [Kolsås Line]] Gjønnes station re-opened after renovation. [29]
2013 December 15 [Kolsås Line]] Haslum and Avløs stations re-opened, making Avløs the terminus of the Kolsås Line. The line is extended by bus to Kolsås. Bus 142 from Bekkestua now starts and terminates each travel on Kolsås, looping at Avløs. [29]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Norwegian National Rail Administration, 2008: 44
  2. ^ a b c d e Aspenberg, 1994: 6
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Aspenberg, 1994: 7
  4. ^ Aspenberg, 1994: 8
  5. ^ a b c d Aspenberg, 1994: 9
  6. ^ a b Aspenberg, 1994: 10
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Norwegian National Rail Administration, 2008: 45
  8. ^ Aspenberg, 1994: 13
  9. ^ Aspenberg, 1994: 14
  10. ^ a b c d e f Aspenberg, 1994: 15
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i Aspenberg, 1994: 16
  12. ^ a b c d e f Norwegian National Rail Administration, 2008: 34
  13. ^ a b Aspenberg, 1994: 19
  14. ^ Bjerke and Holom, 2004: 349
  15. ^ Aspenberg, 1994: 17
  16. ^ a b Aspenberg, 1994: 18
  17. ^ Aspenberg, 1996: 67
  18. ^ Aspenberg, 1994: 23
  19. ^ a b c d e f g Aspenberg, 1994: 24
  20. ^ Aspenberg, 1994: 25
  21. ^ Aspenberg, 1994: 26
  22. ^ Aspenberg, 1996: 78
  23. ^ a b c d e Aspenberg, 1994: 29
  24. ^ Aspenberg, 1996: 79
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Aspenberg, 1994: 30
  26. ^  
  27. ^ a b Aspenberg, 1994: 34
  28. ^ Aspenberg, 1994: 31
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s  
  30. ^ a b Norwegian National Rail Administration, 2008: 46
  31. ^ Bjerke and Holom, 2004: 348
  32. ^  

References

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