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Title: Tkvarcheli  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ilori, Gulripshi, Leselidze (town), Abkhazia, Abkhazian railway
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


ტყვარჩელი, Тҟəарчал, Ткуарчал/Ткварчели
Tqvarcheli, Tqwarchal, Tkuarchal/Tkvarcheli
Aerial view of the town
Aerial view of the town
location of Tkvarcheli within Abkhazia
location of Tkvarcheli within Abkhazia
Country Georgia
de facto state Abkhazia[note 1]
District Tkvarcheli
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,013
Time zone MSK (UTC+3)

Tkvarcheli (Ghalidzga (Aaldzga) and a railroad connects it with Ochamchira.


Tkvarcheli was given town-status on 9 April 1942 [1] as coal-mining (that had started in its vicinity in 1935) grew in importance during the World War II as the major coal mines of Donbass were temporarily lost to the Germans.

During the Tquarchal District. On 27 September 2008, President Sergei Bagapsh awarded it the honorary title of Hero City.[1]


Coal-mining has been the town's main industry ever since although now the Soviet mines are closed and coal is quarried only by the Abkhaz-CIS restrictions[4] and has arrested several vessels, loaded with coal from Tkvarcheli, in its territorial waters, a measure that has reportedly brought Tamsaş to the verge of bankruptcy.[5]


View of the Akarmara microrayon of Tkvarcheli

The town's population was 21,744 in 1989. The three main ethnic groups were Russian, 1.4% Mingrelian, 1.3% Ukrainian, 1.1% Armenian, 0.4% Greek and 0.1% Svan.[9]



  1. ^ a b "Городу-Герою Ткуарчал исполняется 70 лет".  
  2. ^ The Turkish Tamsas Can Resume Mining in Abkhazia If It Complies with Environmental Requirements 09/11/2006 18:00, Official site of the President of Abkhazia
  3. ^ Ткуарчал отметил 65-летний юбилей 20/04/2007 18:13, Official site of the President of Abkhazia
  4. ^ Abkhazia Today. The International Crisis Group Europe Report N°176, 15 September 2006. Retrieved on September 30, 2007. Free registration needed to view full report
  5. ^ Abkhaz MP: Georgia’s Sea Seizure Pose Threat to Abkhaz Coal Industry. Civil Georgia. October 26, 2007.
  6. ^ Abkhazia census statistics(Russian)
  7. ^ Отчет миссии ПРООН по изучению возможностей Гальского района и смежных с ним территорий Абхазии, Грузия, Апрель 2004
  8. ^ Абхазия - город Ткварчели
  9. ^ 2011 Census results

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