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Torres-Martinez Indian Reservation

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Torres-Martinez Indian Reservation

Torres-Martinez Desert
Cahuilla Indians
Total population
4,146 people living on the reservation[1]
Regions with significant populations
United States ( California)
Languages
English, Cahuilla language[2]
Religion
traditional tribal religion,
Christianity (Roman Catholicism and Protestantism)[3]
Related ethnic groups
Cahuilla and Chemehuevi tribes[4]

The Torres-Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians is a federally recognized tribe of Cahuilla and Chemehuevi Indians, located in Imperial and Riverside counties in California.[1][4] Their autonym is Mau-Wal-Mah Su-Kutt Menyil,[5] which is said to mean "among the palms, deer moon."[6]

Torres-Martinez Indian Reservation

The Torres-Martinez Indian Reservation is a federal reservation in Imperial and Riverside Counties, with a total area of 24,024 acres (97.22 km2).[1] It was established in 1876[7] and was named for the village of Toro and the Martinez Indian Agency.[6] In 1970, 42 of the 217 enrolled tribal members lived on the reservation.[4]

Government

The tribe's headquarters is located in Thermal, California. Their current tribal administration is as follows:

  • Mary L. Resvaloso, Tribal Chairperson
  • Raymond Torres Vice-Chairperson
  • Alesia Reed, Secretary
  • Thomas Tortez, Treasurer
  • Joseph Mirelez, Council Member
  • Michelle Morreo, Council Member[8]

Economic development

The tribe owns and operates the Red Earth Casino in Salton City, California.[9]

Cemetery

The tribe maintains a small (48 interments) cemetery on Martinez Road in Thermal.[10][11]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c "California Indians and Their Reservations." San Diego State University Library and Information Access. 2012. Retrieved 1 Nov 2012.
  2. ^ Eargle, 111
  3. ^ Bean, 584-5
  4. ^ a b c Bean, 585
  5. ^ "Home." Torres Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians. 2009 (retrieved 17 May 2010)
  6. ^ a b "Torres-Martinez Desert Band of Cahuilla." Gallery of Nations. (retrieved 17 May 2010)
  7. ^ Pritzker, 120
  8. ^ "Tribal Council." Torres Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians. 2011 (retrieved 12 Feb 2011)
  9. ^ "Red Earth Casino." 500 Nations. (retrieved 17 May 2010)
  10. ^ USGS Geographic Names Information System (GNIS)
  11. ^ Torres Martinez Reservation Cemetery Find A Grave

References

  • Bean, Lowell John. "Cahuilla." Heizer, Robert F., volume ed. Handbook of North American Indians: California, Volume 8. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978. ISBN 978-0-16-004574-5.
  • Eargle, Jr., Dolan H. California Indian Country: The Land and the People. San Francisco: Tree Company Press, 1992. ISBN 0-937401-20-X.
  • Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.

Further reading

External links

  • Torres-Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians, official website
  • U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Torres-Martinez Reservation

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