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Toshiki Kaifu

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Toshiki Kaifu

Toshiki Kaifu
海部 俊樹
Prime Minister of Japan
In office
10 August 1989 – 5 November 1991
Monarch Akihito
Preceded by Sōsuke Uno
Succeeded by Kiichi Miyazawa
Personal details
Born (1931-01-02) 2 January 1931
Nagoya, Japan
Political party Liberal Democratic Party
(2003–present)
Other political
affiliations
Liberal Democratic Party (Before 1994)
New Frontier Party (1994–1998)
"Assembly of Independents" (1998)
Liberal Party (1998–2000)
Conservative Party (2000–2002)
New Conservative Party
(2002–2003)
Alma mater Chuo University
Waseda University
Signature

Toshiki Kaifu (海部 俊樹 Kaifu Toshiki, born 2 January 1931) is a Japanese politician who was the 76th and 77th Prime Minister of Japan from 1989 to 1991.[1]

Early life and education

Kaifu was born in Nagoya City, Aichi Prefecture, on 2 January 1931. He was educated at Chuo University and Waseda University.

Career

with the G7 leaders

A member of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), Kaifu ran successfully for the Diet in 1960 and served for sixteen terms totaling 49 years. He was education minister before rising to lead the party after the resignations of Takeshita Noboru and Sōsuke Uno, elected on the platform of "clean leadership." Kaifu became the 76th Prime Minister of Japan in August 1989, but his faction was too small to push through the reforms Kaifu sought, and the continuing repercussions of the Sagawa Express scandal caused problems. He resigned in February 1991 and was replaced by Kiichi Miyazawa.

In 1994, he left the LDP to become head of the newly founded Shinshinto (New Frontier Party). He supported Ichirō Ozawa's party until he returned to LDP in 2003. He was defeated in the election of 2009 by DPJ candidate Mitsunori Okamoto, which witnessed the end of almost uninterrupted LDP dominance since 1955. At the time of his defeat, he was the longest-serving member of the lower house of the Diet, and he was also the first former prime minister to be defeated at a re-election since 1963.

Honours

From the corresponding article in the Japanese WorldHeritage

  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers (July 2011)

References

  1. ^ "Toshiki Kaifu". Inter Press Service. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  • KAIFU, Toshiki International Who's Who. Retrieved 3 September 2006.
Political offices
Preceded by
Sōsuke Uno
Prime Minister of Japan
1989–1991
Succeeded by
Kiichi Miyazawa
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