World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Triacetate

Article Id: WHEBN0006131728
Reproduction Date:

Title: Triacetate  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Film cement, Ironing
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Triacetate

Cellulose triacetate
Identifiers
CAS number 9012-09-3 YesY
Properties
Molecular formula variable
Molar mass variable
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Cellulose triacetate, also known simply as triacetate, CTA and TAC, is manufactured from cellulose and a source of acetate esters, typically acetic anhydride. Triacetate is typically used for the creation of fibres and film base. It is similar chemically to cellulose acetate, with the distinguishing characteristics being that in triacetate, according to the Federal Trade Commission definition, at least "92 percent of the hydroxyl groups are acetylated." During the manufacture of triacetate the cellulose is completely acetylated whereas in regular cellulose acetate or cellulose diacetate, it is only partially acetylated. Triacetate is significantly more heat resistant than cellulose acetate.

History

Triacetate, whose chemical equation is [C6H7O2(OOCCH3)3]n, was first produced commercially in the

Production

Triacetate is derived from cellulose by acetylating cellulose with acetic acid and/or acetic anhydride. Acetylation converts hydroxyl groups in cellulose to acetyl groups, which renders the cellulose polymer much more soluble in organic solvents. The cellulose acetate is dissolved in a mixture of dichloromethane and methanol for spinning. As the filaments emerge from a spinneret, the solvent is evaporated in warm air, in a process known as dry spinning, leaving a fibre of almost pure triacetate.

A finishing process called S-Finishing or surface saponification is sometimes applied to acetate and triacetate fabrics using a sodium hydroxide solution. This removes part or all of the acetyl groups from the surface of the fibres leaving them with a cellulose coating. This reduces the tendency for the fibres to acquire a static charge.

Chemistry

CAS number 9012-09-3

As a Fibre

Triacetate fibres have a [2] cross section.

Characteristics

  • Shrink resistant
  • Wrinkle resistant
  • Easily washable
  • Generally washable at high temperatures
  • Maintains creases and pleats well

Usage Scenarios

Particularly effective in clothing where crease or pleat retention is important, such as skirts and dresses.

In the 1980s triacetate was also used with polyester to create shiny tracksuits which were very popular at the time. The material was very smooth and shiny on the outside and soft and fleecy on the inside.

General Care Tips

  • Ironable up to 200 °C
  • Pleated garments are best hand laundered. Most other garments containing 100% triacetate can be machine washed and dried
  • Articles containing triacetate fibres require very little special care due mainly to the fibre's resistance to high temperatures

As a film

Characteristics

Usage Scenarios

As a semipermeable membrane

Usage Scenarios

See also

References

  • www.fibersource.com description of triacetate fibre
  • www.islandgroup.com description of triacetate film
  • Federal Trade Commission definition of triacetate
  • Article on the long term archival of triacetate photographic films
  • Glossary of terms relation to the manufacture of cellulose / acetate fibres
  • Fundamentals of membranes for water treatment
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.