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Triakis octahedron

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Triakis octahedron

Triakis octahedron

(Click here for rotating model)
Type Catalan solid
Coxeter diagram
Conway notation kO
Face type V3.8.8

isosceles triangle
Faces 24
Edges 36
Vertices 14
Vertices by type 8{3}+6{8}
Symmetry group Oh, B3, [4,3], (*432)
Rotation group O, [4,3]+, (432)
Dihedral angle 147° 21' 0"
\arccos ( -\frac{3 + 8\sqrt{2}}{17} )
Properties convex, face-transitive

Truncated cube
(dual polyhedron)
Triakis octahedron Net
Net

In geometry, a triakis octahedron (or kisoctahedron[1]) is an Archimedean dual solid, or a Catalan solid. Its dual is the truncated cube.

It can be seen as an octahedron with triangular pyramids added to each face; that is, it is the Kleetope of the octahedron. It is also sometimes called a trisoctahedron, or, more fully, trigonal trisoctahedron. Both names reflect the fact that it has three triangular faces for every face of an octahedron. The tetragonal trisoctahedron is another name for the deltoidal icositetrahedron, a different polyhedron with three quadrilateral faces for every face of an octahedron.

This convex polyhedron is topologically similar to the concave stellated octahedron. They have the same face connectivity, but the vertices are in different relative distances from the center.

If its shorter edges have length 1, its surface area and volume are:

A=3\sqrt{7+4\sqrt{2}}
V=\frac{1}{2}(3+2\sqrt{2}).

Contents

  • Orthogonal projections 1
  • Cultural references 2
  • Related polyhedra 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Orthogonal projections

The triakis octahedron has three symmetry positions, two located on vertices, and one mid-edge:

Orthogonal projections
Projective
symmetry
[2] [4] [6]
Triakis
octahedron
Truncated
cube

Cultural references

Related polyhedra

Spherical triakis octahedron

The triakis octahedron is one of a family of duals to the uniform polyhedra related to the cube and regular octahedron.

Uniform octahedral polyhedra
Symmetry: [4,3], (*432) [4,3]+, (432) [3+,4], (3*2)
{4,3} t{4,3} r{4,3} t{3,4} {3,4} rr{4,3} tr{4,3} sr{4,3} s{3,4}
Duals to uniform polyhedra
V43 V3.82 V(3.4)2 V4.62 V34 V3.43 V4.6.8 V34.4 V35

The triakis octahedron is a part of a sequence of polyhedra and tilings, extending into the hyperbolic plane. These face-transitive figures have (*n32) reflectional symmetry.

*n32 symmetry mutation of truncated tilings: 3.2n.2n
Symmetry
*n32
[n,3]
Spherical Euclid. Compact hyperb. Paraco. Noncompact hyperbolic
*232
[2,3]
*332
[3,3]
*432
[4,3]
*532
[5,3]
*632
[6,3]
*732
[7,3]
*832
[8,3]...
*∞32
[∞,3]
[12i,3] [9i,3] [6i,3]
Truncated
figures
Config. 3.4.4 3.6.6 3.8.8 3.10.10 3.12.12 3.14.14 3.16.16 3.∞.∞ 3.24i.24i 3.18i.18i 3.12i.12i
Triakis
figures
Config. V3.4.4 V3.6.6 V3.8.8 V3.10.10 V3.12.12 V3.14.14 V3.16.16 V3.∞.∞

The triakis octahedron is also a part of a sequence of polyhedra and tilings, extending into the hyperbolic plane. These face-transitive figures have (*n42) reflectional symmetry.

*n42 symmetry mutation of truncated tilings: n.8.8
Symmetry
*n42
[n,4]
Spherical Euclidean Compact hyperbolic Paracompact
*242
[2,4]
*342
[3,4]
*442
[4,4]
*542
[5,4]
*642
[6,4]
*742
[7,4]
*842
[8,4]...
*∞42
[∞,4]
Truncated
figures
Config. 2.8.8 3.8.8 4.8.8 5.8.8 6.8.8 7.8.8 8.8.8 ∞.8.8
n-kis
figures
Config. V2.8.8 V3.8.8 V4.8.8 V5.8.8 V6.8.8 V7.8.8 V8.8.8 V∞.8.8

References

  1. ^ Conway, Symmetries of things, p.284
  • (Section 3-9)  
  • (The thirteen semiregular convex polyhedra and their duals, Page 17, Triakisoctahedron)  
  • The Symmetries of Things 2008, John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5 [2] (Chapter 21, Naming the Archimedean and Catalan polyhedra and tilings, page 284, Triakis octahedron)

External links

  • Eric W. Weisstein, Triakis octahedron (Catalan solid) at MathWorld
  • Triakis Octahedron – Interactive Polyhedron Model
  • Virtual Reality Polyhedra www.georgehart.com: The Encyclopedia of Polyhedra
    • VRML model
    • Conway Notation for Polyhedra Try: "dtC"
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