World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Turkish Sign Language

Article Id: WHEBN0002997517
Reproduction Date:

Title: Turkish Sign Language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Fingerspelling, Mardin Sign Language, Ottoman Sign Language, Languages of Turkey, Polish manual alphabet
Collection: Disability in Turkey, Languages of Turkey, Sign Language Isolates, Sign Languages
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Turkish Sign Language

Turkish Sign Language
Türk İşaret Dili
Native to Turkey, Northern Cyprus
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Early forms
Possibly from Ottoman Sign Language
  • Turkish Sign Language
Language codes
ISO 639-3 tsm
Glottolog turk1288[1]

Turkish Sign Language (Turkish: Türk İşaret Dili, TİD) is the language used by the deaf community in Turkey. As with other sign languages, TİD has a unique grammar that is different from the oral languages used in the region.

TİD uses a two-handed manual alphabet which is very different from the two-handed alphabets used in the BANZSL sign languages.


  • Status 1
  • Signing communities 2
  • History 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


There is little published information on Turkish Sign Language.

Signing communities

According to the Turkish Statistical Institute, there are a total of 89,000 (54,000 male 35,000 female) persons with hearing impairment and 55,000 (35,000 male, 21,000 female) persons with speaking disability living in Turkey, based on 2000 census data.[2]


TİD is dissimilar from European sign languages. There was a court sign language of the Ottoman Empire, which reached its height in the 16th century and 17th centuries and lasted at least until the early 20th.[3] (See Ottoman Sign Language.) However, there is no record of the signs themselves and no evidence the language was ancestral to modern Turkish Sign Language.[4]

Deaf schools were established in 1902, and until 1953 used TİD alongside the Turkish spoken and written language in education.[5] After 1953, Turkey has adopted an oralist approach to deaf education.

See also


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Turkish Sign Language". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu, Nüfus, Konut ve Demografi Verileri 2000
  3. ^ Miles, M. (2000). Signing in the Seraglio: Mutes, dwarfs and gestures at the Ottoman Court 1500-1700, Disability & Society, Vol. 15, No. 1, 115-134
  4. ^ Turkish Sign Language (TİD) General Info, Dr. Aslı Özyürek, Koç University website, accessed 2011-10-06
  5. ^ Deringil, S. (2002). İktidarın Sembolleri ve İdeoloji: II. Abdülhamid Dönemi (1876–1909), YKY, İstanbul, 249.

External links

  • Turkish Sign Language (Turkish and English) Website including dictionary and general information, by the Turkish Academy of Sciences and Koç University
  • Turkish National Deaf Federation homepage (Turkish and English).

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.