Type 1936B destroyer

File:Destroyer Z36.png
Z36 of the Type 1936B class.
Class overview
Builders: DeSchiMAG
Built: 1941–1945
In commission: 1943–1964
Planned: 8
Completed: 3
Cancelled: 3
Lost: 3
General characteristics
Class & type: Zerstörer 1936B
Displacement: 3,540 long tons (3,600 t) maximum
Length: 127 m (416 ft 8 in) o/a
121.5 m (398 ft 7 in) w/l
Beam: 12 m (39 ft 4 in)
Draught: 4.21 m (13 ft 10 in)
Propulsion: 2 × Wagner geared turbines, 70,000 shp
2 shafts
Speed: 36.5 knots (42.0 mph; 67.6 km/h)
Range: 2,600 nmi (4,800 km) at 19 kn (35 km/h)
Complement: 330
Armament: • 5 × 12.7 cm (5.0 in)[1] guns
• 4 (later 10) × 37 mm guns
• 16 × 20 mm guns
• 8 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes
• 76 mines
• 4 × depth charge launchers

The Type 1936B class of destroyers was a class of five destroyers built for the German Kriegsmarine between 1941 and 1942, of which only three - Z36, Z35, and Z43 - were commissioned and saw service. Eight ships to this design were ordered, but the orders for Z.40, Z.41 and Z.42 (all three ordered from Germania Werft at Kiel) were replaced by orders for three "scout cruisers", to be numbered Sp.1, Sp.2 and Sp.3 respectively.

The Z36 and Z35 were lost in the Gulf of Finland after hitting friendly mines,[2][3] while Z43 was scuttled near the end of the war.[4]

Design

The Type 1936B destroyer class differed from the previous Type 1936A class in several ways. One was that the twin 15-centimetre (5.9 in) turrets, positioned fore and aft, were removed because the older Type 1936As had been found to be too unstable in heavy seas. [5] These two twin turrets were removed and replaced with five single 15 cm (5.9 in) turrets.[6] along with more anti-aircraft defences.[5] Apart from some other minor modifications, the ships retained the main characteristics of the 1936A class. They displaced 2,527 tonnes (2,487 long tons), and were manned by a crew of 321 officers and men.[7] Although they had a maximum speed of 36.5 knots (67.6 km/h; 42.0 mph), their range was 2,600 nautical miles (4,800 km) at 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph).[7] The main armament of five 12.7 cm SK C/34 naval guns[7] could be depressed to −10° and raised to 30°.[8] They had an arc of fire of 360°, meaning that they could rotate a full circle, able to fire at any given point.[8] The guns fired 28-kilogram (62 lb) high-explosive shells at a muzzle velocity of 830 metres per second (2,700 ft/s) to a range of 17,400 metres (19,000 yd).[8] The destroyers also carried four 37-millimetre (1.5 in) anti-aircraft guns and six 20 mm (0.79 in) anti-aircraft guns in pairs.[7] They had eight 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes and, when fitted as a minelayer, could carry 76 mines. [7]

Ships of the class

Ship Laid down Launched Commissioned Fate
Z35 DeSchiMAG Bremen, 6 June 1941 2 October 1942 22 September 1943 sunk 12 December 1944
Z36 DeSchiMAG Bremen, 15 September 1941 15 May 1943 19 February 1944 sunk 12 December 1944
Z40 Germania Werft, Kiel,
never begun
- - -
Z41 Germania Werft, Kiel,
never begun
- - -
Z42 Germania Werft, Kiel,
never begun
- - -
Z43 DeSchiMAG Bremen, 1 May 1942
22 September 1943 24 March 1944 scuttled 3 May 1945
Z44 DeSchiMAG Bremen, 1942 20 January 1944 Never commissioned scrapped 1948-1949
Z45 DeSchiMAG Bremen, 1942 15 April 1944 Never commissioned scrapped in shipyard in 1946

References

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